Speeches

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Speeches

  1. 1.  Nonfiction Oral Audience Types: political, address, sermon
  2. 2.  Government/politics Persuasion Example: Revolutionary War speakers = Patrick Henry, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine
  3. 3.  Formal Honors an occasion or the speaker Example: Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address” -Dedicated a military cemetery during the Civil War
  4. 4.  Based on scriptural text Provides religious or moral instruction Example: Jonathan Edwards’ “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”
  5. 5.  Speech or writing that tries to get the audience to think or act in a certain way
  6. 6.  The methods a speaker or writer uses to appeal to the audience Types: logical appeal, emotional appeal, ethical appeal
  7. 7.  Argument based on evidence (facts, statistics, expert testimony)
  8. 8.  Attempts to arouse the audience’s feelings Uses words that evoke an emotional response (positive or negative)
  9. 9.  Directed at audience’s sense of morality or values Linked to trustworthiness and moral character of the speaker
  10. 10.  Special patterns of words and ideas that create emphasis and stir the audience’s emotions Types: repetition, restatement, parallelism, antithesis, rhetorical questions
  11. 11.  1736-1799 United colonists to fight Britain for independence Opposed Stamp Act  Required colonists to pay taxes on every piece of printed paper they used Most famous speech = “Speech in the Virginia Convention”  Argued for armed resistance to England  Led to signing of Declaration of Independence

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