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Peace Symbols
Essential Question

Why was winning the
French and Indian
War the beginning of
conflict for the British
and the colonists...
Essential Question

What is independence?
Essential Questions

How did taxation
without representation
further contribute to the
struggle for
independence?
Essential Question

Why was the Declaration
of Independence a
“revolutionary” document?
Essential Question

What were the strengths
and weaknesses of the
Patriots and the British
during the American
Revolution...
Essential Questions

Did the Declaration
of Independence
establish the
foundation of the
American
Government?
Prior

What did the Battles
of Lexington and
Concord suggest
about how the war
would be waged?
John Adams

“The Revolution was in
the minds of the people,
and this was effected from
1760 to 1775…before a
drop of bloo...
Chapter 6

The Second Continental
Congress met in
Philadelphia. Members
of Congress looked for a
way to avoid a break
wit...
Chapter 6

Congress sent the
Olive Branch Petition
to King George III.
Congress declared
its loyalty to the King.
Chapter 6

Congress asked the
King to repeal the
Intolerable Acts.
The King was angry.
He ordered more
troops to the col...
Chapter 6

Ethan Allen and the
Green Mountain Boys, a
band of Vermonters,
took Fort Ticonderoga.
They took British
cannon...
Chapter 6

The Second
Continental
Congress
established the
Continental Army.
Battle of Bunker Hill

British troops
controlled Boston.
Colonial militia
surrounded the city.
Across the river from
Bos...
Battle of Bunker Hill

British troops drew near
to attack the colonists.
Two times the colonists
turned back British
att...
Battle of Bunker Hill

With the third attack
the British took
Bunker Hill and
Breed’s Hill, but they
suffered heavy losse...
The Battle of Bunker Hill
showed:

• Americans could fight
bravely.
• The British would not
be easy to defeat.
Homework/Due 12-6-11

1. Read pages 173176
2. Complete page
176 (1-7)
Section 1 Formative
Assessment

When the Second
Continental
Congress first met,
the members were
hoping to...
a)drive the British out of
Boston.
b) establish an independent
empire.
c) crush the revolt.
d) avoid a final break with
Br...
Section 1 Formative
Assessment

One of the
Patriots’
advantages was
that...
a) they were fighting for their
own homes and property.
b) they had an excellent navy.
c) Loyalists were on their
side.
d)...
Foxfire
Gettysburg Address

“Four score and seven
years ago...”

4 X 20 = 80
7+ 80 = 87
1863-87= 1776
 The Battle of Gettysburg was costly on a scale
that is hard to imagine today. Almost as many
soldiers died in combat at ...
“We have it in our
power to begin the
world over again.”

 Common Sense
“Common Sense”

Thomas Paine wrote
Common Sense an
essay——urging the
colonies to declare
independence
“Common Sense”

Paine and other
radicals—people who
want to make drastic
changes in society—
began to think of
creating th...
Stephen Hopkins
"my hand trembles, but
my heart does not."
Declaration of Independence

Richard Henry Lee
introduced a resolution
for independence.
Declaration of Independence

Second Continental
Congress debated the
resolution. Members of
Congress worried that
the Bri...
Declaration of Independence

Congress appointed a
committee to draw up a
formal declaration of
independence.
Thomas Jeff...
Declaration of Independence

The declaration was
read to Congress.
The delegates voted
to accept the
declaration.
Declaration of Independence

The declaration was
printed and signed.
Copies were
distributed through
the colonies
The Declaration of
Independence

Chapter 6, Section 2

Preamble
Introduction; explains that
the declaration will tell why...
The Declaration of Independence

First part—Natural rights
Rights that belong to all
people from birth, such as life,
lib...
The Declaration of Independence

Second part—British wrongs
Great Britain has committed
many wrongs. King George
III disb...
The Declaration of Independence

Third part—
Independence
The colonies are now a
free and independent
nation—the United
S...
Section 2 Formative/Assessment
Chapter 6, Section 2

The essay Common Sense
a)was never printed but was passed on by
word ...
Section 2 Formative/Assessment

According to the Declaration of
Independence, people form governments in
order to
a) make ...
Chapter 6, Section 3

Section 3 Formative Assessment

One reason the Patriots had to retreat often early
in the war was th...
Section 3 Formative Assessment
The American victory at Saratoga was important
because it
a) tricked British General Howe a...
Hardships at Valley Forge

Conditions at Valley
Forge were harsh:
Mid-winter snow,
mud, and slush
Conditions at Valley Forge were
harsh:

Damp, drafty huts;
frozen ground
Soldiers poorly
clothed; some did not
have shoe...
Conditions at Valley Forge were
harsh:

Soldiers suffered
from frostbite and
disease
Poor food
“These are
the times that
try men’s
souls”
You are the
commander of an
army. What
circumstances would
force you to
surrender?
Battle of Yorktown

Cornwallis planned to
conquer Virginia.
American troops under
Lafayette kept
Cornwallis from
succeed...
Battle of Yorktown

Cornwallis was
ordered to send part of
his army to New York.
Instead, he retreated to
Yorktown penins...
Battle of Yorktown

A combined American and
French army trapped
Cornwallis on the
peninsula.
A French fleet kept
Cornwal...
Battle of Yorktown

The American and
French armies laid siege
to Cornwallis’s army,
that is, they surrounded
and blockade...
Battle of Yorktown

The British lost
the Battle of
Yorktown. They
surrendered.
The Treaty of Paris

Congress ratified, or
approved, the Treaty of
Paris on April 15, 1783.
The British recognized
the U...
The Treaty of Paris

The boundaries of the
United States extended
from the Great Lakes to
Florida and from the
Atlantic O...
The Treaty of Paris

Florida was returned to
Spain.
Americans agreed to
ask states to pay
Loyalists for property
they ha...
Geography

Americans were fighting at home on familiar ground. The
British were far from home in unknown territory.

Forei...
Cornwallis’s army marched throughout the
South. How was he finally stopped?

a) Loyalists turned against
him.
b) He sent p...
One provision of the Treaty of Paris was
that

a.)Great Britain recognized the
United States as an
independent nation
b.) ...
Valley Forge
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6
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Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6

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Zolli, 2013

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Social Studies The American Nation chapter 6

  1. 1. Peace Symbols
  2. 2. Essential Question Why was winning the French and Indian War the beginning of conflict for the British and the colonists ?
  3. 3. Essential Question What is independence?
  4. 4. Essential Questions How did taxation without representation further contribute to the struggle for independence?
  5. 5. Essential Question Why was the Declaration of Independence a “revolutionary” document?
  6. 6. Essential Question What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Patriots and the British during the American Revolution?
  7. 7. Essential Questions Did the Declaration of Independence establish the foundation of the American Government?
  8. 8. Prior What did the Battles of Lexington and Concord suggest about how the war would be waged?
  9. 9. John Adams “The Revolution was in the minds of the people, and this was effected from 1760 to 1775…before a drop of blood was drawn at Lexington.”
  10. 10. Chapter 6 The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. Members of Congress looked for a way to avoid a break with Britain.
  11. 11. Chapter 6 Congress sent the Olive Branch Petition to King George III. Congress declared its loyalty to the King.
  12. 12. Chapter 6 Congress asked the King to repeal the Intolerable Acts. The King was angry. He ordered more troops to the colonies.
  13. 13. Chapter 6 Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys, a band of Vermonters, took Fort Ticonderoga. They took British cannons and gunpowder and control of a key route into Canada.
  14. 14. Chapter 6 The Second Continental Congress established the Continental Army.
  15. 15. Battle of Bunker Hill British troops controlled Boston. Colonial militia surrounded the city. Across the river from Boston, minutemen fired on British ships from Bunker Hill.
  16. 16. Battle of Bunker Hill British troops drew near to attack the colonists. Two times the colonists turned back British attacks.
  17. 17. Battle of Bunker Hill With the third attack the British took Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill, but they suffered heavy losses.
  18. 18. The Battle of Bunker Hill showed: • Americans could fight bravely. • The British would not be easy to defeat.
  19. 19. Homework/Due 12-6-11 1. Read pages 173176 2. Complete page 176 (1-7)
  20. 20. Section 1 Formative Assessment When the Second Continental Congress first met, the members were hoping to...
  21. 21. a)drive the British out of Boston. b) establish an independent empire. c) crush the revolt. d) avoid a final break with Britain. Chapter 6, Section 1
  22. 22. Section 1 Formative Assessment One of the Patriots’ advantages was that...
  23. 23. a) they were fighting for their own homes and property. b) they had an excellent navy. c) Loyalists were on their side. d) many colonists were willing to sign up for long periods of time.
  24. 24. Foxfire
  25. 25. Gettysburg Address “Four score and seven years ago...” 4 X 20 = 80 7+ 80 = 87 1863-87= 1776
  26. 26.  The Battle of Gettysburg was costly on a scale that is hard to imagine today. Almost as many soldiers died in combat at the Battle of Gettysburg than during the entire Vietnam Conflict. Almost as many Soldiers were killed, wounded or declared missing from the Battle of Gettysburg than during the entire Vietnam Conflict. A soldier in the civil war had about a 1 in 4 chance surviving. Below are some comparisons to other conflicts and events in American History. 51,112
  27. 27. “We have it in our power to begin the world over again.”  Common Sense
  28. 28. “Common Sense” Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense an essay——urging the colonies to declare independence
  29. 29. “Common Sense” Paine and other radicals—people who want to make drastic changes in society— began to think of creating their own nation.
  30. 30. Stephen Hopkins "my hand trembles, but my heart does not."
  31. 31. Declaration of Independence Richard Henry Lee introduced a resolution for independence.
  32. 32. Declaration of Independence Second Continental Congress debated the resolution. Members of Congress worried that the British could hang them as traitors, people who betray their country.
  33. 33. Declaration of Independence Congress appointed a committee to draw up a formal declaration of independence. Thomas Jefferson wrote the final document for the committee.
  34. 34. Declaration of Independence The declaration was read to Congress. The delegates voted to accept the declaration.
  35. 35. Declaration of Independence The declaration was printed and signed. Copies were distributed through the colonies
  36. 36. The Declaration of Independence Chapter 6, Section 2 Preamble Introduction; explains that the declaration will tell why the colonies want to break from Great Britain.
  37. 37. The Declaration of Independence First part—Natural rights Rights that belong to all people from birth, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Governments exist to protect people’s natural rights.
  38. 38. The Declaration of Independence Second part—British wrongs Great Britain has committed many wrongs. King George III disbanded colonial legislatures, sent troops, and limited colonial trade. The colonists asked for justice but did not get it.
  39. 39. The Declaration of Independence Third part— Independence The colonies are now a free and independent nation—the United States of America.
  40. 40. Section 2 Formative/Assessment Chapter 6, Section 2 The essay Common Sense a)was never printed but was passed on by word of mouth. b) argued that Parliament had a right to make laws for the colonies. c) convinced many people that it was time to separate from Britain. d) urged colonists to remain under British rule. .
  41. 41. Section 2 Formative/Assessment According to the Declaration of Independence, people form governments in order to a) make war and provide jobs. b) make drastic changes in society. c) express their allegiance to a ruler. d) protect their natural rights and liberties.
  42. 42. Chapter 6, Section 3 Section 3 Formative Assessment One reason the Patriots had to retreat often early in the war was that a) Washington had fewer troops than the British. b) the Patriot navy did most of the fighting. c) Nathan Hale gave away Patriot secrets. d) the war moved The Declaration of Independence away from New England. . .
  43. 43. Section 3 Formative Assessment The American victory at Saratoga was important because it a) tricked British General Howe away from Philadelphia. b) revealed the spy Nathan Hale. c) took by surprise a force of Germans fighting for England. d) convinced the French to be an ally of the United States
  44. 44. Hardships at Valley Forge Conditions at Valley Forge were harsh: Mid-winter snow, mud, and slush
  45. 45. Conditions at Valley Forge were harsh: Damp, drafty huts; frozen ground Soldiers poorly clothed; some did not have shoes or coats.
  46. 46. Conditions at Valley Forge were harsh: Soldiers suffered from frostbite and disease Poor food
  47. 47. “These are the times that try men’s souls”
  48. 48. You are the commander of an army. What circumstances would force you to surrender?
  49. 49. Battle of Yorktown Cornwallis planned to conquer Virginia. American troops under Lafayette kept Cornwallis from succeeding.
  50. 50. Battle of Yorktown Cornwallis was ordered to send part of his army to New York. Instead, he retreated to Yorktown peninsula.
  51. 51. Battle of Yorktown A combined American and French army trapped Cornwallis on the peninsula. A French fleet kept Cornwallis from escaping by sea.
  52. 52. Battle of Yorktown The American and French armies laid siege to Cornwallis’s army, that is, they surrounded and blockaded the enemy position.
  53. 53. Battle of Yorktown The British lost the Battle of Yorktown. They surrendered.
  54. 54. The Treaty of Paris Congress ratified, or approved, the Treaty of Paris on April 15, 1783. The British recognized the United States as an independent nation.
  55. 55. The Treaty of Paris The boundaries of the United States extended from the Great Lakes to Florida and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River
  56. 56. The Treaty of Paris Florida was returned to Spain. Americans agreed to ask states to pay Loyalists for property they had lost.
  57. 57. Geography Americans were fighting at home on familiar ground. The British were far from home in unknown territory. Foreign Help Spanish and French forces fought with the Americans. France, the Netherlands, and Spain loaned money. German and Polish officers provided training. Patriotism Patriots gained skill as soldiers. They didn’t give up. Leaders George Washington’s leadership and military skills were so good that he was respected by Americans and British alike
  58. 58. Cornwallis’s army marched throughout the South. How was he finally stopped? a) Loyalists turned against him. b) He sent part of his army to New York, so he didn’t have enough troops. c) French and American armies trapped him on a peninsula in the Chesapeake Bay.
  59. 59. One provision of the Treaty of Paris was that a.)Great Britain recognized the United States as an independent nation b.) the states would pay money to France and Spain for their help. c.) the United States would pay Great Britain for government property.
  60. 60. Valley Forge

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