Lesson 5Bellringer: What struggles did Africa face after gaining independence?
Independence• When will you have independence?• What will you get when you gain independence?• Turn to page 53
Issues for Africa Today• Europe saw Africa as a source for raw materials (similar to the United States) – Did not build up any industry or infrastructure – Still agrarian
African Economy• Economy consists of farming and mining – Farming is the most important activity in Africa – 75% of workers are farmers • Subsistence and commercial – Many African nations have rich mineral resources • Oil, copper, diamonds, gold
Economic Challenges• 75% of African countries have specialized economies• Sensitive to the rise and fall of prices of their particular goods• Trying to diversify
Problem• How to feed a growing population? – Government is trying to help – Hybrid plants: combining different types of the same plant
Social Issues• Education – African children are often needed at home to work – Sending children to school is a huge sacrifice – Schools are overcrowded – Literacy has been spreading since most countries have gained their independence• Health – Health: Lower life expectancy than in America – Insects in the tropical areas carry disease – Working on increased vaccination
The Environment• 2/3 of continent is desert and more is becoming dry, arid land• Deforestation and the loss of fertile soil• Threats of starvation because few crops can grow• New scientific technologies are developing to help this problem
Interview Questions• Mollie – Worked as a teacher• Uganda – East Africa – Had a dictator
Exit Card– EXIT CARD (2 questions)- use book and notes– Why are African nations trying to diversify their economies?– List two challenges African countries face.
Activity– Activity on page 58 Recognizing Bias– Go through readings– Complete “Apply the Skill”