To Kill A Mockingbird Introduction


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To Kill A Mockingbird Introduction

  1. 1. Introduction to To Kill A Mockingbird By: Nelle Harper Lee
  2. 2. About Nelle Harper Lee  Born: April 28, 1926  Birthplace: Monroeville, Alabama  Youngest of four children  Her father was a lawyer and newspaper editor  Nelle Harper Lee was a tomboy as a child
  3. 3. Harper Lee Continued…  Attended and graduated from Monroe County High School  Studied law at the University of Alabama  Spent a year at Oxford University  Did not pursue a legal career—moved to New York where she worked for an airline and spent the remainder of her time writing Mockingbird.  1960 To Kill A Mockingbird emerged
  4. 4. Nelle Harper Lee  Childhood friend of writer Truman Capote  Always took an interest in literature and writing  To Kill a Mockingbird is the only novel Lee ever wrote (1960)  November 5, 2007— Presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom By George W. Bush  Rarely grants requests for public appearances, interviews, or book signings
  5. 5. First time is a charm  Won the heralded Pulitzer Prize in 1961  In 1999 the novel was voted “Best Novel of the Century” by the Library Journal  Remains a bestseller with 30 million copies in print
  6. 6. A Southern Gothic Novel  Setting: exclusively in the American South  Common Themes: deeply flawed, disturbing or disoriented characters; decayed or derelict settings; grotesque situations; and other sinister events relating to or coming from poverty, alienation, racism, crime, and violence  Explores social issues and reveals the cultural character of the American South
  7. 7. Mockingbird? "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird."
  8. 8. Setting  Maycomb, Alabama during the depression (1930s)  Thought to represent Harper Lee’s small hometown of Monroeville, AL
  9. 9. Setting Continued…
  10. 10. What was going on?  The South was in racial turmoil.  Civil Rights  Not only was the South dealing with the effects of The Great Depression, they were also DEEPLY involved in the Civil Rights Movement  The United States was in financial turmoil.  The effects of The Great Depression were felt world-wide – not just in the South.  Novel’s setting: 1930’s Publication: 1960
  11. 11. Main Characters  Scout (Jean Louise Finch) – six-year-old narrator of story  Jem (Jeremy Finch) – her older brother  Atticus Finch – Jem and Scout’s father, a prominent lawyer who defends a black man accused of raping a white woman  Arthur (Boo) Radley – a thirty-three-year-old recluse who lives next door; thought of as a “freak”
  12. 12. Main Characters, cont.  Charles Baker (Dill) Harris – Jem and Scout’s friend who comes to visit his aunt in Maycomb each summer  Tom Robinson – a respectable black man accused of raping a white woman  Calpurnia – the Finches’ black cook  Bob Ewell-drunken, unemployed, and comes from a poor family; represents the dark side of the south by symbolizing racial hatred  Mayella Ewell-Bob’s daughter; lonely and unhappy; accuses a black man of raping her
  13. 13. Themes  Good vs. Evil  Loss of Innocence  Prejudice  Understanding  Educated vs. Uneducated  Religion  A Time for Courage
  14. 14. Themes  Each theme is characterized by human flaws, and the only way to overcome the flaw is to act just, according to the laws of a peaceful society.
  15. 15. Conflicts  Man vs. Man Bob Ewell vs. Tom Robinson Ewell’s vs. Atticus Finch  Man vs. Society Boo Radley vs. Society Tom Robinson vs. Society
  16. 16. Social Class in the Novel Wealthy Country Folk "White Trash" Black Community Examples of each social class: Wealthy - Finches Country Folk - Cunninghams “White Trash” – Ewells Black Community – Tom Robinson This is probably similar to how class structure existed during the 1930’s in the South. The wealthy, although fewest in number, were most powerful. The blacks, although great in number, were lowest on the class ladder, and thus, had the least privileges.
  18. 18. Boo Radley’s Home Place
  19. 19. TKAM Play in Monroeville The Radley’s House, The Finch’s House, and Dill’s Aunt’s house
  20. 20. TKAM Play in Monroeville, cont.