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  1. 1. HAMLET<br />
  2. 2. The Renaissance Movement<br />Italy<br />Religious devotion Human’s place on Earth<br />England<br />
  3. 3. The English Renaissance: 1485-1660<br />Tudor Period: 1485-1558<br /> -King Henry VIII<br /> -Edward I<br /> -Mary I<br />Elizabethan Age/Period<br />(High Renaissance):<br />1558-1603<br />Jacobean Age/Period: 1603-1625<br />
  4. 4. The Elizabethan Age/Period: The High Renaissance: 1558-1603<br /><ul><li>Reign of Queen Elizabeth I
  5. 5. arts
  6. 6. The theatre becomes extremely popular
  7. 7. William Shakespeare emerges as a playwright and poet
  8. 8. Starts as an actor
  9. 9. Eventually becomes a financially</li></ul>successful playwright who owns<br />a controlling interest in his own theatre (The Globe)<br />
  10. 10. Elizabethan Theatre I<br /><ul><li>If you were a writer during this period and wanted to tell a story, you either:
  11. 11. wrote a long narrative poem
  12. 12. wrote plays
  13. 13. Shakespeare did both, but he</li></ul>made his real money investing<br />in the theatre<br /><ul><li>The majority of plays were written</li></ul>mostly in verse (poetry)<br /><ul><li>Plays appeared in many genres
  14. 14. Tragedy
  15. 15. Comedy
  16. 16. History
  17. 17. Romance (adventure)</li></li></ul><li>Elizabethan Theatre II<br />Day performances, bearbaiting<br />Roles were played by male actors, which means boys were taking on the parts of women<br />Little scenery was used; plays were not concerned about realism or consistency<br />
  18. 18. Jacobean Theatre<br />Theatre continues much the same as it was in the Elizabethan Age<br />Revenge tragedies like Hamlet become very popular<br />
  19. 19. The Tragedy of Hamlet, I<br />A revenge tragedy, possibly written in 1602 & published in 1624.<br />Characters:<br /><ul><li>Prince Hamlet
  20. 20. Ghost of Old Hamlet – Former king, Hamlet’s father
  21. 21. King Claudius – Hamlet’s uncle and stepfather, Gertrude’s husband
  22. 22. Queen Gertrude – Hamlet’s mother, widow of Old Hamlet, married Claudius just before the start of the play</li></ul>Hamlet<br />Gertrude and Claudius<br />Hamlet and Ghost<br />
  23. 23. The Tragedy of Hamlet, II<br />More Characters:<br /><ul><li>Polonius – Advisor to King Claudius
  24. 24. Laertes – Son of Polonius, attends university in France, returns home for a funeral
  25. 25. Ophelia – Daughter of Polonius, probably somewhere between 14 and 19 years of age
  26. 26. Horatio – Hamlet’s best friend, visiting from university
  27. 27. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern – childhood friends of Hamlet</li></ul>Ophelia and Polonius<br />Laertes<br />
  28. 28. Hamlet: Important Plot Points<br />Imagine you are Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, maybe just 16 years old…<br /><ul><li>Your father is an incredible king, a military hero whom you adore.
  29. 29. You are closer to your mother Gertrude, a beautiful queen who raised you herself, than to anyone.</li></li></ul><li>Hamlet: Important Plot Points, I<br /><ul><li>When you are away at school the King suddenly dies…
  30. 30. Arriving home for the funeral, you discover that your uncle Claudius, the new king, has married your mother!
  31. 31. Soon, a ghost appears who looks just like your father and says that your uncle killed him! The ghost, your late father, demands that you avenge his murder.</li></li></ul><li>Hamlet: Important Plot Points, II<br /><ul><li>But your uncle is now the King and it is medieval times…
  32. 32. The King is the government
  33. 33. No courts, attorneys- no legal options!
  34. 34. Mother can’t help- wives must obey their husbands
  35. 35. Claudius is not a bad king: he’s popular among the people.
  36. 36. Devil = force out in the world ready to deceive and tempt one to sin. Is the ghost a devil, a demon sent from Hell?</li></li></ul><li>Hamlet: Questions to Consider, I<br />Why does Hamlet not succeed his father on the throne?<br /><ul><li>In Denmark at this time, the government is not a hereditary monarchy but an elective one.</li></ul>A council selected Claudius as successor,<br />not Prince Hamlet. <br /><ul><li>While Hamlet seems to have accepted this situation, we can imagine it could cause friction between Hamlet and his uncle.</li></li></ul><li>Hamlet: Questions to Consider, II<br />How old is Hamlet?<br /><ul><li>Prince Hamlet has been recalled from university in Wittenberg (Germany) for his father's funeral. Is Hamlet somewhere between sixteen and twenty (the appropriate college age for a male noble of his time),</li></ul> or is he thirty (a graduate student)?<br /> This age question presents a problem: Is Hamlet more of an adolescent, teenager? That age makes some of his behavior make more sense.<br />
  37. 37. Hamlet: Motifs(Repeated Ideas, Words, Images, Symbols)<br />Revenge <br />Poison <br />Suicide/Death (Dust/Dirt) <br />(Violent) Sexual Imagery and Oedipus Myth (Incest)<br />Imagery of Weeds/Compost & Sterility <br />Thinking/Contemplation (Inaction) vs. Acting/Action (Philosopher vs. Warrior)<br />Appearance/Illusion vs. Reality<br />Certainty vs. Uncertainty Vs. <br />Trust vs. Distrust <br />Honesty/Truth vs. Dishonesty (Deception/Spying) <br />Misogyny (Note: Hamlet’s hateful attitude toward women as exemplified in his treatment of Ophelia and Gertrude)<br />
  38. 38. Uncertainty, Insecurity, Change, I<br />Hamlet raises these existential questions:<br /><ul><li>In a world of uncertainty, in a world where things are not often what the appear to be, what & whom can I trust?
  39. 39. Who am I?
  40. 40. What is my purpose? How can I know?</li></li></ul><li>Uncertainty, Insecurity, Change, II<br />Religious Turmoil, uncertainty<br /><ul><li>The division of the church in England divided the people into Catholics & Protestants.
  41. 41. Assassination attempts on Elizabeth & James resulted in cruel and brutal retaliations.</li>