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A Guideline on How to Write and Publish a Review Paper by prof. dr. saidur rahman

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By Prof. Dr. Saidur Rahman (UM)

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A Guideline on How to Write and Publish a Review Paper by prof. dr. saidur rahman

  1. 1. A GUIDELINE ON HOW TO WRTITE AND PUBLISH A REVIEW PAPER PROF. DR. SAIDUR RAHMAN Department of Mechanical Engineering E-mail: saidur@um.edu.my
  2. 2. OUTCOMES OF THIS TALK This talk will answer followings questions: 1.Why review papers? 2.What is a review paper? 3.How to write a review paper? 4.Where to submit & How to submit 5.Is there any challenges?
  3. 3. OVERVIEW Submission of a manuscript to a journal is usually an exciting prospect for researchers, especially younger ones. News of acceptance from the Editor is even more exciting. News of rejection is usually very depressing.
  4. 4. MOTIVATION
  5. 5. Research isn’t complete until it’s published. If research isn’t shared, it’s as if the research hadn’t been done. Work, finish, publish (Michael Faraday)
  6. 6. •Who benefits? –Possibly, person who did the work (?) –Nobody •Who is disadvantaged? –Other researchers –Funding body VALUE OF UNPUBLISHED WORK
  7. 7. WHY WE NEED TO PUBLISH?
  8. 8. To create network WHY WE NEED TO PUBLISH?
  9. 9. WHY WE NEED TO PUBLISH?
  10. 10. WHY REVIEW PAPERS?
  11. 11. The Hallmarks of Cancer (Cell) 12,370 2000 Role of ambient temperature, door opening, on refrigerator-freezer energy consumption 18 2002
  12. 12. Publication titles Total citations Year published A review on applications and challenges of nanofluids 179 2011 A review on biomass as a fuel for boilers 155 2011 A review on global solar energy policy 131 2011 A review on global wind energy policy 122 2010 A review on electrical motors energy use and energy savings 101 2010 Latest development of the viscosity of nanofluids 67 2012 CITATION TREND OF MY OWN REVIEW PAPERS
  13. 13. Title of article Journal name Publication year Total citations Biodiesel production: a review Bioresource Technology 1999 1771 Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review Bioresource Technology 2002 1288 Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: A review J. Envi. Management 2011 102 Recent developments in Life Cycle Assessment J. Envi. Management 2009 213 Science and technology of novel processes for deep desulfurization of oil refinery streams: a review Fuel 2003 583 Citation of review articles
  14. 14. Title of article Journal name Publication year Total citations Vibration based condition monitoring: A review Structural health monitoring 2004 162 Neural networks in civil engineering: 1989-2000 Computer-aided civil and infrastructure engineering 2001 113 Review of NDT methods in the assessment of concrete and masonry structures NDT & E INTERNATIONAL 2001 86 Citation of review articles: Civil Engineering
  15. 15. Title of article Journal name Publication year Total citations The surface science of titanium dioxide Surface Science Reports 2003 2138 TiO"2 photocatalysis and related surface phenomena Surface Science Reports 2008 1167 A review of chitin and chitosan applications Reactive and Functional Polymers 2000 1189 Recent developments in cathode materials for lithium ion batteries Journal of Power Sources 2010 228 Science and technology of novel processes for deep desulfurization of oil refinery streams: a review Fuel 2003 583 SCIENCE: CHEMISTRY/MATERIALS
  16. 16. Title of article Journal name Publication year Total citations Hallmarks of Cancer: The Next Generation Cell 2011 2512 Synthesis and surface engineering of iron oxide nanoparticles for biomedical applications Biomaterials 2005 1856 MicroRNAs - Genomics, Biogenesis, Mechanism, and Function cell 2004 7470 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  17. 17. Title of article Journal name Publication year Total citations Complex networks: Structure and dynamics Physics report 2006 2271 Raman spectroscopy in graphene Physics report 2009 431 Community detection in graphs Physics report 2010 778 Physics and Astronomy
  18. 18. WHY CITATION IS SO IMPORTANT?
  19. 19. Importance of citations •Very important of ranking criteria •Can be internationally recognized researcher •Need for promotion •Highly cited authors/rewarding
  20. 20. WHAT IS A REVIEW PAPER?
  21. 21. May review almost anything, typically recent work Designed to summarize, analyze, evaluate, or synthesize information that has already been published Must be general/broad what is a review paper? No original work No one has reported before
  22. 22. HOW TO WRITE A REVIEW PAPER?
  23. 23. •A description of your topic area, supported by references (Own and others work) •A summary, discussion and critical analysis of academic work related to your research question What is a literature review?
  24. 24. •Title and author (s) •Abstract •Keywords •Nomenclatures •TOC •Introduction •Literature review •Main body (Building your story) •Tables/Figures (Number, quality, redundancy, legend, …) •Conclusions •Acknowledgements (If any) •References –Format/style –Types (Journals, books, reports, conference proceedings) –Number? •Appendix STRUCTURE OF A MANUSCRIPT
  25. 25. Title •Tell readers what your paper is all about •The title of the manuscript needs to be short and relevant to the subject matter •Attract the reader’s attention •General/broad for larger audience •Avoid jargon and abbreviations
  26. 26. 1.A review on global wind energy policy 2.Biodiesel production: a review 3.A review of solar photovoltaic technologies 4.Progress and recent trends in biodiesel fuels Examples of good title
  27. 27. Author (s) names  Author names and affiliations should be in the following format. M. Hassan*1, B.S. Yilbas2 and Y. Ali1 * 1) Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Malaya Email: hassan@um.edu.my 2) Department of Mechanical Engineering, KFUPM, Saudi Arabia Email: bsyilbas@kfupm.edu.sa
  28. 28. Abstract  The abstract should be short and precise giving clear indication of what investigation has been described in the manuscript and the precise conclusion to entice potential readers.  About 200-300 words should be sufficient.  It is the summary of the work Tell readers what you did and the important findings
  29. 29. Keywords  The keywords should reflect the subject matter of the manuscript in the same way the title of the manuscript should.  As such most of the keywords may already be present in the title.  The number of keywords should not be more than five. Used by indexing and abstracting services  They are the labels of your manuscript  Use only established abbreviations (i.e. DNA)
  30. 30. Introduction Needs to get readers attention
  31. 31. Cite/give credit to others work
  32. 32. Introduction  The introduction section should contain brief statement of the need for the investigation, review of up to date literature and specific objectives.  This section should reflect the new contents of the review Provide context to convince readers that you clearly know why your work is important
  33. 33. HOW TO GENERATE NEW IDEA Think more
  34. 34. Nash’s PhD thesis 27 pages long Won him a Nobel prize Common mistakes
  35. 35. SOURCES OF LITERATURE •Sciencedirect •IEEE explore •Springer •Taylor and Francis •Multiscience •Inderscience •Wiley •Yahoo, Google search (put key words) •Scopus •Engineering Village •Pro-quest-digital dissertation •Ingentaconnect •Personal communications •Etc…
  36. 36. MAIN BODY
  37. 37. TIPS Depending on the level of expertise and experiences • one can write a reviewer paper as short as 4-6 pages even with 5-10 references •It can be up to 100 pages with 300-500 references
  38. 38. TIPS •Its quite easy to publish in some Journals •However, its really very difficult in some journals •Prepare a Table of Content
  39. 39. Critical review/Key features
  40. 40. Example review Figure
  41. 41. Example review Figure
  42. 42. FIGURES AND TABLES
  43. 43. Conclusions  The conclusions section should contain short and precise concluding remarks arising out of the investigation.  Only the very important points should be included in this section.  It is the concrete achievement/findings of the work  Should highlight the achievements of objectives
  44. 44. Acknowledgement (s)  The acknowledgement is used to give credit to the funding authorities of the research work, collaborators or other colleagues whose names do not appear as co-authors but who made some contribution in producing the material for the manuscript.
  45. 45. STEP BY STEP PROCEDURE TO WRITE A REVIEW PAPER
  46. 46. WHERE TO PUBLISH
  47. 47. JOURNAL SELECTION PROCESS Time
  48. 48. WHERE TO PUBLISH
  49. 49. Impact Factors
  50. 50. •The New England journal of Medicine: 51.658 •Chemical review:41.298 •The Lancet: 39.060 •Nature:38.597 •Cell (IF31.057) •Science (IF31.027) •Elsevier publishing group: TOP NOTCH JOURNALS
  51. 51. HOW TO FIND IF/TIER
  52. 52. How to find quick publication list of journals Time
  53. 53. Time
  54. 54. Time
  55. 55. •See publication history •Get experiences by publishing in diverse group journals •Some journals even initially reject •Some journals allow submissions and process for a review •Invite int. experts to make team stronger •Don’t submit many papers by the same author in the same journal! Where to publish?
  56. 56. BEST PAPER SELECTION PROCESS
  57. 57. HOW TO SELECT TOP CITED/DOWNLOADED ARTICLES
  58. 58. WWW.SCIENCEDIRECT.COM
  59. 59. TOP 25 IN APPLIED ENERGY
  60. 60. HOW TO SUBMIT
  61. 61. •Some journals accept submission of a review manuscript only by an invitation •Some journals allow submission only review manuscript •Some Journals allow submission of both (Original and review works) •Some Journals Editors ask authors CV to verify expertise in the field SUBMISSION OF A REVIEW MANUSCRIPT
  62. 62. Challenges in submitting review paper
  63. 63. Whats are challenges •Need to be steadfast, patient, never give up •Sometimes rejected after submission of many times in different journals •Challenging comments from editors/reviewers •Identify alternatives •Lack of expertise
  64. 64. Thank for your kind E-mail: saidur@um.edu.my

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