Shakespeare did both, but he</li></ul>made his real money investing<br />in the theatre<br /><ul><li>The majority of plays were written</li></ul>mostly in verse (poetry)<br /><ul><li>Plays appeared in many genres
Romance (adventure)</li></li></ul><li>Elizabethan Theatre II<br />Day performances, bearbaiting<br />Roles were played by male actors, which means boys were taking on the parts of women<br />Little scenery was used; plays were not concerned about realism or consistency<br />
Jacobean Theatre<br />Theatre continues much the same as it was in the Elizabethan Age<br />Revenge tragedies like Hamlet become very popular<br />
The Tragedy of Hamlet, I<br />A revenge tragedy, possibly written in 1602 & published in 1624.<br />Characters:<br /><ul><li>Prince Hamlet
Ghost of Old Hamlet – Former king, Hamlet’s father
King Claudius – Hamlet’s uncle and stepfather, Gertrude’s husband
Queen Gertrude – Hamlet’s mother, widow of Old Hamlet, married Claudius just before the start of the play</li></ul>Hamlet<br />Gertrude and Claudius<br />Hamlet and Ghost<br />
The Tragedy of Hamlet, II<br />More Characters:<br /><ul><li>Polonius – Advisor to King Claudius
Laertes – Son of Polonius, attends university in France, returns home for a funeral
Ophelia – Daughter of Polonius, probably somewhere between 14 and 19 years of age
Horatio – Hamlet’s best friend, visiting from university
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern – childhood friends of Hamlet</li></ul>Ophelia and Polonius<br />Laertes<br />
Hamlet: Important Plot Points<br />Imagine you are Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, maybe just 16 years old…<br /><ul><li>Your father is an incredible king, a military hero whom you adore.
You are closer to your mother Gertrude, a beautiful queen who raised you herself, than to anyone.</li></li></ul><li>Hamlet: Important Plot Points, I<br /><ul><li>When you are away at school the King suddenly dies…
Arriving home for the funeral, you discover that your uncle Claudius, the new king, has married your mother!
Soon, a ghost appears who looks just like your father and says that your uncle killed him! The ghost, your late father, demands that you avenge his murder.</li></li></ul><li>Hamlet: Important Plot Points, II<br /><ul><li>But your uncle is now the King and it is medieval times…
Mother can’t help- wives must obey their husbands
Claudius is not a bad king: he’s popular among the people.
Devil = force out in the world ready to deceive and tempt one to sin. Is the ghost a devil, a demon sent from Hell?</li></li></ul><li>Hamlet: Questions to Consider, I<br />Why does Hamlet not succeed his father on the throne?<br /><ul><li>In Denmark at this time, the government is not a hereditary monarchy but an elective one.</li></ul>A council selected Claudius as successor,<br />not Prince Hamlet. <br /><ul><li>While Hamlet seems to have accepted this situation, we can imagine it could cause friction between Hamlet and his uncle.</li></li></ul><li>Hamlet: Questions to Consider, II<br />How old is Hamlet?<br /><ul><li>Prince Hamlet has been recalled from university in Wittenberg (Germany) for his father's funeral. Is Hamlet somewhere between sixteen and twenty (the appropriate college age for a male noble of his time),</li></ul> or is he thirty (a graduate student)?<br /> This age question presents a problem: Is Hamlet more of an adolescent, teenager? That age makes some of his behavior make more sense.<br />
Hamlet: Motifs(Repeated Ideas, Words, Images, Symbols)<br />Revenge <br />Poison <br />Suicide/Death (Dust/Dirt) <br />(Violent) Sexual Imagery and Oedipus Myth (Incest)<br />Imagery of Weeds/Compost & Sterility <br />Thinking/Contemplation (Inaction) vs. Acting/Action (Philosopher vs. Warrior)<br />Appearance/Illusion vs. Reality<br />Certainty vs. Uncertainty Vs. <br />Trust vs. Distrust <br />Honesty/Truth vs. Dishonesty (Deception/Spying) <br />Misogyny (Note: Hamlet’s hateful attitude toward women as exemplified in his treatment of Ophelia and Gertrude)<br />
Uncertainty, Insecurity, Change, I<br />Hamlet raises these existential questions:<br /><ul><li>In a world of uncertainty, in a world where things are not often what the appear to be, what & whom can I trust?
What is my purpose? How can I know?</li></li></ul><li>Uncertainty, Insecurity, Change, II<br />Religious Turmoil, uncertainty<br /><ul><li>The division of the church in England divided the people into Catholics & Protestants.
Assassination attempts on Elizabeth & James resulted in cruel and brutal retaliations.</li>