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  1. 1. Impeachment
  2. 2. question of the day • other than Bill Clinton, who is the only other U.S. president to be impeached? • after the Civil War, but before 1900. • Andrew Johnson
  3. 3. objective • describe and explain the grounds for impeachment and the various steps it must go through to reach that point.
  4. 4. • “The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.” –Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution
  5. 5. what is impeachment? • a process, authorized by the Constitution, to bring charges against certain officials of the federal government for misconduct while in office.
  6. 6. who are these officials? • federal judges • cabinet members • NOT Senators & Representatives • vice president • president
  7. 7. who brings the charges of impeachment? • “the House of Representatives… shall have the sole power of impeachment.” –Article 1, Section 2 of the Constitution
  8. 8. what is the Senate’s role under the Constitution? • once impeached, high officials are tried by the Senate. • if the President is being tried, then the Chief Justice shall preside over the trial. • requires a 2/3 vote to convict.
  9. 9. what is the punishment if convicted? • the President may grant reprieves and pardons EXCEPT in cases of impeachment. • removal from office.
  10. 10. what is the history of impeachment in the United States? • 18 officials have been impeached. • two presidents, one cabinet member, one senator and 13 judges. • only seven of these officials were convicted by the Senate.
  11. 11. how does the impeachment process reflect the roles of checks and balances in our system? • a check by the legislative branch on the executive and judicial branches.
  12. 12. The Impeachment Process of Bill Clinton
  13. 13. Stage 1: Resolution • A resolution, • September 9, known as an 1998 inquiry of • Congress sets up impeachment, is steps for referred to the considering Judiciary Lewinsky matter. Committee.
  14. 14. Stage 2: Committee Vote • After considering • October 5, 1998 evidence, the • Judiciary Panel, Judiciary in party vote, Committee votes urges on a resolution of impeachment inquiry stating hearings. whether there is enough evidence for impeachment.
  15. 15. Stage 3: House Vote • In this case, the full • October 8, 1998 House would vote • House, in a partisan whether to approve 258-176 vote, a Judiciary approves a broad, Committee decision open-ended to proceed to a full- impeachment blown impeachment inquiry. hearing.
  16. 16. Stage 4: Hearing • The Judiciary • November 9 & 19, Committee holds 1998 hearings into the • December 1, 8-10, accusations, 1998 possibly broadening • Rancorous House the inquiry into panel hears Starr’s other subjects. case for impeachment.
  17. 17. Stage 5: Report • The committee votes • December 11-12, on one or more bills 1998. of impeachment and • Panel, on party issues a report to the lines, votes House, setting forth impeachment; articles of Clinton voices impeachment. remorse, invites censure.
  18. 18. Stage 6: House Vote • The House votes • December 19, on the bill of 1998 impeachment. A • President is simple majority impeached and decides whether faces Senate trial to bring the case before the Senate.
  19. 19. Stage 7: Senate Trial • In a trial conducted on • January 7, 1999 the Senate floor, the • Impeachment trials House Judiciary opens, but talks on Committee brings the process go on; case against the witnesses are main President who is defended by his own issue. lawyers. The Senate acts as the jury and the Chief Justice presides over the trial.
  20. 20. Stage 8: Senate Vote • The Senate votes on • February 12, 1999 each article of • Clinton is acquitted impeachment. If a decisively by Senate two-thirds majority on both charges. supports impeachment, the President is removed from office.
  21. 21. other presidents • 1843 John Tyler • 1868 Andrew Johnson • charged with corruption and • charged with serious misconduct. misconduct. • followed process • followed process until Stage 3 when until Stage 8 where the House rejected he was acquitted by the charges. a margin of one vote.
  22. 22. what about Nixon? • 1974 • charged with obstruction and abuse of power. • followed process until stage 6 because he resigned before the House voted on articles of impeachment.