PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM: THE OVERVIEW MOHAMMAD SYAMIL BIN SELAMAT (2012461416) ANIS ATHIRAH BINTI MOHD ISHAK (2012625904) NUR AFIQAH NADIAH BINTI MUHAMMAD KATHIRAN (2012212326) NOR NADIAH BINTI ROSLI (2012218868)
INTRODUCTION• A presidential system is a system of government where an executive branch exists and presides separately from the legislature, to which it is not responsible and which cannot, in normal circumstances, dismiss it.• National presidents are "figurehead" heads of state. Presidential governments make no distinction between the positions of head of state and head of government, both of which are held by the president. However Presidents in a presidential system are always active participants in the political process, though the extent of their relative power may be influenced by the political makeup of the legislature and whether their supporters or opponents have the dominant position therein.• The president’s characteristic : a) Is the national head of state b) Is the leader of the executive branch c) It is not appointed by legislative branch ( in most cases is directly is elected by the citizenry )• Roles of president
CRITERIA• It has single executive and all the power are vested inpresident• Whereas as in the case of presidential system bothpresident and legislator are elected separately for a fixedterm.• There is no responsibility in this case• There is least possibility for the existence of politicalhomogeneity.• This single membership is enough.• The entire power revolves around the president and is thereal executive.•There is no need to dissolve the lower house.•There is separation of power in ideal sense to control thepresident.
ADVANTAGES OF PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM• Firstly, direct mandate where in a presidential system, the president is often elected directly by the people.• Second, separation of powers a presidential system establishes the presidency and the legislature as two parallel structures.• Third, speed and decisiveness some argue that a president with strong powers can usually enact changes quickly.• Lastly, stability a president, by virtue of a fixed term, may provide more stability than a prime minister who can be dismissed at any time.
DISADVANTAGES OF PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM• That is are tendency towards authoritarianism some political scientists say that presidential is not constitutionally stable.• Next, it is Political gridlock the separation of powers of a presidential system establishes the presidency and the legislature as two parallel structures.• Also, it is impediments to leadership change it is claimed that the difficulty in removing an unsuitable president from office before his or her term has expired represents a significant problem.
EXAMPLES OF PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM• The example of countries that using presidential Slovakia, Ireland, Portugal ,Weimar Germany, Korea, South ,Botswana, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, Madisons Virginia Plan and United States and many more.
TURKEY• Amending the administrative system has long been an issue in Turkey since the presidency of Turgut Özal’s in the early 1990s.• Prime Minister of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan himself explicitly said he would favor a presidential system, which he believes to be more suitable for Turkey.• The discussion at a meeting in Parliament where Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdağ criticized the current parliamentary system for its inability to effectively implement the principle of the separation of powers.• “It’s very clear that it does not fully reflect a parliamentary system. But it is also not a presidential or semi-presidential system. It’s something unique to Turkey,” Bozdağ said when analyzing the current system.• He added that the system of checks and balances would be much more effective within the presidential system than in the parliamentary system, essentially making all three powers of the executive, legislation and judiciary more powerful as well.
• The main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) is opposed to adopting the presidential system on the grounds that it is not suitable for the Turkish political system and state structures.• “Turkey should not discuss the presidential system. It should not leave the parliamentary system,” Akif Hamzaçebi, deputy parliamentary group leader of the CHP told reporters.
MORE INFO:• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semi- presidential_system• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presidential_syst em