WindowsIn Canterbury Cathedral    Nina Aldin Thune    Kunsthistorie.com
The Cathedral
• Abbey of Benedictine monks• Also the seat of the Archbishop of  Canterbury• Site of important Anglo-Saxon church  that h...
HistoryIn 597 Pope Gregory the Great (the GregorianChanter) orders a reluctant Augustine off toEngland to convert the Brit...
History602: Saint Augustine dedicates the firstCanterbury Cathedral.
HistoryRepaired just before the Norman Conquest of1066, the cathedral and its city are both largelydestroyed by a huge fir...
• Nave and transepts rebuilt by Archbishop Lanfranc (1070-89)• Choir finished under his successors,  Arnulph and Conrad• A...
The Murder
Thomas BecketOn Tuesday 29 December 1170 was the murderof Thomas Becket in the north-west transept byknights of King Henry...
Thomas BecketArchbishop Thomas Becket murdered here onDecember 29, 1170
The murder of ThomasBecketAccording to John of Salisbury, the knights slicedoff the top of Becket’s skull and spread his b...
TombBeckets original tomb was in the Crypt ofCanterbury Cathedral.The monks buried the archbishop´s body in thecrypt that ...
The Cathedralafter the murder
• Choir destroyed by fire in 1174-rebuilt  1176-84• Became major English pilgrimage site• Nave and east transept rebuilt i...
The Trinity-Chapel
• In 1180-84 the old, square-ended,  eastern chapel was replaced by the  present Trinity chapel, a broad  extension with a...
Windows
The windowsOf the ten original windows, only seven retainmedieval glass and the other three are comprisedof replacement gl...
The Shrine
• The shrine was removed in 1538. Henry  VIII summoned the dead saint to court  to face charges of treason. In his  absenc...
ShrineSt. Albans Abbey (Cathedral) Hertfordshire
Miracles
Thomas   Becket Thomas is the bestdoctor of the worthy        sick
• Miracles at the shrine of St. Thomas were  chronicled by two monks, William and Benedict.• At first, at the time of his ...
Juliane of Rochester• Reading from left to right, the first  panel depicts a blind girl with her eyes  closed• She grasps ...
• The second scene shows the two  pilgrims as they approach Becket’s  tomb, represented by the portholes in  the side. Arc...
• The final scene repeats the figures of  the father and daughter, once again  identified by their clothing, as they give ...
Richard Sunieve• The first panel shows Richard at work  as a herdsman• He then falls ill and takes to his bed
The Cure of Richard of       Sunieve• He kneels in front of Becket’s tomb and  receives a mixture prepared by a monk  with...
The Cure of Richard of       Sunieve• The story concludes with Richard at the  tomb offering gold coins as thanks
St.Thomas Water
St.Thomas Water• After the murder the monks had  carefully collected Thomas blood• The martyr´s blood had been diluted  wi...
St.Thomas   Water A father tips up an ampulla filled withCanterbury water for  his son to drink.     Window n:II
Pilgrims
Pilgrims• Because of the violent nature of his  death, Becket was considered a martyr  by the monks at Christ Church and t...
Pilgrim• St.Thomas appers to King LouisVII of  France in a dream• LouisVII of France in Canterbury in  1179
Tekst
Thanks!Nina Aldin ThuneNina Aldin Thune
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
Windows in Canterbury Cathedral
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Windows in Canterbury Cathedral

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At first, at the time of his martyrdom, the martyr began to glisten with remarkable miracles, restoring sight to the blind, walking to the lame, hearing to the deaf, speech to the mute, and cleansing lepers, restoring paralytics, curing dropsy and all varieties of fatal, incurable disease, even resuscitating the dead. And miraculously exercising power over the demons and all the elements, he extended the touch of this power to unusual and unheard of signs. For instance, people deprived of their eyes and genitalia obtained new members by his merits.

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Windows in Canterbury Cathedral

  1. 1. WindowsIn Canterbury Cathedral Nina Aldin Thune Kunsthistorie.com
  2. 2. The Cathedral
  3. 3. • Abbey of Benedictine monks• Also the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury• Site of important Anglo-Saxon church that has recently been excavated
  4. 4. HistoryIn 597 Pope Gregory the Great (the GregorianChanter) orders a reluctant Augustine off toEngland to convert the Brits to Christianity. Augustine bases himself with a monasticcommunity known by the name of "Saints Peterand Paul" in Canterbury, and quickly persuadesKing Aethelbert of Kent to become the first of the(Germanic) Anglo-Saxon Kings to be  baptized,which happens on Whitsunday (Pentecost) 597.
  5. 5. History602: Saint Augustine dedicates the firstCanterbury Cathedral.
  6. 6. HistoryRepaired just before the Norman Conquest of1066, the cathedral and its city are both largelydestroyed by a huge fire in 1067.  Rebuilding,and the English Church in general, are goingnowhere under the ineffective Anglo SaxonArchbishop Stigand, and there is general reliefwhen he is deposed in 1070 and replaced by theenergetic, intelligent and widely respected ItalianLanfranc (from Pavia), the Abbot who had putthe Abbey of Bec in Normandy on the map ofEurope.
  7. 7. • Nave and transepts rebuilt by Archbishop Lanfranc (1070-89)• Choir finished under his successors, Arnulph and Conrad• Archbishop Thomas Becket murdered here on December 29, 1170
  8. 8. The Murder
  9. 9. Thomas BecketOn Tuesday 29 December 1170 was the murderof Thomas Becket in the north-west transept byknights of King Henry II. The king had frequentconflicts with the strong-willed Becket and issaid to have exclaimed in frustration, "Who willrid me of this turbulent priest?" The knights tookit literally and murdered Becket in his owncathedral. Becket was the second of fourArchbishops of Canterbury who were murdered.
  10. 10. Thomas BecketArchbishop Thomas Becket murdered here onDecember 29, 1170
  11. 11. The murder of ThomasBecketAccording to John of Salisbury, the knights slicedoff the top of Becket’s skull and spread his brainsover the pavement, mixing blood and bone.
  12. 12. TombBeckets original tomb was in the Crypt ofCanterbury Cathedral.The monks buried the archbishop´s body in thecrypt that very night and denied public access tothe tomb until Easter of the following year
  13. 13. The Cathedralafter the murder
  14. 14. • Choir destroyed by fire in 1174-rebuilt 1176-84• Became major English pilgrimage site• Nave and east transept rebuilt in Perpendicular Gothic style ca. 1365-1400
  15. 15. The Trinity-Chapel
  16. 16. • In 1180-84 the old, square-ended, eastern chapel was replaced by the present Trinity chapel, a broad extension with an ambulatory designed to house the shrine of St Thomas Becket.• 1220, fifty years after his martyrdom, Beckets remains were translated to a new shrine in his honor in the Trinity Chapel of the Cathedral.
  17. 17. Windows
  18. 18. The windowsOf the ten original windows, only seven retainmedieval glass and the other three are comprisedof replacement glass and plain quarries
  19. 19. The Shrine
  20. 20. • The shrine was removed in 1538. Henry VIII summoned the dead saint to court to face charges of treason. In his absence, he was found guilty, and the treasures of his shrine confiscated, carried away in two coffers and twenty- six carts.
  21. 21. ShrineSt. Albans Abbey (Cathedral) Hertfordshire
  22. 22. Miracles
  23. 23. Thomas Becket Thomas is the bestdoctor of the worthy sick
  24. 24. • Miracles at the shrine of St. Thomas were chronicled by two monks, William and Benedict.• At first, at the time of his martyrdom, the martyr began to glisten with remarkable miracles, restoring sight to the blind, walking to the lame, hearing to the deaf, speech to the mute, and cleansing lepers, restoring paralytics, curing dropsy and all varieties of fatal, incurable disease, even resuscitating the dead. And miraculously exercising power over the demons and all the elements, he extended the touch of this power to unusual and unheard of signs. For instance, people deprived of their eyes and genitalia obtained new members by his merits.
  25. 25. Juliane of Rochester• Reading from left to right, the first panel depicts a blind girl with her eyes closed• She grasps her father’s hand and shoulder as he leads her through an outdoor setting indicated by a plant- like form twining over their heads
  26. 26. • The second scene shows the two pilgrims as they approach Becket’s tomb, represented by the portholes in the side. Arches, a tower, and the tomb symbolize the architecture of the cathedral and imply a religious setting, as does the figure of a monk applying a mixture to the girl’s eyes.
  27. 27. • The final scene repeats the figures of the father and daughter, once again identified by their clothing, as they give thanks to the saint for the miraculous restoration of Juliana’s sight.
  28. 28. Richard Sunieve• The first panel shows Richard at work as a herdsman• He then falls ill and takes to his bed
  29. 29. The Cure of Richard of Sunieve• He kneels in front of Becket’s tomb and receives a mixture prepared by a monk with a bowl and spoon or mortar and pestle• The next panel shows Richard cured. He demonstrates the cure to those around him, probably his master and mistress
  30. 30. The Cure of Richard of Sunieve• The story concludes with Richard at the tomb offering gold coins as thanks
  31. 31. St.Thomas Water
  32. 32. St.Thomas Water• After the murder the monks had carefully collected Thomas blood• The martyr´s blood had been diluted with water• The blood and water was used as medicin
  33. 33. St.Thomas Water A father tips up an ampulla filled withCanterbury water for his son to drink. Window n:II
  34. 34. Pilgrims
  35. 35. Pilgrims• Because of the violent nature of his death, Becket was considered a martyr by the monks at Christ Church and the English people. Word of the murder quickly spread throughout the country, and people began to flock to the cathedral
  36. 36. Pilgrim• St.Thomas appers to King LouisVII of France in a dream• LouisVII of France in Canterbury in 1179
  37. 37. Tekst
  38. 38. Thanks!Nina Aldin ThuneNina Aldin Thune

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