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Review 4 government nov2012


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Review 4 government nov2012

  1. 1. Review 4 Government CCA
  2. 2. What are the Foundations of the US democratic System of government? Magna Carta English Bill of Rights Virginia House of Burgesses
  3. 3. What was a major weakness ofAOC’s? Could not tax No executive Weak, weak, Weak because they didn’t want their to be another King. States Government Strong – National Government Weak
  4. 4. What is the significant of NorthwestOrdinance One good thing from AOC’s Outlined an orderly way for new states to join the Union and immediately be equal to other states.
  5. 5. What was the Great Compromise? Agreement between large and small states; there would be a bicameral legislature. House of Representatives would be based on population; Senate will be an equal number.
  6. 6. Why was there a need for the GreatCompromise? Little states did not want to be bullied or ignored by states with large populations. Large states wanted their people to all be able to have a say as well.
  7. 7. What is a bicameral legislature? A legislature made of two houses.
  8. 8. Why did the authors of the USConstitution include a system ofchecks and balances? The framers wanted to make sure no part of the government (or branch) became too powerful. They were afraid of tyrants.
  9. 9. Which statement illustrates the system of checks and balances at work? The President can make appointments, but Congress has to approve them. The Congress passes laws, but the President can veto them and the judicial branch can declare them unconstitutional.
  10. 10. What was the purpose of Constitutionalprinciples like separation of powers andfederalism Limit the powers of the government
  11. 11. What was the purpose of Separation of Powers? give each branch a specific job which limits that branch’s powers
  12. 12. What constitutional principle is best illustrated by the Preamble to the Constitution? POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY
  13. 13. unalienable rights? rights that a government cannot take away without due process of law Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness is in the Declaration of Independence
  14. 14. How does the amendment processwork? There are two steps. 1. the proposal by the Congress or by the states and then ratification by the states.
  15. 15. Why did the framers include a process for amending the Constitution? To make sure that the Constitution would be living document that could grow with the country.
  16. 16. Grievance Where and how it was addressed in the ConstitutionNo taxation without representation All taxes had to be approved by both Houses of Congress.The King refused colonists First Amendment: the right to assemble permission to petition peaceablyThe King allowed the militia to 4th Amendment to the United States enter homes and seize our Constitution limits the government’s ability property toThe King has forbidden his Congress can override a Presidential veto Governors to pass Laws . . . till his Assent [approval] should be obtained.For transporting us beyond seas to Sixth Amendment rights to a fair and speedy be tried for pretended offenses trial by jury of peers ...For quartering soldiers in our The Third Amendment homes
  17. 17. ho were the main leaders of the Anti-Federalists? Patrick Henry, George Mason
  18. 18. Who were the main leaders of theFederalists James Madison and Alexander Hamilton
  19. 19. What was the purpose of thenewspaper articles called theFederalists Papers To convince people to support the ratification of the Constitution
  20. 20. What was the main criticism of the Anti-federalists regarding the governingpower That the central or federal government had too much power and that the rights of the people were not protected
  21. 21. What kind of government did theFederalists support A strong central [national] or federal government.
  22. 22. What is the purpose of the first 9amendments in the Bill of Rights To protect the rights of individual American citizens
  23. 23. Why was the Constitution amended toinclude the Bill of Rights To get the support of the Anti- Federalist in order to ratify the Constitution
  24. 24. Why did the Founding Fathers protectfreedom of the press in the Bill ofRights They believed these were necessary so the government would stay honest and move to the will of the people
  25. 25. Why did the Founding Fathers protectfreedom of the press in the Bill ofRights They believed these were necessary so the government would stay honest and move to the will of the people
  26. 26. What would be a violation of freedom of speech and freedom of the press, which are protected by the First Amendment? Congress passing a law that says a person or organization can not say or print something that is an opinion or the truth
  27. 27. Virginia House of Burgesses openedMayflower CompactDeclaration of IndependenceArticles of ConfederationShay’s RebellionConstitution