Chapter 10 Section 1 Notes

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Chapter 10 Section 1 Notes

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Section 1 Notes Laying the Foundations of Government
  2. 2. Chapter 10 Section 1 Terms <ul><li>Electoral College </li></ul><ul><li>Precedent </li></ul><ul><li>Judiciary Act </li></ul>
  3. 3. Choosing the President <ul><li>Washington was uneasy about being the nation’s leader </li></ul><ul><li>Americans looked up to him for his honesty and character </li></ul><ul><li>In 1789 after the ratification of the Const., the states unanimously elected Washington as president </li></ul><ul><li>The electoral college was a group selected by state legislatures to represent the popular vote (although sometimes to the electoral college will vote differently if they think the public chooses poorly) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Republican Motherhood <ul><li>Abigail Adams wanted women to have a bigger role in government </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of a Republican Motherhood said that women needed to teach their children to be good citizens (although education for boys and girls was very different) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Life in the New Republic <ul><li>The vast majority lived on the countryside as farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Cities started to grow through trade and industry </li></ul>
  6. 6. Setting Precedents <ul><li>The government was in a “experimental” period, because Washington was the first president ever </li></ul><ul><li>Precedent - an action or decision that serves as a later example </li></ul><ul><li>Washington set almost all of the presidential precedents: two year term, name “Mr. President”, demeanor </li></ul>
  7. 7. Washington’s Cabinet <ul><li>Washington set up the first executive departments, the leaders of which served in a cabinet to advise him </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson was Sec’y of State </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton was Sec’y of Treasury </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Knox as Sec’y of War </li></ul>
  8. 8. Establishing Federal Courts <ul><li>Washington also set up the Judicial branch </li></ul><ul><li>The Judiciary Act creating a federal court system with three levels: district, appeals, Supreme </li></ul>

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