French ANNE D'AUTRICHE queen consort of King Louis XIII of France (reigned 1610-43) and regent during the opening years of the reign of her son King Louis XIV (from 1643). The eldest daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria, Anne was married to the 14-year-old Louis XIII in November 1615.
Beyond Louis XIVThe Setting of the SunKing
It shoulda worked For FranceLargest European population (21 million-ish; England was 6.5 million includingScotland)An advanced economyStructure imposed & controlled by LouisXIVOther European states also exhausted byLouis XIV’s wars plus their own problems
The Monarchy of Louis XIV A tiny reviewLouis XIV also became king atyoung age, with mother as regentCardinal Mazarin, chief ministerafter Richelieu, provided adviceLouis raised to be king, taughtskills needed from childhoodYoung king supremely confidentin ability to ruleWhen Mazarin died, 18-year-oldLouis declared he would rungovernment himself“I am the state,” he declared
Louis XV (1715-1774)Grandson of LouisXIV successorFrance ruled byregent Duke ofOrleans until 1720
John Law (1671-1729) & Mississippi BubbleTrading company withLouisiana (MississippiCompany)Printed paper money with nogold backingMississippi company controlledFrance’s national debtStock rose temporarilyInvestors wanted to cash in, butthere was no goldLong term effects re: papermoney and stocks
Duke of Orleans’ actionsInvolved monarchymore in governmentSystem of councilswhere nobles servedwith bureaucratsResult was Parlements:courts dominated bynobility
ParlementsDifferent than English ParliamentFrench Parlements could not legislate, but couldrecognize monarch’s law or act (or not)=veto kind ofa powerLouis XIV successful in restricting Parlements powerDuke of Orleans under Louis XV fully re-institutedpowersReinforced by financial and moral weakness of LouisXV
Cardinal Fleury 1653- 174373 when he came to office!Tried to block monarch’sambitionTook hold of France’sfinances, reduced somedebtBuilt roads and bridgesNever sufficiently taxednobles and clergy
A Weakened FranceLouis XV never strongrulerNot trainedadequately by FleuryBad boy andunmotivated toactually work
What is the connection between theParlements, Fleury and the FrenchRevolution of 1789?
Was France better off with an absoluteruler like Louis XIV?