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Harlem renaissance

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Harlem renaissance

  1. 1. HARLEM RENAISSANCE African-American Culture in the 1920’s
  2. 2. Harlem: A neighborhood in New York City. The center of the African American political, cultural, and artistic movement in the 1920s and early 1930s.
  3. 3. The Neighborhood
  4. 4. Push Factors: Why to Get Out of the South • Jim Crow laws • Lynching and KKK • Flood • Boll Weevil infestation
  5. 5. Pull Factors: Why to Head North • Jobs • NAACP • Leaders like W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington inspire people
  6. 6. Title 1930 1920 1911 1920
  7. 7. The Harlem section of New York City was transformed from a deteriorating area into a thriving middle class community Before After
  8. 8. Rise of the Black Middle Class
  9. 9. Rise of the Black Elite
  10. 10. Flowering of Black Culture • Harlem Renaissance: A period of time during the 1920’s and early 1930’s when a group of talented African- American writers, thinkers and artists made a sizable contribution to American culture
  11. 11. Music: Jazz • Began with African-American musicians in New Orleans and transported North during Great Migration • Blended blues and ragtime with improvisation and syncopated rhythms to produce totally new sound • Has been called the single greatest contribution Americans have made to world culture • Jazz influenced all American popular music that came after it
  12. 12. THE JAZZ AGE • The era from right after WWI until the stock market crash in 1929, during which jazz increased in popularity. It was a reaction to the hardship of the war and was characterized by prosperity, extravagance and self-indulgent behavior
  13. 13. Louis Armstrong Greatest trumpet player of the Jazz Age Reinvented the range of sounds a trumpet makes
  14. 14. Duke Ellington Master composer and bandleader who wrote over 1,000 jazz songs
  15. 15. Great Jazz Singers Billie Holliday Bessie Smith Ella Fitzgerald
  16. 16. Cotton Club Apollo Theater Many Jazz artists got their start at the Apollo Theater or the Cotton Club in Harlem
  17. 17. Literature • At the same time, African- American authors were giving their own voice to the experience of being black in America • Plays depicting African- Americans with complex emotions are put on stage (challenged minstrel images)
  18. 18. LANGSTON HUGHES • Poet, playwright and novelist • His first collection of poems: I, Too, Sing America (1925)
  19. 19. HARLEM What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore— And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over— like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode? --Langston Hughes
  20. 20. ZORA NEALE HURSTON • Novelist, short story writer, folklorist and anthropologist • Novel: Their Eyes Were Watching God • Major influence on Ralph Ellison, Toni Morrison and Alice Walker
  21. 21. INTELLECTUALS: MARCUS GARVEY • Became convinced uniting blacks only way to improve their condition • Founded the United Negro Improvement Association in 1914 to unite blacks • Back-to-Africa movement • Goal to form their own country • Black Star Line: fleet of ships used by the UNIA

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