Reminds the teacher to wait to responduntil observers made comments about a particular aspect of the lesson.Conducts a free-flowing discussionduring which anyone can ask questions and/or share observations made at a deeper level, and share ideas for strengthening the lesson.
Contributing content knowledge and new ideasSubject content expertise;Knowledge of student learning of particular topics;Understanding of how a particular group of students learn;Familiarity with certain curriculum materials;Background in the use of technology.Contributing knowledge of Lesson StudyAdvisor during the cycle; Commentator at post-lesson discussion;Workshop facilitator. Provides support for the teamOffer encouragement and guidance with content learning and developmental theory;Offer support with regards to the process of lesson study by facilitating deep discussion, posing questions and guiding reflection;Share ideas and experiences gained from other lesson study groups;Collaborate with the team members to improve on the lesson study rather than taking up an evaluative role towards the project.
Understand that lesson study is a learning process for not only the team but also the knowledgeable others as well;Recognise that despite possessing certain expertise, a knowledgeable other must respect others participants (i.e. teachers and students) as equals and be open to their own learning.
role of ko, facilitator, moderator
I will be talking about…• Role of Moderator• Role of Knowledgeable Others• Role of Facilitator in a post- lesson discussion• Samples of Agenda and Notes of Minutes 2
A Moderator• is part of the lesson study team or someone familiar with the team’s work.• introduces the team if there are invited guests.• reiterates the team’s group norms pertaining to discussion. 3
A Moderator• provides the outline the discussion agenda.• briefly repeats the team’s goals.• encourages participants to provide evidence for their observations and comments.• reminds participants that the focus of the discussion is on learning. 4
Role and Responsibilities ofa Moderator• Ensures that the session focuses on analysis and discussion instead of merely description.• Keeps track of time.• Ensures the discussion is not dominated by any observer.• Reminds the teacher to wait to respond.• Conducts a free-flowing discussion. 5
Knowledgeable Others are …• What? – Outside examiner – Inside advisor – Reactor to the lesson• Who? – Teachers from outside the team – Principals – Curriculum coordinators – Subject specialist – University professors 6
How KOs can help?• Contributing content knowledge and new ideas• Contributing knowledge of Lesson Study• Provides support for the team 7
How does a KO look like?• Effective knowledgeable others possess a “learning” mindset – Understand that lesson study is a learning process; – Recognise that despite possessing certain expertise, a knowledgeable other must respect others as equals and be open to their own learning.• Effective knowledgeable others possess the ability to read the audience• Effective knowledgeable others possess the ability to select key ideas to focus on for discussion 8
Role of a KO• Provides a different perspective when reacting to the lesson study of the group;• Provides information about subject matter content, new ideas or reforms;• Shares the work of other lesson study groups.• Encourages teachers to persevere in the lesson study.• Volunteers to teach the research lesson. 9
Benefits of having a KO• Develops the knowledge base of teachers while working collaboratively with them as peers and co-learners.• With its teacher-led and student-focused approach, lesson study can be a tool for helping researchers and other external providers – in the role of knowledgeable others – integrate educational research more effectively into practice. 10
Overlap between KO andModerator• Contribute new insights or questions not previously shared.• Summarise key ideas that emerged from the discussion.• Highlight areas and issues that could be considered in revising the lesson.• Express appreciation to the lesson teacher for extending the lesson to the group.• Extend thanks to the team for their work. 11
Role of Facilitator in Post Lesson Discussion• Outlines Discussion Agenda• Introduces the goals of the LS group• Questions for deeper understanding• Actively listens• Ensures all have talk time• Maps the discussion to – Keep track of ideas – Frame follow up questions – Listens critically and objectively 13
Sample of agenda,suggested workflow and notes of minutes 14
AgendaLesson • Share views about the lesson.Teacher & • Describe any challenges faced.Team MembersObservers • Share strengths of the lesson. • Share views about the lesson. • Share areas for improvement.Knowledgeable • Contribute new insights or questions.Others • Summarise key ideas that emerged from the discussion. • Highlight areas and issues that could be considered in revising the lesson
Summary• Role of Moderator• Role of Knowledgeable Others• Role of Facilitator in a post-lesson discussion• Samples of Agenda, Suggested Workflow and Notes of Minutes 16