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  1. 1. Lyric Poetry<br />Two Types<br /> Pastorals Sonnets<br />
  2. 2. Pastorals<br />Shepherds<br />Rural life<br />City vs. Country<br />
  3. 3. Pastorals<br />Idealized view of country life- not realistic<br />Innocence/Serenity<br />of a simple life<br /> vs.<br />Misery/Corruption<br />of a city/court life<br />
  4. 4. Pastoral Topics<br />Love and seduction<br />Value of poetry<br />Death and mourning<br />Corruption of city/court<br />Purity of country life<br />Satire of politics<br />
  5. 5. Types of Pastorals<br />Conversation between:<br />Shepherd and<br /> shepherdess he loves<br /> (his attempt to seduce her)<br />2 shepherds (“singing contest”)<br />Lamentation<br />Praise<br />Complaints of lovesick shepherd<br />
  6. 6. Common Pastoral Themes<br />Link between love & delights of youth/nature<br />Relationship of love to time<br />Time stops for lovers<br />Time/change = love’s enemy<br />(youth  age)<br />Carpe diem<br />(“seize the day”)<br />
  7. 7. Christopher Marlowe<br />1564-1593<br />Playwright, poet<br />Scoundrel, ladies’ man, hothead<br />Knifed to death in a bar fight<br />Unpaid bill?<br />Government spy?<br />
  8. 8. What are we looking for?<br />Speaker of poem?<br />Addressed to what/whom?<br />Discussing what/whom?<br />Theme?<br />Realistic or idealistic?<br />
  9. 9. “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love”- Christopher Marlowe<br />A gown made of the finest wool<br />Which from our pretty lambs we pull; <br />Fair lined slippers for the cold, <br />With buckles of the purest gold; <br />A belt of straw and ivy buds, <br />With coral clasps and amber studs: <br />And if these pleasures may thee move, <br />Come live with me and be my love. <br />The shepherds' swains shall dance & sing <br />For thy delight each May morning: <br />If these delights thy mind may move, <br />Then live with me and be my love.<br />Come live with me and be my love,<br />And we will all the pleasures prove<br />That valleys, groves, hills, and fields,<br />Woods, or steepy mountain yields.<br />And we will sit upon the rocks,<br />Seeing the shepherds feed their flocks,<br />By shallow rivers to whose falls<br />Melodious birds sing madrigals.<br />And I will make thee beds of roses<br />And a thousand fragrant posies,<br />A cap of flowers, and a kirtle<br />Embroidered all with leaves of myrtle;<br />
  10. 10. What are we looking for?<br />Speaker of poem? Shepherd<br />Addressed to what/whom? His love, shepherdess<br />Discussing what/whom? Shepherdess to come live with him in harmony with nature<br />Theme? Link between love & delights of nature, carpe diem<br />Realistic or idealistic? Idealistic- the world he describes does not exist<br />
  11. 11. Sir Walter Raleigh<br />1554?-1618<br />Navigator, poet, historian<br />1584- established Virginia colony<br />Drama!<br />Secret marriage<br />Imprisoned in Tower of London, released<br />Conspiracy against King James I<br />Imprisoned in Tower of London- 13 years!<br />Seeks gold in Venezuela<br />Fights Spain against orders, son dies<br />Forced back to England, executed for disobedience<br />
  12. 12. What are we looking for?<br />Speaker of poem?<br />Addressed to what/whom?<br />Discussing what/whom?<br />Theme?<br />Realistic or idealistic?<br />
  13. 13. “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd”- Sir Walter Raleigh<br />Thy gowns, thy shoes, thy beds of Roses, <br />Thy cap, thy kirtle, and thy posies <br />Soon break, soon wither, soon forgotten: <br />In folly ripe, in reason rotten. <br />Thy belt of straw and Ivy buds, <br />The Coral clasps and amber studs, <br />All these in me no means can move <br />To come to thee and be thy love. <br />But could youth last, and love still breed, <br />Had joys no date, nor age no need, <br />Then these delights my mind might move <br />To live with thee, and be thy love.<br />If all the world and love were young, <br />And truth in every Shepherd’s tongue, <br />These pretty pleasures might me move, <br />To live with thee, and be thy love. <br />Time drives the flocks from field to fold, <br />When Rivers rage and Rocks grow cold, <br />And Philomel becometh dumb, <br />The rest complains of cares to come. <br />The flowers do fade, and wanton fields, <br />To wayward winter reckoning yields, <br />A honey tongue, a heart of gall, <br />Is fancy’s spring, but sorrow’s fall. <br />
  14. 14. What are we looking for?<br />Speaker of poem? Nymph (shepherdess)<br />Addressed to what/whom? Shepherd<br />Discussing what/whom? Turning down his proposal to live with him<br /><ul><li>Theme? Change = love’s enemy, carpe diem</li></ul>Realistic or idealistic? Realistic<br />