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Material adaptation

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Material adaptation

  1. 1. Read the informations of the four extreme sports. Match them say which sports they are. 1 2 It is an outdoor sport. A sportman do this It is the sport of flying the human body activity on the mountain generally. It is a through the air using a special jumpsuit physically and mentally demanding which adds surface area to the human sport, one that often tests his/her body to enable a significant increase in lift. strength, endurance, flexibility and balance The expert of the sport fly in close along with mental control. It can be a proximity to surface of mountains or dangerous, for this reason it requires cliffs. The sportman wears knowledge of proper tecniques and usage parachute equipment designed for of special equipments. It gets the adrenalin skydiving.The flight normally ends with a flowing. parachute opening. 3 It is probably the least complicated extreme sport. There's no equipment to buy, no special clothing to wear and no provider services to hire. It's just your body, sailing through the air from dizzying heights and plunging into a body of water below. The sport requires a very high selfefficacy. It’s only for daredevils. 4 It is a surface water sport in which the wave rider rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the him/her towards the shore. Waves suitable for it are primarily found in the ocean.
  2. 2. VOCABULARY 
  3. 3. Adrenalin / Daredevil 
  4. 4. Concept checking questions   Is the adrenalin a chemical in our body?  Do we feel the adrenalin when we are angry, excited or afraid?  Does the adrenalin makes our hearts beat faster?
  5. 5. adrenalin / ədrenəlın (noun)  A chemical produced by your body when you are afraid, angry or excited, which makes your heart beat faster. There’s nothing like a good horror film to get the adrenalin going.
  6. 6. Concept checking questions   Is daredevil term used for a man?  Is a daredevil coward?  Does a daredevil like dangerous thing or safe thing?
  7. 7. daredevil / deədevəl (noun)  Someone who likes doing dangerous thing. Determinedly, he set out to sell himself as a daredevil rider.
  8. 8. Proximity 
  9. 9. Concept checking questions   If there is a proximity between two things , are they distant to each other? Are they close?  Are you in close proximity to your deskmate?
  10. 10. proximity / prɒksımıti (noun)  nearness in distance or time We choose the house for its proximity to the school.
  11. 11. Cliff 
  12. 12. Concept checking questions   Is a cliff an area of a mountain or the ground?  Is a cliff a narrow area? A large area?  Is a cliff flat? Steep?
  13. 13. cliff / klıf (noun)  a large area of rock or mountain with very steep side, often at the edge of the sea or river They pushed the car over the cliff.
  14. 14. Self-efficacy 
  15. 15. Concept checking question   Does self-efficacy come from outside? Inside?  If somebody has self-efficacy, does he believe he will achieve?  Is self-efficacy an important thing in the people’s lives?
  16. 16. self-efficacy / self-efıkəsi (noun)  the belief in one’s capabilties to organize If you want to be a scientist, your self-efficacy must be very high.
  17. 17. Fill in the blanks with the correct words in the table. self-efficacy proximity cliff  daredevil adrenalin We will start with some dancing to get the adrenalin going. (in phrases) The hotel is built on the top of the cliff. (in phrases) The site is in close proximity to an airport. (preposition) Extreme sports are fairly dangerous. So, the experts of the sports called daredevils. To succeed a demanding job, self-efficacy is the most important thing.
  18. 18. READING Original reading text NEWS: Inside the Mind of a Daredevil (Discovery news) Accidents may also occur when the jumper misjudges distance to the ground or other obstacles, like rock formations or mountains, Mei-Dan wrote. Some wingsuit jumpers fly as close as possible to cliffs or trees in a practice called “proximity flying,” further narrowing the margin for error. Emotions can also play a role, Knutson said. “I don‟t (care) if you‟ve got 1,000 wing-suit flights -- if all of a sudden that morning your girlfriend left you, you should not go wing-suit jumping,” Knutson said. “I‟ve seen people die in front of me because they were not paying attention to the mental anguish they were dealing with.” Pressure of recording flight for video, which has increased with the popularization of both the sport and social media, can also affect the mentality of the jumper, Knutson said. Jumpers may find it hard to ignore such pressure when doing a risk analysis of the conditions, he said. BASE jumping deaths have been tracked since 1985 in the “BASE fatality list,” which describes accidents with the intent of improving safety within the community. “If someone does die from making a mistake, the most disrespectful thing would be to not take what‟s happened to have something beautiful come out of it -- which is learning from it,” Knutson said. While wingsuit flying is relatively new, risk-seeking is not, extreme sports experts point out. “Every extreme athlete does his or her own risk/reward calculus,” Kircher said. “I do not agree with legislating risk. Only through exploring our own edge do we grow as people. The reward for these sports are varied and many -- from self-efficacy to confidence to the dopamine hit. Risk-taking is part of evolution. Early humans took risks to broaden territory and find new mates. This is part of our nature.”
  19. 19. Adapted reading text Inside the mind of daredevil Accidents may occur when the distance to the ground or other problems are not considered, like rocks or mountains, Mei-Dan wrote. Some wingsuit jumpers fly as close as possible to cliffs or trees in a practice called “proximity flying” which is flying close to the faces and ridges of mountains further narrowing the margin for error. Emotions can also play a role, Knutson said. “I don‟t care if you‟ve got 1,000 wing-suit flights -- if all of a sudden that morning you heard a bad news, you should not go wing-suit jumping,” Knutson said. “I‟ve seen people die in front of me because they were not paying attention to the mental pain they were dealing with.” Pressure of recording flight for video, which has increased with the popularization of both the sport and social media, can also affect the mentality of the jumper, Knutson said. Sometimes this pressure was ignored when doing a risk analysis of the conditions, he said. BASE jumping deaths have been tracked since 1985 in the “BASE fatality list,” which describes accidents with the intent of improving safety within the community. While wingsuit flying is relatively new, risk-seeking is not, extreme sports experts point out. “Every extreme athlete does his or her own risk/reward calculation,” Kircher said. “I do not agree with calculated risk. Only through exploring our own edge we grow as people. The rewards for these sports are varied and many from self-efficacy to confidence to the dopamine hit. Risk-taking is part of evolution. Early humans took risks to broaden territory and find new mates. This is part of our nature. People will go on taking risks in the future, so different kinds of extreme sports will be done by people.
  20. 20. Skimming Activity • Read the text quickly and decide which of the following is the title of this text. A. The extreme surfers travelling to icy shores B. Inside the mind of daredevil C. Riding the rice paddies D. Amazon jungle marathon
  21. 21. Scanning (context checking questions) • Read the text carefully and answer the following questions. 1. When may accidents occur? 2. What happens when doing a risk analysis sometimes? 3. Are there deaths when doing extreme sports? When? 4. What are the rewards for the sports? 5. What will happen when people take risk in the future?
  22. 22. • GRAMMAR • The distance to the ground or other problems are not considered by people. • People do not consider the distance to the ground or other problems. Concept checking questions • Function • Is the emphasis on the action or doer in the second sentence? • Is the distance to the ground or other problems subject or object in the second sentence? • Is the distance to the ground or other problems subject or object in the first sentence? • What should we focus in the first sentence? Action or doer? • Form • Do we use past participle form of „‟consider‟‟ ? • Do we use „‟are‟‟ as helping verb before considered? • Do we use „‟ are „‟ as helping verb together with the past participle form of the main verb? • Do we change the place of the object of the sentence? •
  23. 23. • Sometimes this pressure was ignored when doing a risk analysis of the • • • • • • • • • • • conditions. Sometimes people ignored this pressure ……… Function Do we know the subject in the second sentence? Do we know the subject in the first sentence? What should we focus in the second sentence? Is the emphasis on action in the first sentence? Form Do we use past participle form of „‟ignore‟‟? Do we use „‟was‟‟ as helping verb before „‟ignored‟‟? Do we use „‟was‟‟ as helping verb together with past participle form of the main verb? Does the object come at the end of the sentence or at the beginning of the sentence?
  24. 24. • Different kinds of extreme sports will be done by people. • People will do different kinds of extreme sports. Function • Is the emphasis on the action or doer in the second sentence? • Is the „‟people‟‟ subject or object in the second sentence? • Is the „‟people‟‟ subject or object in the first sentence? • Do we know the subject in the first sentence? Form • Do we use past participle form of „‟do‟‟? • Do we use „‟be‟‟ as helping verb before „‟done‟‟? • Do we use „‟be‟‟ as helping verb together with the past participle form of the main verb? • Does the object come at the end of the sentence or at the beginning of the sentence? •
  25. 25. GRAMMAR ACTIVITIES Guided Activity
  26. 26. Semi-Guided Activity Here are many sentences change them into passive. Active Passive 1 Once a week, Tom cleans the house. Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom. 2 Right now, Sarah is writing the letter. ? 3 Sam repaired the car. ? 4 The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. ? 5 Many tourists have visited that castle. ? 6 Recently, John has been doing the work. ? 7 George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic's license. ? 8 Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for ? two years before he moved to Paris. 9 Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM. ?
  27. 27. Productive Activity Speaking activity(info-gap) Assume that you and your friend want to start doing an extreme sport. You chose to do a sport and your friend chose a different kind of sport. Now, both of you tell each other the good sides and the downsides of the sports. Then decide again which one is suits you the best. Use the passive forms and use at least 2 vocabularies that we have learned today.
  28. 28. • Student A SURFING Advantages: Keeps fit, enjoyable, gets adrenalin going. Disadvantages: Difficult to learn, takes to much time, dangerous.
  29. 29. • Student B SCUBA DIVING Advantages: discovering the underwater, enjoyable, can be learned easily, gets adrenalin going Disadvantages: dangerous water animals( fishes), oxygen tubedamaged.
  30. 30. Listening Pre-listening Look at the pictures and match them with their names and then decide which of the following is more popular in the past and today. a)Wingsuit b)parkour c) white water rafting d) ice climbing
  31. 31. Authentic Listening Material Extreme sports are popular all over the UK. Not just in the mountains of Snowdonia or Scotland. But what attracts people to these sports? Is it adventure or danger? People who enjoy fast and dangerous sports, like white-water rafting, are called thrill seekers or adrenalin junkies. I’m at the National Water Sports Centre in Nottingham in the centre of England and this is the white-water course. Seven hundred metres of foaming water with drops or rapids. And the skill is to stay afloat in the rough water. I’m here to meet Pas Blackwell, a white-water rafting expert, and to find out why so many people enjoy the thrills and spills of this extreme sport. Carmen: Hi, Pas. Pas: Hi, Carmen. Carmen: So this is a specially built course, but you raft on rapids all around the world. What do you most enjoy about white-water rafting? Pas: I really enjoy being outdoors and on the water. I really enjoy the freedom of just you and nature and I really enjoy the challenge. Carmen: So why do people like dangerous sports? Pas: I think people like to push themselves - to see how far they can go – to really test themselves, against the elements, water and air. Carmen: So, are you an adrenalin junkie? Pas: I don’t think of myself as an adrenalin junkie, but I do really enjoy the rush of trying to get from the top to the bottom and get through situations that occur out on the river. ..... In the countryside there are lots of wide open spaces and lots of extreme sports to choose from. But what do adrenalin junkies do in the city? Well, parkour, sometimes called free running, is becoming popular in London. Parkour started in France. And the idea is to get from one place to the other as fast as possible; jumping and climbing over whatever is in the way. So I’ve come to a parkour class in West London to find out what it’s all about. Rebecca Ahmed has been doing parkour for more than a year. Carmen: So Rebecca, why do you like parkour? Rebecca: It’s really fun, it’s original and it keeps me fit. That’s why I come. Carmen: Do you need any special equipment? Rebecca: Not really, we just use what’s around us like steps, railings and trees, but as long as you’ve got a good pair of trainers, you’re fine Carmen: Is it difficult? Rebecca: I wouldn’t say it’s difficult – it’s more about the fear. If you’re not scared you can do it. I’m not sure I’ve got the balance for parkour. Extreme sports can be dangerous, but they’re also lots of fun.
  32. 32. Adapted Listening Material • Hello my name is Carmen; I am sports journalist of BBC NEWS. Today, we will talk about the people who are living their lives in extremes. Extreme sports became popular all over the UK at the end of the 80s. Not just in the mountains of Snowdonia or Scotland. But why were people attracted in extreme sports in those days? Was it adventure or danger? White-water rafting were very popular and it was chosen by the people who enjoy fast and dangerous sports in the past and they were called thrill seekers. Yesterday, firstly, I was at the National Water Sports Centre in Nottingham in the center of England. We saw seven hundred meters of foaming water with drops or rapids. And what is aimed to achieve is to stay afloat in the rough water. I met there Pas Blackwell, a white-water rafting expert and a famous sportsman of the 80’s to find out why so many people enjoy the thrills and spills of this extreme sport in the past. He told us that was a specially built course, but he raft on rapids all around the world. What did he most enjoy about whitewater rafting? He really enjoyed being outdoors and on the water and the freedom of just you and nature and he told what really enjoyed him was the challenge. So I wondered why people like dangerous sports. I suppose people like to push themselves - to see how far they can go – to really test themselves, against the elements, water and air. Today people who are interested in extreme sports are called adrenalin junkie. And Pas Blackwell was also an adrenalin junkie when he was young he said he did really enjoy the rush of trying to get from the top to the bottom and get through situations that occur out on the river. • When we passed to the countryside, there are lots of wide open spaces and lots of extreme sports are chosen by people. But what do adrenalin junkies do in the city nowadays? Well, parkour, sometimes is called free running and it is becoming popular in London. Parkour started in France. And the idea is to get from one place to the other as fast as possible; jumping and climbing over whatever is in the way. So I’ve come to a parkour class in West London to find out what it’s all about. Rebecca Ahmed has been doing parkour for more than a year and we asked her why does she like parkour and is there special equipment to do this sport. She said that it is really fun, it’s original and it keeps her fit. That’s why she came. No any special equipment is used, they just use what’s around them like steps, railings and trees, but they said that as long as you’ve got a good pair of trainers, you’re fine. It looked like it is difficult and I asked Rebecca whether it is difficult or not. And she said that it is not difficult – it’s more about the fear. If you are not scared you can do it. I’m not sure I’ve got the balance for parkour. Extreme sports can be dangerous, but they’re also lots of fun. Therefore, in the future, different kind of extreme sports will be done by crazies. Because, people will only feel satisfied feeding their adrenalin feeling. And those people will be called as adrenaline addict.
  33. 33. While-listening (listening for main idea) • 1. Listen to the Journalist and thick the correct choice. 1. Interviewer at first talks with ⃝ Very famous wingsuit player. ⃝ a white-water rafting expert. ⃝ a new starter of the white- water rafting. 2. What did Pas Blackwell most enjoy about white-water rafting? ⃝ the feeling of achievement ⃝ being socialized with many people. ⃝ being outdoors and on the water 3. What is the name of the sports that Rebecca Ahmed has been doing? ⃝ bungee jumping ⃝ parkour ⃝ white-water rafting 4. Why does Rebecca like this sport? ⃝ It is challenging and she likes challenging tasks. ⃝ It is original and keeps her fit. ⃝ It is easy If you have a balance and she has it.
  34. 34. Listening For Detail In the past; Now; In the future; 1.…………………………… 2.………………………….is very was very popular. popular. 3…………….………..will be very popular. 4. It……………………. by the people who enjoyed …………. and dangerous sport. 6. People will only feel satisfied feeding their ……………….. 5.Sometimes parkour…………. free running. 7. This people were 8. This people are called………………………. called……………… 9. This people will be called……………………… …
  35. 35. WRITING (Post Activity) Visit a site www.extremesports.com. There is a research about which of the extreme sports are chosen mostly and why. You are going to write there an email and tell which extreme sport is suitable for you or which is not.
  36. 36. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

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