Unit 1.2LEQ: How are provisions for changing theConstitution implemented?Chapter 2 (p.p. 52-58)
Constitutional Change1. Jefferson said“Constitution belongs tothe living and not thedead.”2. Constitution referredto as a living document3. Constantly beingtested & altered
Formal Amending ProcessArticle V: what 2 things need to happen? Proposal: A.) 2/3 vote each house Proposal: B.) Nat’l convention called by Congress @ request of 2/3 state legislatures Ratiﬁcation: A.) Legislatures 3/4 states Ratiﬁcation: B.) Special state conventions called in 3/4 states
Formal Amending Process (cont’d)President may only inﬂuence success ofproposed amendmentsWhat is the most important effect of theconstitutional amendments?What is the ERA?In 1923, how was the proposal/failure to ratifythe ERA an example of checks & balances?
Informal Process of Constitutional Change (1/4) Judicial Interpretation Marbury v. Madison Judicial Review Constitution usually means what the Supreme Court says it means
Informal Process of Constitutional Change (2/4) Changing political practice How does the electoral college work? Why do you think the framers wanted this? Why would the framers dislike the notion of political parties?
Informal Process of Constitutional Change (3/4) Technology:Media may shape citizens opinions
Informal Process of Constitutional Change (4/4) Increasing demands of policy makers Foreign affairs have given more power to the Executive Increased domestic policy has positioned the president in a more prominent role in preparing the federal budget and legislative programs
Importance of FlexibilityProvide two things that government has done/does that are not literally written into theconstitutionConstitution is static, it adapts to the needs ofthe time without sacriﬁcing personal freedomFramers thought future generations woulddetermine their own needs