Example of ABC poem - author unknown
A lthough things are not perfect
B ecause of trial or pain
C ontinue in thanksgiving
D o not begin to blame
E ven when the times are hard
F ierce winds are bound to blow
Example of Allegory
The Faerie Queene
by Edmund Spenser
Lo I the man, whose Muse whilome did maske,
As time her taught, in lowly Shepheards weeds,
Am now enforst a far vnfitter taske,
For trumpets sterne to chaunge mine Oaten reeds,
And sing of Knights and Ladies gentle deeds;
Whose prayses hauing slept in silence long,
Me, all too meane, the sacred Muse areeds
To blazon broad emongst her learned throng:
Fierce warres and faithfull loues shall moralize my song.
Example of Name Poem
Nicky is a Nurse
It's her chosen career
Children or Old folks
Kindness in abundance
Year after year
7. Different Types of Poetry
• Narrative Poetry: Narrative poems tell
stories in verse. A number of them are
very old and were originally intended to be
recited to audiences
– Homer's "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey".
– Ballads are a type of narrative poetry
8. Narrative Poems
• Ballad: A short narrative poem with stanzas of two or
four lines and usually a refrain.
– The story of a ballad can originate from a wide range of subject
matter but most frequently deals with folk-lore or popular
– They are written in straight-forward verse, seldom with detail, but
always with graphic simplicity and force.
– Most ballads are suitable for singing and, while sometimes
varied in practice, are generally written in ballad meter, i.e.,
alternating lines of iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter, with
the last words of the second and fourth lines rhyming.
– Major part of oral tradition
9. Ballad Example
Ballad of the Cool Fountain
Fountain, coolest fountain,
Cool fountain of love,
Where all the sweet birds comeFor comforting-but one,
A widow turtledove,
At once the nightingale,
That wicked bird, came by,
And spoke these honied words:
"My lady, if you will,I shall be your slave.“
"You are my enemy:
Begone, you are not true!“
Green boughs no longer rest me,
Nor any budding grove.
Clear springs, where there are such,
Turn muddy at my touch.
I want no spouse to love
Nor any children either.
I forego that pleasure and their comfort too.
No, leave me; you are false
And wicked-vile, untrue!
I'll never be your mistress
!I'll never marry you!
10. Ballad Exmaples
A narrative poem: "The Broken-Legg'd
Man" by John Mackey Shaw
11. Lyric Poetry
• Lyric poetry typically describes the poet's
innermost feelings or candid observations
and evokes a musical quality in its sounds
• Lyric poems exhibit an endless variety of
12. Different Types of Lyrical Poetry
• Lyric poems focus on the sound and rhythm
• Haiku: a lyric, unrhymed poem of Japanese
origin with seventeen syllables divided into three
– It is usually on the subject of nature and humans'
relationship to nature.
The moon is a week old -
A dandelion to blow
Scattering star seed.
13. Haiku Format
I am first with five
Then seven in the middle --
Five again to end.
14. Different Types of Lyrical Poetry
• Cinquain: a five-line stanza apparently of
medieval origin, often with two, four, six, eight,
and two syllables respectively in the five lines.
With faint dry sound,
Like steps of passing ghosts,
The leaves, frost-crisp'd, break from the trees
15. Different Types of Lyrical Poetry
• Sonnet: a very old form of poetry, having
gained prominence during the
Renaissance, but not found much in
poetry for children.
– It contains fourteen lines, each line with five
iambic feet (or ten syllables).
– Shakespeare wrote Sonnets
16. Sonnet Example
OH for a poet -- for a beacon bright
To rift this changeless glimmer of dead gray;
To spirit back the Muses, long astray,
And flush Parnassus with a newer light;
To put these little sonnet-men to flight
Who fashion, in a shrewd, mechanic way,
Songs without souls, that flicker for a day,
To vanish in irrevocable night.
What does it mean, this barren age of ours?
Here are the men, the women, and the flowers,
The seasons, and the sunset, as before.
What does it mean? Shall not one bard arise
To wrench one banner from the western skies,
And mark it with his name forevermore?
17. Different Types of Lyrical Poetry
• Limerick: a five-line humorous poem, the
first, second, and fifth lines rhyming and
the third and fourth lines rhyming.
– It is one of the most popular poetic forms
– The fun of the limerick lies in its rollicking
rhythm and its broad humor
18. Limerick Example
Imagine a skunk who proposes,
To his true love, surrounded by roses.
It may turn out just fine,
When she falls for his line,
But I wonder if flowers have noses?
19. Different Types of Lyrical Poetry
• Free Verse: adhering to no predetermined
rules, but usually with its own intricate
patterns of rhyme and rhythm
– It requires the same thoughtful choice of
words and rhythmical patterns as the more
rigid stanza forms.
20. Free Verse
by Robert Louis Stevenson
I have a little shadow that goes in and out with me,
And what can be the use of him is more than I can see.
He is very, very like me from the heels up to the head;
And I see him jump before me, when I jump into my bed.
The funniest thing about him is the way he likes to grow--
Not at all like proper children, which is always very slow;
For he sometimes shoots up taller like an india-rubber ball,
And he sometimes goes so little that there's none of him at all.
He hasn't got a notion of how children ought to play,
And can only make a fool of me in every sort of way.
He stays so close behind me, he's a coward you can see;
I'd think shame to stick to nursie as that shadow sticks to me!
One morning, very early, before the sun was up,
I rose and found the shining dew on every buttercup;
But my lazy little shadow, like an arrant sleepy-head,
Had stayed at home behind me and was fast asleep in bed.
21. Free Verse
Some kind of attraction that is neither
Animal, vegetable, nor mineral, a power not
Solar, fusion, or magnetic
And it is all in my head that
I could see into his
And find myself sitting there.
22. Different Types of Lyrical Poetry
• Concrete Poetry: The words of a poem
are arranged to form a pictorial
representation of the poem's subject.
23. Other Types
• Poems can be lyrical or narrative and
• An Epic is a long narrative poem
celebrating the adventures and
achievements of a hero
– Epics deal with the traditions, mythical or
historical, of a nations
– Beowulf, The Iliad and the Odyssey, and
24. Other Types
• Ode: An Ode is a poem praising and glorifying a
person, place or thing
• “Ode” comes from the Greek word “oide”
meaning “to sing or chant.”
Ode to a Goldfish
25. Ode Example
Ode to Aphrodite
Deathless Aphrodite, throned in flowers,
Daughter of Zeus, O terrible enchantress,
With this sorrow, with this anguish, break my spirit
Lady, not longer!
Hear anew the voice! O hear and listen!
Come, as in that island dawn thou camest,
Billowing in thy yoked car to Sappho
Forth from thy father's
Golden house in pity! ...
26. Other Types
• Poems can be satirical, political,
• Poems can pretty much be whatever you
want or need
• Different parts of the world all have their
own form of poetry
• Written, spoken, to music
• Write your own ode
• Choose someone or something to write an
• Open format
28. Name That Poem
What Type of Poem Is It???
GIVE him the darkest inch your shelf allows,
Hide him in lonely garrets, if you will, --
But his hard, human pulse is throbbing still
With the sure strength that fearless truth endows.
In spite of all fine science disavows,
Of his plain excellence and stubborn skill
There yet remains what fashion cannot kill,
Though years have thinned the laurel from his brows.
Whether or not we read him, we can feel
From time to time the vigor of his name
Against us like a finger for the shame
And emptiness of what our souls reveal
In books that are as altars where we kneel
To consecrate the flicker, not the flame.
36. Name That Poem
It was many and may a year ago,
In a kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know
By the name of ANNABEL LEE;
And this maiden she lived with no other thought
Than to love and be loved by me.
I was a child and she was a child,
In this kingdom by the sea;
But we loved with a love that was more than love-
I and my Annabel Lee;
With a love that the winged seraphs of heaven
Coveted her and me.
And this was the reason that, long ago,
In this kingdom by the sea,
A wind blew out of a cloud, chilling
My beautiful Annabel Lee;
So that her highborn kinsman came
And bore her away from me,
To shut her up in a sepulchre
In this kingdom by the sea.
The angels, not half so happy in heaven,
Went envying her and me-
Yes!- that was the reason (as all men know,
In this kingdom by the sea)
That the wind came out of the cloud by night,
Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee.
But our love it was stronger by far than the love
Of those who were older than we-
Of many far wiser than we-
And neither the angels in heaven above,
Nor the demons down under the sea,
Can ever dissever my soul from the soul
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee.
For the moon never beams without bringing me dreams
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise but I feel the bright eyes
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
Of my darling- my darling- my life and my bride,
In the sepulchre there by the sea,
In her tomb by the sounding sea.
38. Name That Poem
My game face is blue.
I must put it back on, see
How much of my glory was real
And how much fever.
I see drawn eyes, too much marring,
A suit of swan feathers
Without the matching shape.
And however I imagine lights,
No straw spins to gold.
I see as I have been seen,
Not radiant, but ashine in hope
Yet to see a finish.
40. Name That Poem
typhoons are not that strong
sometimes the narrative tree
they behave like has everything
critics, passing by an to offer
island, saying, hey you gentle, and soft
are not an island after and conversational
all, you are just a hill
fit for a Bollywood but he wants to deny
scene this kind of tree
I am in that island there is no such
feeling some itch thing as that
of its breeze, but i was too and this
climbing one oh my, what a man
of the narrative trees he is
there structured in his cage
and he asks that he is meant to
is there such a thing be free
as a narrative tree? from the shackles of
i crack the nut his verse
and drink the clouds from the narrow alleys
there of his
and he is filled with rhyme
awe, goodness, we do not
he gets itchy even try
and scratches grafting the metaphors
all the skins
and even the bones i love it here
he rattles like this island where i touch
a snake him not
and wants to bite but he touches me
that is envy.
• Do you think Frost intended the y in
yellow (line 1) to suggest the diverging
2. What is undergrowth (line 5)?
3. Does curiosity motivate the speaker
when he makes his choice?
4. Write a 2 paragraph response about a
time when you took a less-traveled road.
44. The Road Not Taken
• "The Road Not Taken" is a lyric poem with four stanzas of five lines
each. (A lyric poem presents the feelings and emotions of the poet
rather than telling a story or presenting a witty observation.)
• Background: Frost sets the poem on a forest road on an autumn
morning. He received inspiration for the poem from the landscape in
rural Gloucestershire, England. While living in Great Britain from
1912 to 1915, Frost and his family had rented a cottage, Little
Iddens, near Dymock, Gloucestershire, in the summer of 1914
• Rhyme Scheme
– The rhyme scheme of the poem is as follows: (1) abaab, (2) cdccd, (3)
efeef, (4) ghggh.
– All of the end rhymes are masculine—that is, each consists of a single
syllable. (You may have noticed that the last word of the poem,
difference, has more than one syllable. However, only the last syllable
completes the rhyme with hence in line 22. Therefore, masculine rhyme
45. The Road Not Taken
• Which Is the Road Not Taken?
• You may have noticed that the title of the
poem can refer to either road. Here's why:
The speaker takes the road "less traveled"
(line 19). In other words, he chooses the
road not taken by most other travelers.
However, when he chooses this less-
traveled road, the other road then
becomes the road not taken.
• .......The speaker chooses to go his own way, taking the “road less
traveled” (line 19).
• .......Before deciding to take the "road less traveled" (line 19), the
speaker takes time to consider the other road. He says, "[L]ong I
stood / And looked down one as far as I could" (lines 3-4).
• .......The speaker does not have second thoughts after making his
• Accepting a Challenge
• .......It may be that the road the speaker chooses is less traveled
because it presents trials or perils. Such challenges seem to appeal
to the speaker.