LESSON 1 THECULTURES OF NORTHAFRICABellringer: What is “culture”?
What is culture?   What is American culture?   How do we define it?
Open books to page 63   Read first paragraph
What is Culture?   What is culture?     Culture   is the way of      life of a group of      people who share      simil...
Islam in North Africa   Islam in North    Africa     Religion is a      large part of      North Africa’s      culture  ...
Muslim Beliefs   Beliefs     One God (Allah)     Prophet Muhammad     Quran = sacred book       Prohibits   gambling,...
5 Pillars of Islam   Iman or Faith       Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality        of the prophet ho...
Unifies the People   Islam Unifies the    People     Islam  and Arabic      language     Ethnic group;      people who ...
Cultural Changes   Cultural Changes     Changes     brought on     by travel         Sharing customs and          ideas...
North Africa’s LocationMeeting point of Africa, Asia, and Europe
Preserving Culture   Preserving    Culture     Concerned  they      are becoming      too modern     Challenge
Religious Diffusion  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bd5hvXgI_bQ  Focus on geography and location
EXIT CARD   Answer in packet   How has North Africa’s location contributed to    cultural diffusion?
American Culture   In partners, make a book of American culture   Define American culture for a foreigner     Language ...
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Lesson 1 The Culture of North Africa

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Lesson 1 The Culture of North Africa

  1. 1. LESSON 1 THECULTURES OF NORTHAFRICABellringer: What is “culture”?
  2. 2. What is culture? What is American culture? How do we define it?
  3. 3. Open books to page 63 Read first paragraph
  4. 4. What is Culture? What is culture?  Culture is the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs  Many elements: food, clothing, homes, jobs, language, religion, architecture  Worldviews
  5. 5. Islam in North Africa Islam in North Africa  Religion is a large part of North Africa’s culture  95% are Muslim
  6. 6. Muslim Beliefs Beliefs  One God (Allah)  Prophet Muhammad  Quran = sacred book  Prohibits gambling, alcohol, pork, lying, stealing, murder  Terrorists use word “martyr” because suicide is a sin  Islamic law is called Sharia law  Mosque
  7. 7. 5 Pillars of Islam Iman or Faith  Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophet hood of Muhammad Salah or Prayer  Establishment of the daily prayers Zakah or Almsgiving  Concern for and almsgiving to the needy Sawm or Fasting  Self-purification through fasting Hajj or Pilgrimage  The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able.
  8. 8. Unifies the People Islam Unifies the People  Islam and Arabic language  Ethnic group; people who share language, religion, or cultural traditions  Different ethnic groups in North Africa
  9. 9. Cultural Changes Cultural Changes  Changes brought on by travel  Sharing customs and ideas  Cultural diffusion; spread of culture  Location plays a role in diffusion  North Africa is connected to three continents  Hub of trade  Conquests
  10. 10. North Africa’s LocationMeeting point of Africa, Asia, and Europe
  11. 11. Preserving Culture Preserving Culture  Concerned they are becoming too modern  Challenge
  12. 12. Religious Diffusion http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bd5hvXgI_bQ Focus on geography and location
  13. 13. EXIT CARD Answer in packet How has North Africa’s location contributed to cultural diffusion?
  14. 14. American Culture In partners, make a book of American culture Define American culture for a foreigner  Language  Religion  Food  Traditions/Customs  Family Life

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