Origins of the cold war


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Origins of the cold war

  1. 2. <ul><li>What is a Cold War? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the U.S. and Soviet Union have a conflict? </li></ul><ul><li>What was containment? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the domino effect? </li></ul><ul><li>What major events demonstrated the Cold War conflict </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Face to Face Meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Post WWII Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Truman Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>NATO </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic Bomb </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>A. Continuing state of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition that existed after WWII between the United States (and its allies) and the Soviet Union (and its allies) </li></ul><ul><li>B. Lasted from 1947-1991 </li></ul><ul><li>C. Tension had been mounting since 1917 when the Soviet Union emerged from the Russian Revolution as the world’s first communist state. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>A. Yalta Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to divide Germany and Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin wanted the U.S.S.R. to pay 10 billion dollars in war damages </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to control Poland with Communism </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>B. United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Established to keep peace </li></ul><ul><li>United States, Great Britain, France, China, and the Soviet Union all have permanent seats </li></ul><ul><li>C. Potsdam Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Truman heard about the successful test of the Atomic bomb </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin knew of this because he had a spy </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>A. United States </li></ul><ul><li>Spread democracy and economic opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalism is defined as the economic system in which the means of production are owned by private persons, and operated for profit </li></ul><ul><li>Investments, distribution, income, production, and pricing of goods and services are predominantly determined through the operation of a free market. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>B. Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Communism is a socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless society based on common ownership of the means of production and property in general </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of private property, goods are available only as needed </li></ul><ul><li>One of there viewpoints had to do with the violent overthrow of capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite Nations: countries subject to Soviet Union invasion </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>C. Containment </li></ul><ul><li>Not eliminate communism but contain it </li></ul><ul><li>American Diplomat, George Kennan developed the idea </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>D. The Iron Curtain </li></ul><ul><li>Speech delivered by Sir Winston Churchill </li></ul><ul><li>Represented a curtain that divided Europe </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>A. Proclamation by President Truman in 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>B. Urged economic and military aid to countries that were threatened by Communism </li></ul><ul><li>C. Domino Effect </li></ul><ul><li>If one country fell to communism, others would follow </li></ul><ul><li>Greece and Turkey were two countries that we were very worried about </li></ul><ul><li>D. Other countries in Europe received aid to help them against communism </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>A. Soft side of the Truman Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>B. Named after Secretary of State, George Marshall </li></ul><ul><li>C. Provide aid to countries in Europe to rebuild from WWII </li></ul><ul><li>D. Every country but Germany experienced tremendous growth </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>A. Eastern Germany part of German </li></ul><ul><li>B. Berlin Blockade </li></ul><ul><li>SU blocked access to West Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>France, GB, and U.S began airlifting supplies into West Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>The SU lifted the blockade, 10 months later. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Berlin Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union tells the Western powers that they have 6 months to leave </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>New United States President JFK said that the United States would not back down </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviet Union begins construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>A. North American Trade Organization </li></ul><ul><li>B. Members agreed that if one nation was attacked, it was an attack on all nations in NATO </li></ul><ul><li>C. The Soviet Union responds with the Warsaw Pact </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>A. Soviet Union had their first successful test of the atomic bomb in 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>B. Truman gave the approval for developing the hydrogen or thermonuclear bomb which was many times more destructive than the atomic bomb </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>A. Chinese government battled against communism since 1920 </li></ul><ul><li>B. Chiang Kai-shek led the Chinese government </li></ul><ul><li>C. Mao Zedong led the communist party </li></ul><ul><li>D. After World War II, the communist party wins China and Chiang Kai-shek and his followers withdrew to Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>E. Mao proclaimed the creation of the People’s Republic of China </li></ul>