The vietnam war

2,935 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics, Travel

The vietnam war

  1. 2. <ul><li>Why was Vietnam divided? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the United States become involved in the conflict? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did many Americans oppose the war? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the youth and counterculture affect government policy? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Johnson and Nixon Administrations differ in their war goals? </li></ul><ul><li>How did this loss change American Cold War policies </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Nov 1, 1955-Apr 30, 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbor of Red China </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh the leader of N Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Ngo Dinh Diem was the leader of S Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>17th parallel </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>North Vietnam=Communist </li></ul><ul><li>South Vietnam=Republic (backed by the U.S.) </li></ul><ul><li>Vietcong=rebels in South Vietnam that supported communism </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Stop the spread of communism </li></ul><ul><li>16,000 troops in Vietnam by 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Diem loses his people’s support and he is assassinated in 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of defense believed in cutting cost by modernizing the armed forces </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>“ I am not going to lose Vietnam” </li></ul><ul><li>“ We’re not sending over American boys to do what Asian boys should be doing” </li></ul><ul><li>Gulf of Tonkin had a major impact on the U.S. involvement in Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>By 1965, the Vietcong, had a strong hold in South Vietnam </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Ho Chi Minh trail allowed supplies to get through Vietnam easily </li></ul><ul><li>1965 saw tremendous growth of U.S. presence in Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Jungle warfare with the Vietcong and bombing of North Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Tet offensive by the Vietcong </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Who is the enemy? </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. soldiers walked through jungles with 10ft. Tall elephant grass across flooded rice paddies </li></ul><ul><li>Fought leaches, fever, jungle rot, and snakes </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. harmed civilians with bombs, agent orange, and napalm </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Village that supposedly housed 250 Vietcong </li></ul><ul><li>Instead had women and children </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. solders given the order to kill them all </li></ul><ul><li>175 killed and more than 400 wounded </li></ul><ul><li>Helicopter crew stopped them </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Many student protests </li></ul><ul><li>Pentagon lied about Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance to war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t afford college, you most likely would be drafted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People used excuses such as physical disabilities to avoid being drafted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some left the country </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><ul><li>Racial war? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others supported the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many bumper stickers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Counterculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex, drugs, rock and roll, hippies, and dress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a sexual revolution as many couples begin to live together outside of marriage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illegal drugs become more prominent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rock and roll events get out of control </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Vietnamization-removing American troops and replacing them with Vietnamese soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Severely decreased the military between 1968-1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Kent St. </li></ul><ul><li>Sign an agreement in Paris in January 1973 withdrawing all forces within 60 days </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>Fighting continues after the treaty </li></ul><ul><li>April 30, 1975, Saigon is surrounded and South Vietnam surrenders and Vietnam is reunited </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>58,000 Americans died </li></ul><ul><li>150 billion dollars spent in direct expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia and Laos also fall to communism </li></ul><ul><li>No love for the troops </li></ul>

×