The Colonies<br />
I. Southern Colonies<br />II. New England Colonies<br />III. Middle Colonies<br />
Movie Recommendations<br />The Scarlet Letter<br />The Crucible<br />
I. Southern Colonies<br />
A. White Women Newcomers<br />150 Tobacco brides were sent between 1620-1621<br />Passages paid for with 120 pounds of tob...
B. Tough Conditions<br />Disease wiped out many of them<br />Life span men 48 and women 39<br />33% of couples expect thei...
C. Patriarchal<br />Loose compared to Europe<br />Daughters were sometimes left inheritance because the lifespan was so sh...
D. Married Women<br />Subordinated their legal identity to her husband<br />Children and property all belonged to the husb...
Dower Right<br />1/3 of the estate went to the wife if her husband died<br />Sometimes they would receive more<br />
E. Indentured Servants<br />Property of masters for a fixed period of time<br />Usually 4-7 years<br />¾ migrated to the C...
F. African-American Women<br />Tremendously changed the life of white women<br />At first came over as indentured servants...
AA Families<br />No marriage and unions hard to obtain<br />Separated through sale, which left the mother in charge of the...
II. New England Colonies<br />
A. Puritans<br />Persecuted in England<br />4 to 1 male to female ratio<br />Women married early<br />7.8 children per fam...
Sex out of wedlock accepted as long as they married<br />Women that had children without a father present were ridiculed p...
B. Disorderly Women<br />Anne Hutchinson<br />Interpreted women’s roles and the Bible differently<br />Held informal relig...
C. Witchcraft<br />Most dramatic crime associated with women<br />Salem Witchcraft trials in 1692 had 200 accused and 19 h...
D. Women’s Work<br />Childbearing, Childrearing, and food making<br />Produced candles, soap, made clothes<br />Many women...
III. Middle Colonies<br />
A. Women in NY and New Netherlands<br />Dutch rule<br />They could chose a marriage like what was prevalent in other Colon...
This changed when the English started to have a greater influence in these colonies<br />
B. Pennsylvania<br />Established by William Penn and the Quakers<br />Egalitarian society<br />Believed that women should ...
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The colonies pp

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The colonies pp

  1. 1. The Colonies<br />
  2. 2. I. Southern Colonies<br />II. New England Colonies<br />III. Middle Colonies<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Movie Recommendations<br />The Scarlet Letter<br />The Crucible<br />
  5. 5. I. Southern Colonies<br />
  6. 6. A. White Women Newcomers<br />150 Tobacco brides were sent between 1620-1621<br />Passages paid for with 120 pounds of tobacco<br />Gave males a sexual partner as well as help on the farm<br />14% women<br />After 1700’s becomes male to female ratio becomes more balanced<br />
  7. 7. B. Tough Conditions<br />Disease wiped out many of them<br />Life span men 48 and women 39<br />33% of couples expect their marriage to last 10 years or more<br />Remarrying was common<br />
  8. 8. C. Patriarchal<br />Loose compared to Europe<br />Daughters were sometimes left inheritance because the lifespan was so short<br />
  9. 9. D. Married Women<br />Subordinated their legal identity to her husband<br />Children and property all belonged to the husband<br />Men responsible for all legal actions<br />With the adoption of slavery in the 1700’s, wealthier women sometimes would read and write, play music, and do needlework<br />
  10. 10. Dower Right<br />1/3 of the estate went to the wife if her husband died<br />Sometimes they would receive more<br />
  11. 11. E. Indentured Servants<br />Property of masters for a fixed period of time<br />Usually 4-7 years<br />¾ migrated to the Chesapeake were indentured servants<br />Sent to the tobacco fields<br />Some sexually exploited but couldn’t marry<br />20% became pregnant which hurt their ability to work<br />
  12. 12. F. African-American Women<br />Tremendously changed the life of white women<br />At first came over as indentured servants<br />1643, law placed a tax on the labor of African women<br />1662, established a law that said if your mom was free, you were free, but if your mom was a slave, you were a slave<br />
  13. 13. AA Families<br />No marriage and unions hard to obtain<br />Separated through sale, which left the mother in charge of the children<br />3 kids was the average<br />Planted rice by digging a hole with their heal and dropping seed, then covered it up with their foot<br />By 1720’s 9 kids was the average<br />
  14. 14. II. New England Colonies<br />
  15. 15. A. Puritans<br />Persecuted in England<br />4 to 1 male to female ratio<br />Women married early<br />7.8 children per family<br />Hierarchy in place with established roles<br />Impotence and desertion were two things that could led to divorce<br />
  16. 16. Sex out of wedlock accepted as long as they married<br />Women that had children without a father present were ridiculed publicly and could face punishment<br />Schooling not as important for girls as they were for boys<br />
  17. 17. B. Disorderly Women<br />Anne Hutchinson<br />Interpreted women’s roles and the Bible differently<br />Held informal religious meetings in her home<br />Trial in 1637 said that “she was a husband rather than a wife, a preacher rather than a listener, and a magistrate rather than a subject”<br />Banished from Massachusetts and moved to Rhode Island<br />
  18. 18. C. Witchcraft<br />Most dramatic crime associated with women<br />Salem Witchcraft trials in 1692 had 200 accused and 19 hung<br />Satan’s servants<br />Unique power?<br />Women that were speaking out had to be possessed because they knew better than to defy gender roles<br />
  19. 19. D. Women’s Work<br />Childbearing, Childrearing, and food making<br />Produced candles, soap, made clothes<br />Many women worked together<br />Spoke on behalf of husbands estate when he was away<br />African-American women taught skill in “housewifery”<br />
  20. 20. III. Middle Colonies<br />
  21. 21. A. Women in NY and New Netherlands<br />Dutch rule<br />They could chose a marriage like what was prevalent in other Colonies<br />They could chose to be equal, have the same rights, maintain legal identity, and maiden name<br />Children did not receive inheritance until both parents died<br />
  22. 22. This changed when the English started to have a greater influence in these colonies<br />
  23. 23. B. Pennsylvania<br />Established by William Penn and the Quakers<br />Egalitarian society<br />Believed that women should not be subordinate to men<br />Women could teach and preach<br />Rural areas were different as servitude was needed among women<br />Female slaves were also maids<br />

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