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Lesson 1 Post War Problems


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Lesson 1 Post War Problems

  1. 1. Lesson 1 Post-Revolution ProblemsBellringer: What problems do you think plagued the US after the American Revolutionary War was won?
  2. 2. “These things happened. They were glorious and they changed the world... and then we screwed up the endgame.” - Charlie Wilson
  3. 3. Back Story CIA led a covert operation against the Russian invasion in Afghanistan in the 1980’s. The operation successfully pushed the Russian troops out of Afghanistan, but following the victory, the US failed to help establish any infrastructure in the country. An extremist group, the Taliban, came in and filled the power void, starting an oppressive, militant regime which lasted until 2001. “These things happened. They were glorious and they changed the world... and then we screwed up the endgame.” Revolutions are hard and often fail. Why did America succeed?
  4. 4. Guiding Questions Guiding Questions  What type of government was set up following the American Revolution?  What was the country like following the Revolution? Keep in mind during lecture
  5. 5. Discussion: John Locke What kind of government is best? Why do we need government? How do we create it?  Founding Fathers studied philosophers and history when coming up a government  Locke and Two Treaties of Government  “State of Nature”; a condition in which no government or laws existed What would a “state of nature” look like?
  6. 6. Discussion: John Locke What would life look like in a state of nature?  What might be some advantages and disadvantages?  What rights, if any, do you expect to have?  How would human nature fit into this model?  What would daily life be like?
  7. 7. Locke’s Discovery Imagining a state of nature helped Locke imagine the best type of government for all.  Came up with life, liberty , and property  Natural rights; have these rights simply because they are human  Locke felt the best way to govern and still protect natural rights was to live under a government and giver that government the power to make and enforce laws  Power derived from the people  “Social Contract”  Give up all rights for security What rights do we give up? How much should we give up?
  8. 8. Post-War Problems 13 very different states made up the US Each state had their own constitution  May 1176, the Continental Congress requested all the states draft their own constitutions  All made different constitutions
  9. 9. State Constitutions The states were very wary of one party having too much power  Drafted constitution to limit power in the hands of a single ruler  Pennsylvania set up a council of 12  States divided power between the governor (or executive leader) and the legislature (i.e. the Congress)  Hosted frequent elections
  10. 10. State Constitutions States included similar themes  Natural rights  Social contract  Popular sovereignty; people are the highest authority  Representation; elected officials  Separation of power  Checks and balances
  11. 11. Problems System was not working Going from dependent colonies to self- governing states created problems  Even harder to create a unified, national government States wanted a republic; basically the head of state is not a monarch  Favored weak national government; states would be like small, independent countries
  12. 12. Fixing the Problems 2nd Continental Congress appointed a committee to plan a national government  Adopted the Articles of Confederation  US’ first constitution  Approved March 1, 1781  Created the Confederation Congress as the national government; very limited authority
  13. 13. How did the new governmentwork? Only set up a Congress This congress could only approve things with approval from the states Each state had1 vote and Confederation Congress needed 9 votes to pass
  14. 14. Problems with ConfederationCongress No money or power to raise money No power over states or citizens  Not following Locke  No one giving up any power
  15. 15. What COULD they DO? “Firm League of Friendship”; each state remained independent  National government would conduct foreign affairs, maintain armed forces, borrow money, and issue currency  It could NOT regulate trade, draft to the military, or impose taxes  Could ask states for money, but there was no chief officer to enforce
  16. 16. Still Fixing the Problems Other issues  All states had 1 vote, but bigger states wanted more say The national government was weak  9 states to pass a law  Too weak to deal with problems Financial issues, worthless money, unable to collect taxes, food prices rose, riots, debt Confederation asked states to revise the Articles to allow the Congress the power to tax  Needed all 13 states to revise Articles  Did not pass
  17. 17. More Issues Great Britain still occupied the Great Lakes region  Kept America out of global trade  Spain closed shipping to lower Mississippi Depression, limited trade, limited agriculture due to war damages
  18. 18. Too Weak Confederation could do little to deal with the problems  “Little more that the shadow without substance.” Farmers could not sell goods  States seized their lands when they couldn’t pay taxes  Led to rebellions
  19. 19. Shay’s Rebellion Massachusetts Daniel Shay led an armed mob and closed the courts in the city. Fought the state militia
  20. 20. Shay’s RebellionWorrisome; the government was losing control Country could fall to widespread anarchy Could a country continue if it couldn’t maintain law and order?
  21. 21. Slavery Issues Forced contradiction between liberty and enslavement  11 states outlawed slavery, but the southern economy was still dependent  Quakers = abolitionists  People began questioning the Federal government
  22. 22. Starting Over Failed revolutions: Russia and France Read article about revolutions: Failed revolutions: Mao’s China, Lenin’s Russia, Khomeini’s Iran. Is Egypt next?
  23. 23. Questions EXIT CARD Why couldn’t the Articles of Confederation work according to Locke? Guiding Questions
  24. 24. Primary Sources Read Articles of Confederation  In partners  Summarize Articles Discuss