What is Culture? What is culture? Culture is the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs Many elements: food, clothing, homes, jobs, language, religion, architecture Worldviews
Islam in North Africa Islam in North Africa Religion is a large part of North Africa’s culture 95% are Muslim
Muslim Beliefs Beliefs One God (Allah) Prophet Muhammad Quran = sacred book Prohibits gambling, alcohol, pork, lying, stealing, murder Terrorists use word “martyr” because suicide is a sin Islamic law is called Sharia law Mosque
5 Pillars of Islam Iman or Faith Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophet hood of Muhammad Salah or Prayer Establishment of the daily prayers Zakah or Almsgiving Concern for and almsgiving to the needy Sawm or Fasting Self-purification through fasting Hajj or Pilgrimage The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able.
Unifies the People Islam Unifies the People Islam and Arabic language Ethnic group; people who share language, religion, or cultural traditions Different ethnic groups in North Africa
Cultural Changes Cultural Changes Changes brought on by travel Sharing customs and ideas Cultural diffusion; spread of culture Location plays a role in diffusion North Africa is connected to three continents Hub of trade Conquests
North Africa’s LocationMeeting point of Africa, Asia, and Europe
Preserving Culture Preserving Culture Concerned they are becoming too modern Challenge
Religious Diffusion http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bd5hvXgI_bQ Focus on geography and location
EXIT CARD Answer in packet How has North Africa’s location contributed to cultural diffusion?
American Culture In partners, make a book of American culture Define American culture for a foreigner Language Religion Food Traditions/Customs Family Life