How to Outline Like a Rockstar

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  • Fair enough. But let me ask you this. Would it be wise for you to go somewhere you have never been before that is half way across the country without some sort of direction? REMEMBER…I said would it be WISE…. ;-)
  • So just think of an outline as a way of getting to your end place, your goal, without letting you get lost on the way. It is a
  • Roadmap or GPS
  • So how do I start? Start by getting out a piece of paper <ALLOW 1 minute to get out paper>
  • AFTER YOU HAVE LABELED YOUR PAPER, YOU NEED TO START WITH YOUR FIRST PARAGRAPH WHICH IS YOUR <WAIT FOR ANSWER> INTRO . PUT THE ROMAN NUMVER I AT THE FAR LEFT SIDE OF YOUR PAPER, NEXT TO THE PINK VERTICAL LINE. WRITE THE WORD INTRODUCTION NEXT TO IT. NOW GO TO THE NEXT LINE AND WRITE A.
  • SO NEXT TO THE A. YOU NEED TO WRITE YOUR HOOK. IT NEEDS TO BE A SENTENCE. HOW ARE YOU GOING TO GET YOUR AUDIENCE INTO YOUR PAPER? SCENARIO? RHETORICAL QUESTION? QUOTE? WHAT? WRITE THE WORD “HOOK” AND SKIP A LINE. TONIGHT YOU WILL WRITE THIS AS A COMPLETE SENETENCE. AN OUTLINE IS DETAILED. IT NEEDS TO BE SENTENCES. IT ISN’T JUST BRAINSTORMING. CAN YOU IMAGINE IF YOUR GPS SAID OK…SO LIKE…TURN SOMEWHERE AROUND HERE…MAYBE…I DON’T KNOW…SO CONSIDER THE NEXT FEW SENTENCES THE ADDRESS YOU ARE PLUGGING INTO YOUR GPS
  • THE SECOND SET OF SENTENCES WILL SET THE OUTLOOK FOR YOUR PAPER. THIS WILL GIVE YOUR AUDIENCE SOME CLUE AS TO WHERE YOU ARE GOING. –AGAIN THE ADDRESS OF YOUR DESTINATION-- (THIS MEANS YOU SHOULD HAVE ALREADY DONE SOME BRAINSTORMING BEFORE NOW). HOW DOES YOUR HOOK RELATE TO YOUR THESIS? WHAT ARE YOUR BODY PARAGRAPHS? DON’T SELF REFER! SO AN, EXAMPLE MIGHT BE. A. (hook) HOW MANY TIMES HAS THE WORD MARTYR BEEN USED IN SOCIETY TODAY? B. MARTYRS ARE KNOWN THROUGHOUT HISTORY IN THE FORMS OF SAINTS, POLITICAL FIGURES, AND MILITARY FIGURES. SUBPOINT 1. MARTYRS ARE IN HISTORY: SAINT PADRE POI (STIGMATA), POLITICAL FIGURES (GHANDI), AND MILITARY FIGURES (VIETNAM VETS). 2. THE TERM MARTYR HAS BECOME ICONIC AND IS LOOSELY TIED TO ANYONE WHO SACRIFICES HIM OR HESELF, NOT JUST AS A LIFE, BUT AS SOMEONE WITH TIME AND FAMILY.
    3.SOME EVEN SAY THEY ARE ABLE TO “MARTYR THEMSELVES,” WHICH HAS BECOME A NEGATIVE CONNOTATION. 4. SOCIETY’S RULES AND ROLES FOR MARTYR’S HAVE CHANGED BECAUSE NOW MARTYRS ARE THE EVERYDAY PEOPLE WHO SACRIFICE THEMSELVES AS INDIVIDUALS (NURSES, MILITARY PERSONELL, TEACHERS). FOR NOW, YOU NEED TO JUST WRITE 1. SKIP A LINE, 2. SKIP A LINE, 3. SKIP A LINE. THE SET UP FOR YOUR ESSAY SHOULD BE AT LEAST 3 SENTENCES LONG. YOU’LL FILL THAT IN LATER TONIGHT.
  • INTRODUCTION
    A. HOOK HOW MANY TIMES HAS THE WORD MARTYR BEEN USED IN SOCIETY TODAY?
    BACKGROUND: MARTYRS ARE KNOWN THROUGHOUT HISTORY BUT THE TERM’S USE HAS CHANGED..
    1. HISTORY: MARTYRS ARE IN HISTORY: SAINT PADRE POI (STIGMATA), POLITICAL FIGURES (GHANDI), AND MILITARY FIGURES (VIETNAM VETS).
    2. TERM NOW:THE TERM MARTYR HAS BECOME ICONIC AND IS LOOSELY TIED TO ANYONE WHO SACRIFICES HIM OR HESELF, NOT JUST AS A LIFE, BUT AS SOMEONE WITH TIME AND FAMILY.
    3. TERM CHANGE: SOME EVEN SAY THEY ARE ABLE TO “MARTYR THEMSELVES,” WHICH HAS BECOME A NEGATIVE CONNOTATION.
    4. SOCIETY VIEW NOW: SOCIETY’S RULES AND ROLES FOR MARTYR’S HAVE CHANGED BECAUSE NOW MARTYRS ARE THE EVERYDAY PEOPLE WHO SACRIFICE THEMSELVES AS INDIVIDUALS (NURSES, MILITARY PERSONELL, TEACHERS).
  • WE’RE STILL IN PARAGRAPH ONE! ….THIS WILL LEAD YOU TO THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF YOUR FIRST PARAGRAPH. YOUR THESIS. ON THE NEXT LINE, WRITE C. THEN WRITE YOUR THESIS. I’LL GIVE YOU 2 MINUTES. WRITE YOUR THESIS NOW. MY EXAMPLE THESIS MIGHT BE “THE ARCHETYPAL MARTYR EXISTS IN TODAY’S SOCIETY, BUT PEOPLE SHOULD REALIZE THAT IT IS NOT SOMEONE WHO JUST SACRIFICES THEMSELVES IN BODY; MARTYRS NOW EXIST AS SERVICE PEOPLE WHO SACRIFICE LIVES OF PRIVILEGE TO SERVE THEIR FELLOW MAN.
  • NOW YOU ARE ON YOUR SECOND PARAGRAPH. LABEL IT II. IN THIS PARAGRAPH YOU WILL QUALIFY AND QUANTIFY YOUR TERMS. SO NEXT TO THE II. WRITE “QUALIFY AND QUANTIFY TERMS. THEN WRITE A. NEXT TO A. WRITE YOUR TERM (WHATEVER IT IS) AND THE WORD QUANTIFY .THIS WILL BE YOUR FIRST TERM TO QUANTIFY. FOR THE EXAMPLE PAPER, IT WOULD BE “MARTYR.” FOR THIS I MAY HAVE SEVERAL SUBPOINTS. A. “MARTYR.” FOR THIS I MAY HAVE SEVERAL SUBPOINTS. SO FOR YOUR OUTLINE, WRITE A, “WRITE YOUR FIRST TERM “ AND “QUANTIFY” NEXT TO IT<30s>, , THEN WRITE 1. UNDERNEATH THAT. 1. IS THE DICTIONARY DEFINITION. 2. MAY BE WHAT SOCIETY USED TO THINK <A SOURCE OR TWO FOR THIS WOULD BE NEEDED>; 3. WOULD BE WHAT SOCIETY SEES NOW . YOU’LL FILL THIS IN LATER. SO FOR NOW, WRITE 1., 2., AND 3. AND YOU’LL FILL THAT IN LATER.
  • IT LOOKS LIKE THIS
  • THE SECOND SENTENCE WILL ESTABLISH WHY THIS IS IMPORTANT NOT ONLY FOR YOUR PAPER, BUT ALSO TO YOUR AUDIENCE. SO WRITE B. AFTER THE NUMBER 3 (NEXT LINE) AND WRITE QUALIFY. THIS PART IS TRICKY BECAUSE YOU CAN’T USE “YOU” OR “I”. ESTABLISHING THE IMPORTANCE TO THE PAPER IS EASY. IT IS IMPORTANT TO DEFINE THIS TERM FOR THIS PAPER BECAUSE IT IS THE BACKBONE OF MY THESIS, BUT I CAN’T SAY THAT (I CAN’T USE MY AND I CAN’T SELF REFER) SO I HAVE TO SAY SOMETHING LIKE, THIS TERM IS ESSENTIAL TO THIS ARGUMENT, OR EXAMINATION, OR CONVERSATION, OR STUDY OR SOMETHING ALONG THOSE LINES BECAUSE…. 2. ESTABLISH THE IMPORTANCE TO THE AUDIENCE. HOW/WHY SHOULD THEY CARE. FOR MARTYRS I MIGHT SAY “IT IS IMPORTANT FOR PEOPLE TO RECOGNIZE THE CHANGE IN THE DEFINITION OF MARTYRS, BECAUSE THESE PEOPLE ARE IMPORTANT TO MODERN LIFE. WITHOUT DOCTORS AND NURSES AND TEACHERS, MODERN LIFE WOULD GRIND TO A HALT. SO WHILE THEY MAY NOT BE SAINTED OR GIVEN MEDALS OF VALOR OR STATUES IN THEIR INVIDUAL NAMES, THEY ARE ESSENTIAL TO LIFE AS IT IS KNOWN TODAY.

    YOU GUYS NEED TO WRITE 1 AND 2 UNDER B. YOU’LL FILL THAT IN LATER. <USING YOUR INDIVIDUAL POINTS>
  • SO HERE IS HOW IT LOOKS…I MAY HAVE A SECOND TERM I NEED TO QUALIFY AND QUANTIFY. IF I DO, I NEED TO GO THROUGH THE SAME STEPS.
  • CONFUSED? WHERE DO I GO FOR MY NEXT PARAGRAPH? LET’S LOOK BACK AT YOUR ESTABLISHED PATHWAY. DON’T GET SCARED! YOU HAVE YOUR GPS! REMEMBER THOSE SENTENCES IN THE FIRST PARAGRAPH? THAT WILL GUIDE WHERE YOU GO FROM HERE. FOR MINE, MY FIRST JOB IS TO DEFINE THE HISTORY. SO PARAGRAPH III. IS HISTORY. MY BODY PARAGRAPHS WILL FOLLOW THE C-D-W FORMAT. PARAGRAPH IV WOULD BE WHAT?
  • THE TERM NOW! GOOD

    SOME OF THESE MAY BE MORE THAN ONE PARAGRAPH. THAT’S OKAY.
  • LETS GO BACK AND OUTLINE A BODY PARAGRAPH AS AN EXAMPLE. PARAGRAPH III IS ON THE HISTORY OF THE TERM. REMEMBER C-D-W? SO MY CLAIM FOR THE FIRST BODY PARAGRAPH WOULD BE… MARTYRS ARE IN HISTORY: SAINT PADRE POI (STIGMATA), POLITICAL FIGURES (GHANDI), AND MILITARY FIGURES (VIETNAM VETS). BUT I CAN’T JUST SAY THAT AGAIN. I HAVE TO REPHRASE IT. HOW CAN WE REPHRASE IT? <1 MINUTE DISCUSSION>
    SO THAT IS MY PARAGRAPH III, LETTER A CLAIM: <WHAT CLASS CAME UP WITH> LETTER B. MY DATA IS WHATEVER RESEARCH I HAVE…I MIGHT HAVE FOUND A FEW BOOKS/ ARTICLES/ WEBSITES/ DESCRIBING THE TERM IN A HISTORICAL SENSE. (THIS MAY BE SEVERAL SUBPOINTS) LETTER C- MY WARRANT, THIS PROVES THAT MY TERM USED TO BE SEEN AS ….
  • REMEMBER C-D-W? SO MY CLAIM FOR THE FIRST BODY PARAGRAPH WOULD BE… MARTYRS ARE IN HISTORY: SAINT PADRE POI (STIGMATA), POLITICAL FIGURES (GHANDI), AND MILITARY FIGURES (VIETNAM VETS). BUT I CAN’T JUST SAY THAT AGAIN. I HAVE TO REPHRASE IT. HOW CAN WE REPHRASE IT? <1 MINUTE DISCUSSION>
    SO THAT IS MY PARAGRAPH III, LETTER A CLAIM: <WHAT CLASS CAME UP WITH> LETTER B. MY DATA IS WHATEVER RESEARCH I HAVE…I MIGHT HAVE FOUND A FEW BOOKS/ ARTICLES/ WEBSITES/ DESCRIBING THE TERM IN A HISTORICAL SENSE. (THIS MAY BE SEVERAL SUBPOINTS) LETTER C- MY WARRANT, THIS PROVES THAT MY TERM USED TO BE SEEN AS ….
  • FOR THE REMAINDER BODY PARAGRAPHS, REPEAT THE CLAIM DATA WARRANT FOR EACH ONE. SO PARAGRAPH 3 IS HISTORY, PARAGRAPH 4 IS TERM, PARAGRAPH FIVE IS …
  • THE TERM CHANGE! GOOD

    YOU MAY NOT HAVE RESEARCH FOR ALL OF THEM. FOR SOME, YOU MAY JUST USE LOGIC. THAT’S OKAY.
  • YOUR CONCLUSION IN YOUR END POINT. ON YOUR NOTES, WRITE PARAGRAPH ___ (THIS WILL DEPEND ON HOW MANY BODY PARAGRAPHS YOU HAVE) AND CONCLUSION. THEN WRITE THE LETTER A. THIS IS WHERE YOU REPHRASE YOUR THESIS. NOTICE I SAID REPHRASE. DO NOT RESTATE. YOU CAN DO THIS BY RECAPPING YOUR MAIN ARGUMENTS.
  • The recap is a one-sentence summary of what you’ve already argued. As in the thesis statement, the recap should be straightforward, bold, and declarative Here’s a recap example:

    The examples of NURSES, TEACHERS, AND MILITARY PERSONEL make it clear that in ROLE OF THE ARCHETYPAL MARTYR, SOMEONE MAY NOT HAVE TO SACRIFICE THEMSELVES BODILY AND MAY NOT GET MEDALS, SAINTHOOD, OR A STATUE, BUT THEY ARE STILL THE EMBODIMENT OF THAT TERM TODAY.
  • So on your paper you should have PARAGRAPH ____: CONCLUSION. THEN WRITE THE LETTER A: AND WRITE “REPHRASE THE THESIS”
    THEN WITE B. SKIP A LINE
    AND C. SKIP A LINE
  • The last two or three sentences of the essay should take the argument you just recapped and push it a little further. One of the best ways to push your argument further is to look to the future and think about what would happen if the IDEA IN YOUR essay could be applied on a broader scale. Here’s an example:

    A. The examples of NURSES, TEACHERS, AND MILITARY PERSONEL make it clear that in ROLE OF THE ARCHETYPAL MARTYR, SOMEONE MAY NOT HAVE TO SACRIFICE THEMSELVES BODILY AND MAY NOT GET MEDALS, SAINTHOOD, OR A STATUE, BUT THEY ARE STILL THE EMBODIMENT OF THAT TERM TODAY.

    As the examples of history and social service demonstrate, if everyone had the courage and insight to view MARTYDOM as a surefire way to learn from SELF-SACRIFICE, SOCIETY WOULD BENEFIT AS A WHOLE. ULTIMATELY, PEOPLE NEED TO UNDERSTAND THAT WHY THE ARCHETYPE HAS CHANGED, IT HAS NOT DISAPPEARED AND STILL HELPS PEOPLE EVERY DAY.

    THIS SENTENCE NEEDS TO MAKE IT MATTER TO THE PEOPLE
  • to build transitions is to choose examples from YOUR PARAGRAPHS, such as TERM HISTORY AND TERM NOW. If the first paragraph is about a TERM’S HISTORY AND YOUR SECOND IS ABOUT A TERM’S CURRENT UNDERSTANDING USE THAT SIMILARITY TO transition: “As in THE PAST, THE TERM MARTYR SUGGEST SOMEONE WHO SACRIFICES THEMSELVES.
  • How to Outline Like a Rockstar

    1. 1. HOW TO OUTLINE LIKE A<br />ROCKSTAR!<br />
    2. 2. I DON’T DO OUTLINES<br />
    3. 3.
    4. 4.
    5. 5.
    6. 6. LABEL THIS OUTLINE, AND ADD YOUR MLA HEADING<br />
    7. 7. START WITH YOUR FIRST PARAGRAPHLABEL IT I.<br />
    8. 8. PARAGRAPH ONE<br />
    9. 9. B.<br />
    10. 10. INTRODUCTION<br /> A. HOOK HOW MANY TIMES HAS THE WORD MARTYR BEEN USED IN SOCIETY TODAY? <br />B. BACKGROUND:MARTYRS ARE KNOWN THROUGHOUT HISTORY BUT THE TERM’S USE HAS CHANGED<br /> 1. HISTORY:MARTYRS ARE IN HISTORY: SAINT PADRE POI (STIGMATA), POLITICAL FIGURES (GHANDI), AND MILITARY FIGURES (VIETNAM VETS). <br />2. TERMNOW:THE TERM MARTYR HAS BECOME ICONIC AND IS LOOSELY TIED TO ANYONE WHO SACRIFICES HIM OR HESELF, NOT JUST AS A LIFE, BUT AS SOMEONE WITH TIME AND FAMILY. <br /> 3. TERMCHANGE:SOME EVEN SAY THEY ARE ABLE TO “MARTYR THEMSELVES,” WHICH HAS BECOME A NEGATIVE CONNOTATION. <br />4. SOCIETY VIEW NOW: SOCIETY’S RULES AND ROLES FOR MARTYR’S HAVE CHANGED BECAUSE NOW MARTYRS ARE THE EVERYDAY PEOPLE WHO SACRIFICE THEMSELVES AS INDIVIDUALS (NURSES, MILITARY PERSONELL, TEACHERS). <br />
    11. 11. C.THESIS<br />
    12. 12. NOW YOU ARE ON YOUR SECOND PARAGRAPHLABEL IT II.<br />
    13. 13. A. “MARTYR.” QUANTIFY: 1. THE DICTIONARY DEFINITION <SOURCE> 2. MAY BE WHAT SOCIETY USED TO THINK <A SOURCE > 3. WOULD BE WHAT SOCIETY SEES NOW . <br />
    14. 14. B.<br />
    15. 15. IB. MARTYR: QUALIFY 1.THIS TERM IS ESSENTIAL TO THIS ARGUMENT, OR EXAMINATION, OR CONVERSATION, OR STUDY OR SOMETHING ALONG THOSE LINES BECAUSE…. 2. IT IS IMPORTANT FOR PEOPLE TO RECOGNIZE THE CHANGE IN THE DEFINITION OF MARTYRS, BECAUSE THESE PEOPLE ARE IMPORTANT TO MODERN LIFE. WITHOUT DOCTORS AND NURSES AND TEACHERS, MODERN LIFE WOULD GRIND TO A HALT. SO WHILE THEY MAY NOT BE SAINTED OR GIVEN MEDALS OF VALOR OR STATUES IN THEIR INVIDUAL NAMES, THEY ARE ESSENTIAL TO LIFE AS IT IS KNOWN TODAY. <br />
    16. 16.
    17. 17. INTRODUCTION<br /> A. HOOK HOW MANY TIMES HAS THE WORD MARTYR BEEN USED IN SOCIETY TODAY? <br />B. BACKGROUND:MARTYRS ARE KNOWN THROUGHOUT HISTORY BUT THE TERM’S USE HAS CHANGED<br /> 1. HISTORY:MARTYRS ARE IN HISTORY: SAINT PADRE POI (STIGMATA), POLITICAL FIGURES (GHANDI), AND MILITARY FIGURES (VIETNAM VETS). <br />2. TERMNOW:THE TERM MARTYR HAS BECOME ICONIC AND IS LOOSELY TIED TO ANYONE WHO SACRIFICES HIM OR HESELF, NOT JUST AS A LIFE, BUT AS SOMEONE WITH TIME AND FAMILY. <br /> 3. TERMCHANGE:SOME EVEN SAY THEY ARE ABLE TO “MARTYR THEMSELVES,” WHICH HAS BECOME A NEGATIVE CONNOTATION. <br />4. SOCIETY VIEW NOW: SOCIETY’S RULES AND ROLES FOR MARTYR’S HAVE CHANGED BECAUSE NOW MARTYRS ARE THE EVERYDAY PEOPLE WHO SACRIFICE THEMSELVES AS INDIVIDUALS (NURSES, MILITARY PERSONELL, TEACHERS). <br />
    18. 18. FOR BODY PARAGRAPHS FOLLOW THE CDW<br />
    19. 19. III. HISTORY<br />A. : MARTYRS ARE IN HISTORY AS: SAINT PADRE POI (STIGMATA), POLITICAL FIGURES (GHANDI), AND MILITARY FIGURES (VIETNAM VETS). <br />B. MY DATA: IS WHATEVER RESEARCH I HAVE…I MIGHT HAVE FOUND A FEW BOOKS/ ARTICLES/ WEBSITES/ DESCRIBING THE TERM IN A HISTORICAL SENSE. (THIS MAY BE SEVERAL SUBPOINTS—ESPECIALLY SINCE I CITE 3 GROUPS HERE) <br />C- MY WARRANT,:THIS DATA PROVES THAT MY TERM USED TO BE SEEN AS HISTORICALLY SOMEONE THAT WAS HONORED AND SACRIFICED THEIR LIVES IN A PHYSICAL SENSE. <br />
    20. 20. FOR THE REST, JUST RINSE AND REPEAT<br />
    21. 21. INTRODUCTION<br /> A. HOOK HOW MANY TIMES HAS THE WORD MARTYR BEEN USED IN SOCIETY TODAY? <br />B. BACKGROUND:MARTYRS ARE KNOWN THROUGHOUT HISTORY BUT THE TERM’S USE HAS CHANGED<br /> 1. HISTORY:MARTYRS ARE IN HISTORY: SAINT PADRE POI (STIGMATA), POLITICAL FIGURES (GHANDI), AND MILITARY FIGURES (VIETNAM VETS). <br />2. TERMNOW:THE TERM MARTYR HAS BECOME ICONIC AND IS LOOSELY TIED TO ANYONE WHO SACRIFICES HIM OR HESELF, NOT JUST AS A LIFE, BUT AS SOMEONE WITH TIME AND FAMILY. <br /> 3. TERMCHANGE:SOME EVEN SAY THEY ARE ABLE TO “MARTYR THEMSELVES,” WHICH HAS BECOME A NEGATIVE CONNOTATION. <br />4. SOCIETY VIEW NOW: SOCIETY’S RULES AND ROLES FOR MARTYR’S HAVE CHANGED BECAUSE NOW MARTYRS ARE THE EVERYDAY PEOPLE WHO SACRIFICE THEMSELVES AS INDIVIDUALS (NURSES, MILITARY PERSONELL, TEACHERS). <br />
    22. 22. WHAT COMES AFTER BODY PARAGRAPHS?<br />
    23. 23.
    24. 24. CONCLUSION<br />
    25. 25.
    26. 26. I. CONCLUSIONA. REPHRASE THESISB. C. <br />
    27. 27.
    28. 28. TRANSITIONS<br />

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