Chapter 9 Section 1 Notes


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Chapter 9 Section 1 Notes

  1. 1. Chapter 9 Section 1 Notes Understanding the Constitution
  2. 2. Chapter 9 Section 1 Terms <ul><li>Delegated Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Elastic Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Apportionment </li></ul><ul><li>Impeach </li></ul><ul><li>Veto </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Orders </li></ul><ul><li>Pardons </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Federal System <ul><li>Antifeds wanted to make sure the government didn’t have too much power, so the writers created a system of three separate branches </li></ul><ul><li>Delegated Powers are powers reserved for the federal government: coining money, running the postal system, regulating interstate commerce, providing for national defense, declaring war and conducting diplomacy </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Federal System Continued <ul><li>The elastic clause found in Article 1, Section 8 allows Congress to stretch is powers to address issues that the founders may not have been able to predict </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved powers are left to the state governments and individual citizens- conducting elections, establishing local governments and taking care of education </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent powers are shared between the state and the national government- taking, borrowing money, enforcing laws, providing for citizen’s welfare </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Legislative Branch <ul><li>The legislative branch makes the nation’s laws. </li></ul><ul><li>The duties and powers of the legislative branch are spelled out in Article 1. It is supposed to be a representative democracy , meaning government made up of representatives that the people vote for. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Legislative Branch Continued <ul><li>The House and Senate make up Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>The House has 435 reps (called the lower house). The number of reps in the House, called apportionment , is based on pop. </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate has 100 members, two from each state (called the upper house). </li></ul><ul><li>House members represent a district of their state. </li></ul><ul><li>Senate members represent the entire state. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Executive Branch <ul><li>To become president, you have be born in the US and be at least 35 years old. He is elected every four years and, since 1951, is only allowed to serve 2 terms of 4 years each. </li></ul><ul><li>The House can impeach (bring charges against) the president if he violates the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Although Congress passes laws, the president can veto , or cancel, what Congress comes up with. </li></ul><ul><li>The president can also make laws with executive orders , which are not legislation but are carried out like laws. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Executive Branch Continued <ul><li>The president is also in charge of the nation’s military as the Commander-In-Chief. </li></ul><ul><li>The president has to be the face of our diplomatic relations with foreign nations. </li></ul><ul><li>He can also grant pardons , meaning he can cancel out punishments for people. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 14 executive departments under the president, and the leaders of these make up the cabinet . They advise the president. Some executive departments are the State Dept and the Dept of Education. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Judicial Branch <ul><li>The president appoints all judges for the federal court system. </li></ul><ul><li>The courts are supposed to interpret the law. </li></ul><ul><li>The highest court in the land is the Supreme Court, and usually deal with cases that are a national, constitutional or high interest issue (like segregation, abortion, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>There are 9 justices in the Supreme Court and they serve for life. </li></ul>