Japan (1919-1939)

4,586 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,586
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
166
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Japan (1919-1939)

  1. 1. JapanThe Interwar Years (1919- 1939)
  2. 2. 1920s• end of WWI• economic challenges –industrialization –few natural resources –international tariffs –need for expansion
  3. 3. Social Changes• feudal agriculture → urban industrial• universal education• western influence –politics –questioning traditional Japanese beliefs –military upset w/ this
  4. 4. Military Influence• Great Depression hits Japan (1929) –civilians look to military for leadership• military –nationalist –united under emperor –military leadership
  5. 5. Emperor Hirohito
  6. 6. Japanese Aggression• modern war –relies on technology and industry –2 problems 1. lack of industrial capacity 2. navy size limited• promotes “fighting spirit”• military takes over
  7. 7. Manchurian Incident (1931)• Japan invades China• Manchuria – resource-rich region in China – relieve Japanese reliance on West – compete w/ industrial nations• Japan takes over – called Manchukuo• international condemnation – 1933 – Japan leaves League of Nations – 1934 – disagrees to limit navy size
  8. 8. Late 1930s• 1936 – Anti-Comintern Pact –w/ Germany –opposes spread of communism• Second Sino-Japanese War –vs. China –ended w/ WWII –1937 – Nanjing Massacre
  9. 9. Nanjing Massacre (1937)• aka “Rape of Nanjing”• Nanjing – former capital of the Republic of China• rape, murder, pillage, etc.• 100,000-300,000 deaths

×