Sectionalism
A Nation Divides
Sectionalism
• The Country divides over:
– Economy Differences
– Expansion out West
– Slavery Issues
3/5 Compromise
• 1787
• Counting slaves in population for voting in the
South
– Gets Constitution ratified
Northwest Ordinance
• 1787
• Early law outlawed slavery in new territories
out West
Missouri Compromise
• 1819
• Henry Clay: Keeps balance in Union with
compromise
– Missouri: Slave state
– Maine: Free state
Wilmot Proviso
• 1846
• David Wilmot [PA]: New bill BANS slavery in
lands won in the Mexican War [Southwest &
West]
– It d...
Compromise of 1850
• Henry Clay: Creates another compromise
– California: Free state
– New Mexico & Utah: Popular Sovereig...
Compromise of 1850
• Washington D.C.: Slave trade BANNED
• Fugitive Slave Law: Required ALL citizens to
help catch runaway...
Kansas-Nebraska Act
• 1854
• Popular Sovereignty: People vote to decide
on slavery for the states
• Border Ruffians: Moved...
Kansas-Nebraska Act
• Kansas: Pro slave government
– DEATH PENALTY for helping runaway slaves
– 2-yr Prison term for speak...
Slavery
• Slavery was dividing the nation
– Slaveholders
– Abolitionists
– Moderates
Slaveholders
• South
– Their way of life was being threatened
– Economy would be crushed
– Wanted slavery in ALL STATES
– ...
Abolitionists
• North
– South was like a “foreign country”
– Wanted slavery stopped EVERYWHERE
– Slavery was a moral wrong
Moderates
• Moderates
– Lived everywhere
– Wanted Missouri Compromise to go across the
entire nation
– Wanted Popular Sove...
END
Sectionalism Part 1 7
Sectionalism Part 1 7
Sectionalism Part 1 7
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Sectionalism Part 1 7

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Sectionalism Part 1 7

  1. 1. Sectionalism A Nation Divides
  2. 2. Sectionalism • The Country divides over: – Economy Differences – Expansion out West – Slavery Issues
  3. 3. 3/5 Compromise • 1787 • Counting slaves in population for voting in the South – Gets Constitution ratified
  4. 4. Northwest Ordinance • 1787 • Early law outlawed slavery in new territories out West
  5. 5. Missouri Compromise • 1819 • Henry Clay: Keeps balance in Union with compromise – Missouri: Slave state – Maine: Free state
  6. 6. Wilmot Proviso • 1846 • David Wilmot [PA]: New bill BANS slavery in lands won in the Mexican War [Southwest & West] – It does NOT get passed
  7. 7. Compromise of 1850 • Henry Clay: Creates another compromise – California: Free state – New Mexico & Utah: Popular Sovereignty • Border Dispute: Texas & New Mexico settled • Congress Power: NO POWER over slave trade between states Popular Sovereignty: the people make the decision by voting
  8. 8. Compromise of 1850 • Washington D.C.: Slave trade BANNED • Fugitive Slave Law: Required ALL citizens to help catch runaway slaves. – 6 months or $1,000 fine – Special Courts were created – North HATED this new law
  9. 9. Kansas-Nebraska Act • 1854 • Popular Sovereignty: People vote to decide on slavery for the states • Border Ruffians: Moved across state lines to influence the voting
  10. 10. Kansas-Nebraska Act • Kansas: Pro slave government – DEATH PENALTY for helping runaway slaves – 2-yr Prison term for speaking out against slavery • Bleeding Kansas: John Brown leads abolitionists in guerilla warfare. Killed 200 people Abolitionists: against slavery- wanted to ‘abolish’ it, Many fought against slavery in the name of religion.
  11. 11. Slavery • Slavery was dividing the nation – Slaveholders – Abolitionists – Moderates
  12. 12. Slaveholders • South – Their way of life was being threatened – Economy would be crushed – Wanted slavery in ALL STATES – Wanted North to help catch runaway slaves
  13. 13. Abolitionists • North – South was like a “foreign country” – Wanted slavery stopped EVERYWHERE – Slavery was a moral wrong
  14. 14. Moderates • Moderates – Lived everywhere – Wanted Missouri Compromise to go across the entire nation – Wanted Popular Sovereignty to decide slave issues
  15. 15. END

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