1Name_______________________________________________________Date____________Block_____The 1950s & 1960s1. Which situation resulted from Senator Joseph McCarthy’s search for Communists within theUnited States during the 1950’s?1. Thousands of American citizens who believed in communism were either jailed ordeported.2. The reputations of many people were ruined by false accusations of disloyalty3. Many high-ranking government officials were exposed as spies of the Soviet Union.4. Organized groups of Communists began a wave of violent political terrorism.2. The successful launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957 signaled the beginning of1. American fears that the Soviets had achieved technological superiority2. the Cold War with the United States3. Soviet aggression in Afghanistan and China4. disarmament discussions between the superpowers3. In the 1950’s, Senator Joseph McCarthy was most closely associated with issues related to1. Communist infiltration and the denial of civil liberties2. farm problems and taxation3. military preparedness and foreign aid4. collective bargaining and the rights of unions4. Which would be the most appropriate entry for line D in the list below?I.The Cold War at home A. The McCarthy hearings B. Alger Hiss case C. House Un-AmericanActivities Committee D. __________________1. Labor unrest2. Racial segregation3. Wage and price controls4. Loyalty oaths5. Which development following World War II caused the urban-suburban pattern shown in thediagram?
21. increase in the number of farms2. expansion of highways and automobile ownership3. movement of most factories to rural areas4. decline in the number of middle-income families6. In the post–World War II era, Senator Joseph McCarthy and the House Un-AmericanActivities Committee attempted to1. develop an effective system for spying on other countries2. make Cold War programs a priority in United States foreign policy3. identify Communists in the government and elsewhere in American society4. establish a policy of détente with the Soviet Union7. Which event of the 1950s most likely led to the publication of this cartoon?
31. Russia put cosmonauts on the Moon.2. The Soviet Union launched the Sputnik satellite.3. The United States was defeated in the Vietnam War.4. American students scored low on tests in math and science.8. The GI Bill affected American society after World War II by1. eliminating child labor2. expanding voting rights3. increasing spending on space exploration4. extending educational and housing opportunities9. The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan represented attempts by the United States to dealwith the1. national debt2. spread of communism3. President’s political opposition4. arms race
410. Both the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba (1961) and the invasion of Panama (1989) areexamples of United States attempts to1. eliminate unfriendly governments geographically close to the United States2. cultivate good relations with Latin American nations3. stop the drug trade4. end the Cold War11. Shortly after World War II, the cold war developed mainly as a result of the1. United States refusal to send economic aid to European nations2. Soviet domination of Eastern Europe3. competition between the superpowers to explore outer space4. continuation of the pre-World War II balance of power12. A common purpose of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Eisenhower Doctrinewas to1. carry out the United States policy of preventing the spread ofcommunism2. insure the survival of the newly independent nations of Africa andAsia3. limit the proliferation of nuclear weapons4. provide medical aid to LatinAmerican nations13. What was the main purpose of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Berlin air-lift?1. controlling Nazism in Europe2. establishing friendly relations between the United States and the Soviet Union3. spreading democracy to developing nations4. limiting Soviet expansion14. During the Korean War, what was the main reason that President Harry Truman dismissedGeneral Douglas MacArthur as commander of the United States troops?1. The United States had suffered many severe military losses.2. Congress refused to appropriate any more money to support the war.3. President Truman believed that General MacArthur’s conduct threatened the concept ofcivilian control over the military4. General MacArthur disobeyed President Truman by deciding to stop fighting the war.
515. ". . . Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bearany burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and thesuccess of liberty."Which conclusion is best supported by this quotation from the Inaugural Address of PresidentJohn F. Kennedy in 1961?1. The Cold War was over, and the Soviet Union was beginning to unravel.2. President Kennedy was encouraging a very strong presence in foreign policy in the post-World War II period.3. Compromise and appeasement were the best avenues to world peace.4. President Kennedy understood16. The Peace Corps was established by President John F. Kennedy in an effort to provide1. support to developing nations of the world2. job training for the unemployed3. markets for consumer goods4. teachers for inner-city areas17. President John F. Kennedy supported the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba as an effort to1. remove a communist dictator from power2. stop the flow of illegal drugs to the United States3. support Fidel Castro’s efforts for reform4. rescue hostages held by Cuban freedom fighters18. Batista Driven from Power” “Bay of Pigs Invasion Fails” “U-2 Planes Reveal SovietMissiles” These headlines refer to the relationship between the United States and1. Canada2. Cuba3. Mexico4. Panama19. Issuing the Truman Doctrine, defending South Korea, and sending military advisors toVietnam were actions taken by the United States to1. encourage membership in the United Nations2. promote American business in Asia3. limit the spread of communism4. gain additional overseas colonies
620. In the Truman Doctrine, President Harry Truman pledged to1. support Greece in its fight against communist aggression2. fight hunger in Africa and Asia3. strengthen the United States nuclear arsenal4. reject a policy of containment21. The major goal of the civil rights movement of the 1960’s was to1. establish a separate political state for African Americans2. gain passage of an equal rights amendment to the Constitution3. end segregation based on race4. permit unlimited immigration to the United States22. When President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent Federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, duringthe 1957 school integration crisis, he was exercising his constitutional power as1. Chief Legislator2. Commander-in-Chief3. Chief Diplomat4. Head of State23. "Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."-Brown v. Board of EducationThe effect of this Supreme Court ruling was to1. establish affirmative action programs in higher education2. require the integration of public schools3. desegregate the armed forces and the military academies4. force states to spend an equal amount on each public school studentCorrect Answer Number: 224. After the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, African Americans continued toexperience political and economic oppression mainly because1. the amendments were not intended to solve their problems2. many African Americans distrusted the Federal Government3. Southern legislatures enacted Jim Crow laws4. poor communications kept people from learning about their legal rights
725. The federal voting rights laws passed in the 1950s and 1960s were designed to1. return control of voting regulations to the states2. remove racial barriers to voting3. extend suffrage to American women4. prevent recent immigrants from voting26. Martin Luther King, Jr. first emerged as a leader of the civil rights movement when he1. led the bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama2. refused to give up his seat on a bus to a white man3. challenged the authority of the Supreme Court4. was elected as the first black congressman from the South