19th Century Lit

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19th Century Lit

  1. 1. 1800-1870
  2. 2. Physical Growth 1800: US = 16 states 1803: Louisiana Purchase doubles size Improved transportation: canals, turnpikes, railroads, steamboats, etc.
  3. 3. Democratic Growth Americans take more control of government “Era of the Common Man” – Andrew Jackson  Property requirements for voting eliminated  Still restricted to white males
  4. 4. American Literature Romanticism  NOT necessarily about love!  Imagination > Reason Intuition > Fact  Nature
  5. 5. Washington Irving 1783-1859 Romantic writer Began studying law at 16 but was more interested in traveling and writing  Explored New York’s Hudson Valley, Europe
  6. 6. Washington Irving’s Writing Satirical essays  pen name: Jonathan Oldstyle Magazine: Salmagundi A History of New York from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty  pen name Diedrich Knickerbocker  Funny description of colonial NY society
  7. 7. Washington Irving’s Writing 1815-1832: lived in Europe, learned customs, traditions, folklore  “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”  “Rip Van Winkle”  Both take European tales and rewritten about Americans in the Hudson Valley  Ichabod Crane and Rip Van Winkle = classic figures of American literature  Pen name: Geoffrey Crayon
  8. 8. Washington Irving’s Writing Tales of a Traveler  “The Devil and Tom Walker”  Ill-gotten wealth  Based on German folktale of man selling his soul to the Devil in exchange for earthly possessions
  9. 9. “The Devil and Tom Walker” Omniscient Point of View  narrator stands outside the action  details about the thoughts and feelings of ALL characters  narrator’s commentary about events in story Direct vs. Indirect Characterization  Direct = narrator tells the reader what the character is like  Indirect = personality traits revealed through words, thoughts, actions of characters
  10. 10. “The Devil and Tom Walker” Cultural attitudes of New Englanders  Colonists’ belief in Devil  References to Native Americans as “savages”

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