Founded Italy’s Fascist Party</li></li></ul><li>What characterized Fascism?<br />Fascism is a kind of aggressive nationalism<br />Emphasized “nation” over the idea of the “individual.”<br />Argued that individualism created a weak government<br />Believed a nation becomes great by expanding territory and military<br />Anti-communist<br />Italians were tired of strikes and riots<br />
How did he appeal to the people?<br />Europeans feared Communists were trying to bring down their government.<br />Fascism stood for the protection of private property and middle class jobs, social security<br />Stressed national honor and pride (prestige)<br />
Joseph Stalin<br /><ul><li>Vladimir Lenin set up the power base that helped Stalin take control.
Communist Party created a one-party rule, suppressed individual liberties, punished people who spoke out.
Lenin died and Stalin became dictator.</li></li></ul><li>How did he appeal to the people?<br />He industrialized the country.<br />Ruled by FEAR<br />Killed 8-10 million peasants who attempted to revolt.<br />
Adolph Hitler<br />Anti-communist and admired Mussolini<br />Fought in WWI<br />Joined the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NAZI)<br />Nationalistic and anti-communistic<br />Attempted to take over Munich and seize Berlin, failed, imprisoned.<br />While in jail wrote, MeinKampf.<br />
How did he appeal to the people?<br />Germans were desperate for economic improvement.<br />Pushed for expansion into Poland. (more land)<br />Claimed Germans (blond, blue eyes) were the master race.<br />Blamed problems on the Jewish people<br />
How did he gain power?<br />He supported the election of Nazi party candidates to the German parliament, or Reichstag.<br />The German president appointed Hitler to prime minister.<br />Hitler held elections and Nazis gave him dictatorial powers.<br />
Military control in Japan…<br />Too many imports and too few exports=low economic growth and unemployment in Japan<br />Japanese military leaders blamed “corrupt politicians”<br />Military leaders invade Manchuria, China for resources without government permission.<br />Military leaders assassinated the Japanese Prime Minister.<br />
American Isolationism<br />Why did most Americans not want to get involved in another war in Europe?<br />European debtor nations weren’t paying back the debt from American loans for WWI.<br />The Nye Committee documented the huge profits that arms factories. This made it appear they encouraged the war.<br />This led to this act:<br />Neutrality Act of 1935—Made it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any foreign country at war.<br />Neutrality Act of 1937 –continued ban, but also required warring countries to buy nonmilitary supplies by “cash and carry” only.<br />Purpose? Prevent attacks on neutral American trade ships<br />
Axis Powers:<br />Anti-Com-intern Pact<br />Required Germany and Japan to exchange information about Communist groups.<br />Germany<br />Italy<br />Japan<br />
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Position?<br />He supported internationalism, not isolationism.<br />Internationalism– the idea that trade between countries creates prosperity<br />He sold arms to China to defend itself.<br />Neither China nor Japan had formally declared war on each other.<br />