European Union The European Flag was originally known as the flag of Council of Europe which later became the European Union Flag. The number of flags has nothing to do with the number of members. There are twelve stars because the number twelve is the symbol of perfection, completeness and unity. The flag therefore remains unchanged. It has been used since 1986.
The Countries 27 Countries Participating and more arriving… Just Arrived.. The E.U describes itself as “a family of democratic European Countries”. To Arrive..
The Beginning The European Union was set up by France, Italy, Germany and the Benelux countries with an aim to keep peace between countries after world war 2. The determination to rebuild Europe and to illuminate the possibility of another World War. Originally Known as the European Economic Community. Countries Membership 25 March 1957 Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom Greece Portugal, Spain Austria, Finland, Sweden Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia Bulgaria, Romania 1 January 1973 1 January 1981 Date 1 January 1986 1 January 1995 1 May 2004 1 January 2007
Dealing with the Language Barriers With 23 official languages and three official alphabets (Latin, Greek and Cyrillic). The European Union only work with three internal languages: French, English, German. There are problems within the E.U of the translation between languages, up to 4000 interpreters at an annual cost of 1 billion euro. It can take up to a week to translate documents which can cause loss of important information or even introduce errors into translation. It has been said that UK commissioner Neil Kinnock has put forward to make English the official working language to eliminate costs.
<ul><li>If you are planning a holiday to other countries in the EU they will help you plan your journey,tell you the right time to go, for example, when the public holidays are, where to go and the average temperatures. They ensure that you can work, play, travel anywhere within the EU. They have slashed the price of telephone calls and air tickets. </li></ul><ul><li>The participating countries are working together! Whilst Travelling you can have European Health Insurance to keep you fit and happy . The Union also works together to reduce costs of health care. </li></ul>And What Are They Doing?
Currency The European Union had trouble changing and transferring money with many countries, each with different currency's. The EU now has a single market consisting of a customs union, a single currency called the Euro. The Euro has been adopted by 13 members. It is managed by the European Central Bank. The Institutions <ul><li>The EU has no official capital and its institutions are divided between several cities: </li></ul><ul><li>Brussels - seat of the EU and the Council of Ministers. </li></ul><ul><li>Strasbourg – seat of European Parliament and venue of its twelve week-long meetings each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Luxembourg City – seat of European Court of Justice and Investment Bank. </li></ul><ul><li>Frankfurt – seat of European Central Bank. </li></ul>
Italy Known as the ‘boot’ because of it’s shape. The population in 1992 was estimated at around 57 million. 84% of the population are Roman Catholic. Currency is the Euro. Language spoken is Italian
Food Everyone loves Italian food, because it is cooked most carefully,tastefully and delightfully. There's pizza and all kinds of pasta. Pizza originated from the USA but Italians make it very tasty. Pasta is the Latin word for ‘paste’, the flour and egg based dough from which it is made. Pasta is widely used throughout the Mediterranean but Italy are its specialists. Spaghetti Bolognese originated from an Italian city of Bologna.
Landmarks The capital city of Italy is Rome. In Rome there are many famous landmarks. <ul><li>The colosseum was built about 1920 years ago.It’s considered an architectural and engineering wonder, and remains as a standing proof of both the grandeur and the cruelty of the Roman world. </li></ul><ul><li>The Trevi Fountain is the most famous and arguably the most beautiful fountain in all of Rome. The water at the bottom of the fountain represents the sea. Legend has it you will return to Rome if you throw a coin into the water. </li></ul><ul><li>Vatican City, the home of the pope and is is the smallest independent nation in the world, whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome.Famous cathedral, beautiful artwork and a dome, which overlooks Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Pisa is known for its leaning tower. </li></ul><ul><li>vertically, the tower began leaning to the southeast soon after constructed in 1173 due to a poorly laid foundation that has allowed the foundation to shift. </li></ul><ul><li>Bologna has a leaning tower too, which leans more than the famous tower of Pisa </li></ul><ul><li>Venice is famous for its canals, the main transport is via boat. </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Vesuvius is a volcano east of Naples, Italy. It is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years, although it is not currently erupting. The only other two such volcanoes in Italy are located on islands. </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Etna, is an active volcano on the east coast of Sicily.It is the largest active volcano in Europe. </li></ul>Although intended to stand
People <ul><li>Galileo – improved the telescope and used it for astronomical observations, for example he studied the planets and them orbiting the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Leonardo D’vinci – In 1452 to 1519 was a great Italian painter, sculpture, architect and engineer. He contributed more to science and art than any one else of his time. He painted the Mona Lisa and the ‘last supper’. He was very interested in anatomy and dissected human corpses to study the structure of bones, muscles and organs. His observations were very precise and with his skill of an artist he was able to make the best sketches of the human body. </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo – Painted the spectacular Sistine Chapel inside the Vatican. </li></ul>
Greece Population in 1991 was roughly 10,260,000 98% of the population’s religion is Greek Orthodox. Language spoken is Greek Currency is the Euro Bordered by Bulgaria, Albania and Turkey.
Food Greek food is a wonderful mix of oriental and European dishes, cooked using different methods, from frying to broiling to boiling. Food in Greece is both easy to make and delightful. Greek food, uses much tomato paste in a liquid form. Greek Food specializes in poultry,meat and fresh vegetables. Finally, they add the olive oil, wine or seasoning. Olives are loved throughout Greece, they are eaten with everything, as an appetizer, a starter, or with a salad to being flavoured with chicken. Meat is often cooked with baked vegetables or nuts such as aubergine or almond. Kebabs and Meatballs are specialised in Greece and are very popular.
Landmarks <ul><li>It is hardly surprising that Athens, the capital city of Greece, is crammed full of </li></ul><ul><li>Athens' Acropolis towers high above the city and is one of the most famous landmarks in Europe. The classical Greek architecture has become a symbol of the city. Built around 2,500 years ago, the Acropolis has several temples, of which the most important build is the Parthenon, dedicated to Athena, a Greek goddess. The Parthenon is actually the largest Doric temple ever completed in Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian's Arch was originally the city gate and linked the Roman quarters with original town of Athens. Constructed in marble, </li></ul><ul><li>the tall gate is close to the Temple of Olympian Zeus. </li></ul><ul><li>The ancient city of Ramnous has several important ruins, including two large temples that were constructed in the 5th century. With views across the Aegean Sea, some of the site is yet to discover as archaeologists continue searching for more historical remains. </li></ul>spectacular landmarks and monuments. Famous throughout the world, many of these date back over 2,000 years and are in remarkable condition.
The End You should know, Switzerland is not in the EU. Thank you,