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Chapter 3 Immigrants and their role in developing Singapore
Who were the immigrants? <ul><li>People of different races from different parts of the world who came immediately after Ra...
Why did they come <ul><li>Push factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of jobs in homeland. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural ...
Where did they come from? <ul><li>Arabia – the Arabs who were mainly traders. </li></ul><ul><li>Europe – mainly the Britis...
Factors that led to growth of trade <ul><li>Political future assured by Anglo-Dutch Treaty which recognised Singapore as a...
How trade was carried out? <ul><li>Europeans established trading companies and agency houses. </li></ul><ul><li>They bough...
Read more about it! <ul><li>Raffles’ Town Plan </li></ul>
Which means……
Point to ponder <ul><li>‘ To a large extent, Raffles was racist when he came up with the Raffles’ Town Plan.’ Do you agree...
<ul><li>The End </li></ul>
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Chapter 3

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Contributions of early immigrants to Singapore

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Chapter 3

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Immigrants and their role in developing Singapore
  2. 2. Who were the immigrants? <ul><li>People of different races from different parts of the world who came immediately after Raffles founded Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>Population swelled: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1819 – a few hundreds of pirates and Orang Laut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1824 – 10,683 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1891 – 181, 602 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By 1840, the Chinese outnumbered the Malays. </li></ul><ul><li>The first people who came were the Malays and the Chinese from Malacca. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why did they come <ul><li>Push factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of jobs in homeland. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural disasters. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unrest in home country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Famine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pull factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of restriction on immigrants. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business opportunities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free port </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security provided by the British government. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Where did they come from? <ul><li>Arabia – the Arabs who were mainly traders. </li></ul><ul><li>Europe – mainly the British, Dutch and the Portugese. </li></ul><ul><li>India – Tamils, Malayalees, Gujaratis, Sindhees and Parsees. Some were labourers and convicts, others were laundrymen, milkmen, moneylenders and money changers. </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka – Tamil and Sinhalese. </li></ul><ul><li>China – Mainly from Fujian, Guangdong and Hainan Island. </li></ul><ul><li>Malacca and Penang – Peranakans (Straits-born Chinese). </li></ul><ul><li>Malay Archipelago – Malays, Javanese, Boyanese and Bugis. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Factors that led to growth of trade <ul><li>Political future assured by Anglo-Dutch Treaty which recognised Singapore as a British possession. </li></ul><ul><li>Free port – No import and export charges and port duties. </li></ul><ul><li>Its strategic location meant that it could attract traders from the east and west. </li></ul><ul><li>Private enterprise was encouraged and there were no monopolies. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How trade was carried out? <ul><li>Europeans established trading companies and agency houses. </li></ul><ul><li>They bought and sold goods through Chinese middlemen, usually Straits-born Chinese who were conversant in English and the local languages. </li></ul><ul><li>Goods sold include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton, woolen cotton, steel and glassware (from Europe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tea, silk, preserved foodstuff and household ware (China) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elephant tusks, sugar, rice, rhinceros horns and buffalo skin ( SEAsia, Thailand and Indochina) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pepper, bird’s nests, sago and camphor (Malay Archipelago) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Read more about it! <ul><li>Raffles’ Town Plan </li></ul>
  8. 8. Which means……
  9. 9. Point to ponder <ul><li>‘ To a large extent, Raffles was racist when he came up with the Raffles’ Town Plan.’ Do you agree? Explain your answer. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The End </li></ul>

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