7 Bruleafterwwii


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7 Bruleafterwwii

  1. 1. Self Government Reasons for Self Government and British reactions
  2. 2. Reasons <ul><li>People felt that the British could not protect Singapore. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The British surrendered quickly when the Japanese attacked Singapore in 1942. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect for the British rulers was lost. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They felt the British should leave Singapore. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Wave of Independence in Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Countries which had been colonies of the European powers were asking for self government or independence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These included India, Indonesia and others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These events influenced people in Singapore. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. British Reaction <ul><li>British were reluctant to give up Singapore as it was useful as a free port for British goods and as a military base. </li></ul><ul><li>Also they were worried about the Communist influence in Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>They felt that Singaporeans were not loyal to Singapore or united. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>People became increasingly keen to have self government. </li></ul><ul><li>A few changes were introduced by the British as a result. </li></ul><ul><li>The British were concerned that Communism might threaten peace and security in Singapore. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Steps Towards Full Self Govt <ul><li>1948 Election of 6 Non-official members in the Legislative Council. </li></ul><ul><li>Only people who are above 21 years old and born in Singapore were allowed to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore Progressive Party won 3 seats while other 3 were won by Independents. </li></ul>
  7. 7. New political parties 1954 <ul><li>People’s Action Party was formed by Lee Kuan Yew and Singapore Labour Front was started by David Marshall. </li></ul><ul><li>Both fought for immediate self government. </li></ul><ul><li>Other demands include better pay, better working conditions for workers and increases in salaries for civil servants. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rendel Constitution <ul><li>George Rendel formed a commission in 1954 to look into how locals can take part in government. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited self government granted to Singapore in 1954. </li></ul><ul><li>1955 Rendel Constitution was drawn up. </li></ul><ul><li>Areas like finance, internal security, law, external defence and international relations still under the British. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>There would be 6 local representatives and 1 chief minister. </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative council to be replaced by Legislative Assembly where there would be 25 elected non-official members and 7 appointed members. </li></ul><ul><li>British remained powerful as they could oppose to any law passed. </li></ul>