 The practices of Medieval England are the
foundations of many modern legal practices
 Representative government
 Habea...
 Medieval Europe
 Weak monarchies
 Powerful nobility
 Mostly agricultural
 Common people
loyal to local rulers
 Knig...
 In the 1100’s court decisions were based on
local customs and previous ruling which meant
that court decisions made in o...
 King Henry II changed common law
 Henry appointed royal judges that would
make decisions that would apply all over the
...
 In 1199, King Henry’s son, John became king of
England
 John fought and lost many wars which weakened
England financial...
 The nobility told John that he
must recognize their rights.
 The nobility made a list of 63
rights called the Magna Car...
 1264- English nobles removed King Henry III
from the throne after he broke an agreement
with them
 They replaced him wi...
 1265 – Edward, Henry’s III son, took power,
but he did not get rid of parliament because he
needed political support
 1...
 Parliament was and is made up of two houses:
the House of Commons, and the House of
Lords
 Parliament would eventually ...
 Independent judiciaries, cities, rights, and
democratic forms of government took centuries
to develop
 Independent Judi...
 One legal right that was probably developed in
Medieval England is Habeas Corpus:
 The right people have not to be impr...
 A government elected by the people to
represent their interests
 Representative government which try to
include all mem...
Medieval English Government
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Medieval English Government

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Medieval English Government

  1. 1.  The practices of Medieval England are the foundations of many modern legal practices  Representative government  Habeas Corpus  Independent Judiciaries
  2. 2.  Medieval Europe  Weak monarchies  Powerful nobility  Mostly agricultural  Common people loyal to local rulers  Knights were a fearsome weapon  Early Modern Europe  Stronger monarchies  Weaker nobility  Rising importance of trade  Common people loyal to the king  Gunpowder weapons make knights obsolete
  3. 3.  In the 1100’s court decisions were based on local customs and previous ruling which meant that court decisions made in one part of England could be different from another part – This was known as Common Law
  4. 4.  King Henry II changed common law  Henry appointed royal judges that would make decisions that would apply all over the country – As a result it was more likely that people all over England would receive equal treatment  The royal judges were meant to be independent from local politics, but not independent from the royal courts  US courts are independent from local governments and most parts of federal government – Independent Judiciaries
  5. 5.  In 1199, King Henry’s son, John became king of England  John fought and lost many wars which weakened England financially  John would tax nobles to finance the wars  As a result England’s nobility became frustrated with John’s policies
  6. 6.  The nobility told John that he must recognize their rights.  The nobility made a list of 63 rights called the Magna Carta and forced John to sign in 1215  The Magna Carta guaranteed protection under law and trial by jury  It became an example for later democratic developments in England and around the world For a trivial offence, a free man shall be fined only in proportion to the degree of his offense And for a serious offence correspondingly, but Heavily as to deprive him of his livelihood. No free man shall be seized or imprisoned or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled…in any other way, nor will Proceed with force against him, or send others To do so except by the lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of the land. To no one will we sell, to now one deny or delay right or justice. - Magna Carta 1215
  7. 7.  1264- English nobles removed King Henry III from the throne after he broke an agreement with them  They replaced him with a group called a parliament – which included nobility, high ranking church officials, and representatives from cities and towns
  8. 8.  1265 – Edward, Henry’s III son, took power, but he did not get rid of parliament because he needed political support  1295- a parliament was assembled that was widely considered the first representative parliament – Model Parliament  Representatives from every county, district, and city were assembled  By 1307, parliament became an important part of English government
  9. 9.  Parliament was and is made up of two houses: the House of Commons, and the House of Lords  Parliament would eventually control taxes and pass laws. This limited the power of the monarchy. Kings could not pass laws or collect taxes without parliament’s approval
  10. 10.  Independent judiciaries, cities, rights, and democratic forms of government took centuries to develop  Independent Judiciaries:  In many countries the courts are independent from other branches of government and can make sure there is a balance of power
  11. 11.  One legal right that was probably developed in Medieval England is Habeas Corpus:  The right people have not to be imprisoned unlawfully. In modern courts habeas corpus requires authorities to provide legal proof for why a person is being imprisoned
  12. 12.  A government elected by the people to represent their interests  Representative government which try to include all members of society is a relatively recent development – Most men in England could not vote until 1800’s, in the US women couldn’t vote until 1920, most African Americans were prevented from voting until the 1960’s.

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