Chapter 9 Section 2 Notes

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Chapter 9 Section 2 Notes

  1. 1. Chapter 9 Section 2 Notes The Bill of Rights
  2. 2. Chapter 9 Section 2 Terms <ul><li>Petition </li></ul><ul><li>Search Warrant </li></ul><ul><li>Due Process </li></ul><ul><li>Indict </li></ul><ul><li>Double Jeopardy </li></ul><ul><li>Eminent Domain </li></ul>
  3. 3. The First Amendment <ul><li>James Madison helped the Constitution get ratified by adding a Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>The Bill of Rights protects our “essential liberties”. </li></ul><ul><li>The rights granted to us in the First Amendment are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Religion, the government cannot support one religion over another </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Speech and Press, gives people the right to express their own opinions but does not allow chaos-provocation/threatening/lying, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Assembly and Petition, allows citizens to address their government with concerns by gathering peacefully or submitting and formal request ( petition ). </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Second Amendment <ul><li>The provides for the “Right to bear arms”, meaning that citizens have a right to protect themselves and their country. </li></ul><ul><li>It also sets up “Militias”, which today is The National Guard for individual states. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Third and Fourth Amendments <ul><li>The Third prohibits the military from forcing citizens to provide housing for soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>The Fourth makes “unreasonable searches and seizures” illegal, and says that authorities need to have a search warrant , or judge’s order, to search you or your property. </li></ul><ul><li>Both of these amendments were responses to things that happened under the British. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Fifth Amendment <ul><li>This says that a court cannot indict , or charge, someone with a crime without enough evidence. </li></ul><ul><li>It also says that a person doesn’t have to testify against him/herself at their trial. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone found not guilty for a crime cannot be tried for the same crime later, which is called double jeopardy . </li></ul><ul><li>The last part of this amendment states that the gov cannot take someone’s property unless by eminent domain , meaning the gov will take your property to further public interest (think building a highway) </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Sixth and Seventh Amendment <ul><li>The Sixth says that a person must have a quick trial and know exactly what they are accused of, that way people are wasting away in prison for an unknown reason. </li></ul><ul><li>The Seventh says that juries can decide civil cases between people (like arguments over property or borrowing money without paying it back). Civil means not criminally related. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Eighth Amendment <ul><li>Prohibits “cruel and unusual” punishment </li></ul><ul><li>States that people can post bail to get out of jail until their trial starts </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents juries from setting bail amounts too high </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Ninth and Tenth Amendment <ul><li>The Ninth states that people still have rights that may not be explicitly listed in the Constitution, (like education). </li></ul><ul><li>The Tenth Amendment says that the states and people have all powers that are not SPECIFICALLY given to the central government. It balances power between the state and national government. </li></ul>

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