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Ally McBride Level B5
Encomiendas
Definition:

Other Information:

• The system that’s instituted
in 1503, under a Spanish
soldier or colonist w...
Viceroys
Definition:

Other Information:

• A person appointed to rule a
country or province as the
deputy of the sovereig...
Francisco Pizarro
Definition

Other Information:

• Spanish conqueror of Peru.

• Pizarro was inspired by
Cortes and set h...
Montezuma
Definition:

Other Information:

• Montezuma is the
emperor of the Aztecs.

• Took power after the
death of his ...
La Malinche
Definition:

Other Information:

• One of 20 women
• A Nahua woman from
servants given to the
the Mexican Gulf...
Conquistadors
Definition:

Other Information:

• Spanish explorers who
claimed land in the
Americas for Spain in the
1500s...
Las Casas
Definition:

Other Information:

• Spanish Dominican
missionary and historian in
then Americas.

• One of the fi...
Treaty of Paris
Definition:

Other Information

• A treaty signed in 1763 by
France, Spain, and Great
Britain that ended t...
Cartier
Definition:

Other information:

• Jacques French navigator
and explorer in Canada,
who discovered the St.
Lawrenc...
Olaudah Equiano
Definition:

Other Information:

• He was enslaved as a child
• African slave that was
sold in the West In...
Peninsulares
Definition:

Other Information

• Spanish-born Spaniard or
mainland Spaniard residing
in the New World or the...
Creoles
Definition:

Other Information:

• A person born in the
West Indies or Spanish
America but of
European, usually
Sp...
Mestizos
Definition:
Other information:
A person of racially mixed • A Casta System racial category
during Spanish control...
Tenochtitlan
Definition:
• The capital of the Aztec
Empire: founded in 1325;
destroyed by the Spaniards
in 1521; now the s...
Columbian Exchange
Definition:
The Columbian Exchange was
a big widespread exchange of
animals, plants, culture
(including...
Middle Passage
Definition:
• The part of the Atlantic
Ocean between the west
coast of Africa and the West
Indies. The long...
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Allison mc bride layered curriculum

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Allison mc bride layered curriculum

  1. 1. Ally McBride Level B5
  2. 2. Encomiendas Definition: Other Information: • The system that’s instituted in 1503, under a Spanish soldier or colonist was granted a piece of land or village together with its Indian inhabitants. • Spanish crown granted a person a specified number of natives for whom they were to take responsibility • Receiver of the grant was to protect the natives from warring tribes and to instruct them in the Spanish language and in the Catholic faith
  3. 3. Viceroys Definition: Other Information: • A person appointed to rule a country or province as the deputy of the sovereign: the viceroy of India. • Originally used by the Crown of Aragon
  4. 4. Francisco Pizarro Definition Other Information: • Spanish conqueror of Peru. • Pizarro was inspired by Cortes and set his sights on the Inca Empire. • Before he came a civil war had just finished leaving Atahualpa as the ruler • Pizarro kidnapped Atahualpa. • Demanded a huge ransom. • Killed Atahualpa and thousands of his people.
  5. 5. Montezuma Definition: Other Information: • Montezuma is the emperor of the Aztecs. • Took power after the death of his half-uncle • Organized the construction and completion of a double aqueduct pipe system, that supplying fresh water
  6. 6. La Malinche Definition: Other Information: • One of 20 women • A Nahua woman from servants given to the the Mexican Gulf Coast, Spaniards by the natives who played a role in the of Tabasco in 1519 Spanish conquest of • She became a mistress Mexico, acting as to Cortés interpreter, advisor, • She was intermixed with lover, and intermediary Aztec legends for Hernán Cortés
  7. 7. Conquistadors Definition: Other Information: • Spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for Spain in the 1500s and 1600s. • Conquistadors would force the natives to pan for gold. • They had superior weapons and armor.
  8. 8. Las Casas Definition: Other Information: • Spanish Dominican missionary and historian in then Americas. • One of the first European settlers in the Americas • 1515, he reformed his views, gave up his Indian slaves and encomienda • Advocated the use of African slaves instead of Natives in the WestIndian colonies
  9. 9. Treaty of Paris Definition: Other Information • A treaty signed in 1763 by France, Spain, and Great Britain that ended the Seven Years' War and the French and Indian War. • Made Spain surrender control over Cuba and ceding Puerto Rico • Cession of the Philippines made a payment of $20 million to Spain from the U.S. • Signaled the end of the Spanish Empire in America and the Pacific Ocean
  10. 10. Cartier Definition: Other information: • Jacques French navigator and explorer in Canada, who discovered the St. Lawrence River • • • The first European to describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River Born in 1491 in Saint-Malo His first voyage was in 1534
  11. 11. Olaudah Equiano Definition: Other Information: • He was enslaved as a child • African slave that was sold in the West Indies. • He purchased his freedom • He worked as an author, After gaining freedom, merchant, and explorer in abolitionist and writer in South America, the England. Caribbean, the Arctic, the American colonies, and the United Kingdom • He settled in the United Kingdom in 1792
  12. 12. Peninsulares Definition: Other Information • Spanish-born Spaniard or mainland Spaniard residing in the New World or the Spanish East Indies. • Colonial social hierarchy, the Peninsulares were nominally at the top • Colonial officials arrived to fulfill their duty governing the Spanish colonies in Latin America and Philippines
  13. 13. Creoles Definition: Other Information: • A person born in the West Indies or Spanish America but of European, usually Spanish, ancestry. • Generally excluded from high office in both church and state • The noun creole was used to denote descendants of any European settlers
  14. 14. Mestizos Definition: Other information: A person of racially mixed • A Casta System racial category during Spanish control over ancestry, especially, in their American colonies. Latin America, of mixed • Mixed-raced people avoided American Indian and being mixed up the original term of mestizo by using castas European, usually Spanish instead or Portuguese, ancestry, or, • In colonial period mestizos in the Philippines, of mixed became the major group in the native and foreign ancestry. Spanish-speaking part of Latin America
  15. 15. Tenochtitlan Definition: • The capital of the Aztec Empire: founded in 1325; destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521; now the site of Mexico City. Other Information • Aztec altepetl (city-state) located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in the Valley of Mexico, and was founded in 1325 • Was the largest city in the Pre-Columbian Americas.
  16. 16. Columbian Exchange Definition: The Columbian Exchange was a big widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture (including slaves), communicable diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres. Other Information • The Columbian exchange of crops affected both the Old World and the New. Amerindian crops that have crossed oceans. • Exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations, communicable disease, technology and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres
  17. 17. Middle Passage Definition: • The part of the Atlantic Ocean between the west coast of Africa and the West Indies. The longest part of the journey formerly made by slave ships. Other Information: • Ships went to African Markets with manufactured stuff to trade for purchased or kidnapped Africans to become slaves for the Europeans • Was considered a time of inbetweenness • Estimated 15% of Africans died at sea • Slavery from 1500 to 1900 suggests up to four million African deaths

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