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Chapter 18 11-10


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This is the Presentation of notes for chapter 18. Be sure to review your notes and use this to help you.

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Chapter 18 11-10

  1. 1. Chapter 18 An Era of Reform Pages 244-255
  2. 2. People to Know! <ul><li>Henry David Thoreau </li></ul><ul><li>Ralph Waldo Emerson </li></ul><ul><li>Sojourner Truth </li></ul><ul><li>William Lloyd Garrison </li></ul><ul><li>Dorothea Dix </li></ul><ul><li>Horace Mann </li></ul><ul><li>Frederick Douglass </li></ul><ul><li>Lucretia Mott </li></ul><ul><li>Susan B. Anthony </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth Cady Stanton </li></ul>Look up these famous Americans and see what you can find. Print out information about them. Highlight their achievements and be able to comment about them Tuesday! NO WIKIPEDIA
  3. 3. Ch. 18 quiz on Friday! <ul><li>Use a highlight terms and people from the chapter. </li></ul><ul><li>These are the items you should study. </li></ul>
  4. 4. First Great Awakening: Check Page 56 <ul><li>Time period: </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of the movement? </li></ul><ul><li>What did preachers do? </li></ul><ul><li>Have your textbook & 3 pieces of paper! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Transcendentalist Intellectuals/Writers Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Nature (1832) Walden (1854) Resistance to Civil Disobedience (1849) Self-Reliance (1841) “ The American Scholar” (1837) R3-1/3/4/5
  6. 6. Ch 18 -- An Era of Reform <ul><li>Take a preview sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Read Page 245-248 in the Textbook </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ch 18 -- An Era of Reform <ul><li>18.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reformers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People who work to correct failings or injustices. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OR -- copy one of these definitions! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People who help to change society when it treats others unfairly. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 18.1 Introduction Religion & Temperance Asylum & Penal Reform Education Women’s Rights Abolitionism Social Reform Topics
  9. 9. 18.2 Religious Reform The Second Great Awakening Religious revival of the 1820’s- 1830’s. Inspired people to do positive things to benefit others.
  10. 10. Transcendentalism <ul><li>A philosophical movement based on divinity of each individual. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OR--- pick one of these to copy. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A thinking movement based on the study of religion and its influences of each individual. </li></ul><ul><li>This period was good for Democracy. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Optimistic Ideas during reform… <ul><li>Transcendentalist writers inspired people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry David Thoreau- wrote Walden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ralph Waldo Emerson- wrote Self-Reliance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson proved a common man can achieve anything. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected as president in 1828. </li></ul></ul>Henry David Thoreau
  12. 12. 18.3 Reform for Prisoners and the Mentally Ill Page 247-248 <ul><li>Goes to Prison to teach Sunday school </li></ul><ul><li>Observations in jails </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in chains. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in cages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children jailed with adults. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentally ill treated like criminals </li></ul></ul>Asylum: a hospital for the mentally ill. Leader: Dorothea Dix
  13. 13. Treatment of the Mentally Ill <ul><li>Asylums </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For wealthy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dix takes a stand by… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathering data for two years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparing a report to present to the legislature. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reaction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminated debtor’s prisons. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Justice systems for children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlawed cruel punishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asylums were created </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showing that women could make a social difference ! </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. After your notes…. <ul><li>Draw an artifact to represent the time. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep it simple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visually appealing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a slogan </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Catchy & short phrase </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to remember </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 18.4 Improving Education Pages 249-250 <ul><li>Conditions before: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited to white boys with money to pay. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers had limited education & low pay. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most kids didn’t attend! </li></ul></ul>Reform Leader: Horace Mann Public School: schools that are paid for by taxes and managed by local government
  16. 16. 18.4 Improving Education Pages 248-250 <ul><li>Reforms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mann suggested: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>public schools in Massachusetts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes helped pay for schools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1850’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>North & West modeled Mann’s idea. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly white boys attended! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. 18.4 Improving Education Pages 248-250 <ul><li>Reforms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1860’s- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>all states offered public education to all white males </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>America had one of the highest literacy rate in the world! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Unfinished areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls couldn’t attend high school or college </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws to keep African Americans out . </li></ul></ul>His final thoughts: “ Be ashamed to die, until you have won some victory for humanity.”
  18. 18. <ul><li>Mann ideas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Against corporal punishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established teacher training programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Felt children could be “molded” into educated people. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Unfinished areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Women’s college- Oberlin College, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prudence Crandall First school for blacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws to keep African Americans out . </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. After your notes…. <ul><li>Draw an artifact to represent the time. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep it simple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visually appealing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a slogan </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Catchy & short phrase </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to remember </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Thursday 11/11- Veterans Day <ul><li>Get your textbook & paper for today! </li></ul><ul><li>Have your journal out to be collected. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  22. 22. 18.5 Fighting Slavery Pages 250-251 Credit: Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College Abolitionist- people who wanted to end slavery <ul><ul><li>Abolitionist Leaders: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quakers end slavery by 1776. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1792- anti-slavery societies in North </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><ul><li>William Lloyd Garrison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery was a moral, not an economic issue. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Starts newspaper called- The Liberator </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st issue January 1, 1831 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><ul><li>Frederick Douglass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>escaped slave </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>speaker </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>writer- autobiography & </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Newspaper - North Star </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Women helped too… <ul><li>Sojourner Truth - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>born : Isabella Baumfree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>former slave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>great abolitionist orator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>was inspired by Douglass & Garrison </li></ul></ul>Ain’t I a woman..?”
  26. 26. Women helped too… <ul><li>Sarah & Angelina Grimke </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners and Quaker converts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoke out against slavery. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Who said that…? Right is of no sex- Truth is of no color- God is the father of us all, and we are all Brethren. “ I will not retreat a single inch- and I will be heard.” W.L.Garrison Frederick Douglass Copy and Rewrite the quotes in your own words..
  28. 28. After your notes…. <ul><li>Draw an artifact to represent the time. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep it simple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visually appealing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a slogan </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Catchy & short phrase </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to remember </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Welcome! Friday 11/12 Today you need your textbook and two pieces of paper! We will talk about the rights of women and make BOX!
  30. 30. 18.6 Equal Rights for Women Page 252-253 <ul><li>Early conditions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t vote or hold office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal status of a minor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money & property controlled by fathers or husbands. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be physically disciplined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t file for divorce. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t make a will or sign contract. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Realization: Women and slaves had things in common! </li></ul>
  31. 31. New Friendship: <ul><li>Lucretia Mott & Elizabeth Cady Stanton </li></ul><ul><li>Met at 1840 World Anti-Slavery Convention in London </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They weren’t allowed to speak! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made to sit in balcony behind curtain! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Friendship was made to make a change. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. 18.7 The Seneca Falls Convention <ul><li>Convention was July 19, 1848 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost 300 people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abolitionist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quakers, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some men </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local housewives, farmers & factory workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Declaration of Sentiments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modeled after the Declaration of Independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal statement of the acts of tyranny men committed over women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tyranny – unrestrained exercise of power </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. 18.7 The Seneca Falls Convention <ul><li> The convention demands the right to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>Frederick Douglass supported women’s right to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>Sojourner Truth spoke </li></ul><ul><li>Susan B. Anthony spoke </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth C. Stanton’s wrote speeches- she was too shy </li></ul><ul><li>Reformers made progress slowly. </li></ul><ul><li>19 th Amendment- gives women the right to vote was not passed until 1920! </li></ul>
  34. 34. After your notes…. <ul><li>Draw an artifact to represent the time. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep it simple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visually appealing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a slogan </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Catchy & short phrase </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to remember </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Ch 18 content page <ul><li>40- ch 18 preview </li></ul><ul><li>41- 18.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>42-18.2 Religious Reform </li></ul><ul><li>43- 18.3 Prison & Mentally ill Reform </li></ul><ul><li>44- 18.4 Eduation Reform </li></ul><ul><li>45- 18.5 Anti-slavery </li></ul><ul><li>46-18.6 Equal rights for Women </li></ul><ul><li>47- 18.7 Seneca Falls Convention </li></ul><ul><li>48- Reformer Box/cards direction sheet </li></ul><ul><li>49- “The Bloodless Revolution” article </li></ul><ul><li>50- Frederick Douglass Video </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Museum Exhibit </li></ul><ul><li>For each section draw an scene with one or more artifacts that will pop out and represents the section. </li></ul><ul><li>At the base, write a description of the artifact and explain how this reform was important to our history. This should be a paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Use your slogan at the top. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure your exhibit is colorful. </li></ul><ul><li>Reform Box: </li></ul><ul><li>For each section create two sentences to connect it to the reform movement like described in class. </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a scene and artifact that can represent the reform movement in a creative way on the box you made. </li></ul><ul><li>One side should have the title or slogan and the other three sides should have a detailed explanation of how this reform movement was impacted our history. </li></ul>
  37. 37. 2007 Care toon Contest <ul><li>What is it? An original cartoon that reflects a positive theme.-- Anti-violence </li></ul><ul><li>Who? Anyone interested </li></ul><ul><li>Deadline: school-December 10th </li></ul><ul><li>Judging: on creativity, originality & message- groups ADULT & STUDENT </li></ul><ul><li>Prize: $1,000 in each category </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No copyrighted or pre-designed material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create freehand or electronically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium: black & white OR color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size: 8.5x 11 </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Women’s rights sites… Statistics about medical profession Demographics about the Congress Bush’s cabinet members
  39. 39. Seneca Falls Convention <ul><li>The convention demands the right to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>Reformers made progress slowly. </li></ul><ul><li>But not see the right to vote until 1920 </li></ul>