Migration A1 1


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Migration A1 1

  1. 1. MIGRATION A Day Block 1
  2. 2. What is migration? <ul><li>A change in residence intended to be permanent </li></ul><ul><li>International Migration- movement across country borders </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Migration- Migration that occurs within a single country’s borders </li></ul><ul><li>Most of these people never return home </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of movement <ul><li>Cyclic movement – Involves journeys that begin at out home base and bring us back to it </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic movement – Involves returning home, longer period of time away from home base </li></ul><ul><li>Example of cyclic movement – Nomadism: is a matter survival, culture, and religion. It is usually envisioned as aimlessly wandering across the steppe and desert </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why do people migrate? <ul><li>Push Factor: negative condtions and perceptions that induce peopl to leave </li></ul><ul><li>Pull factor: positive conditions and perceptions that attract people to new places </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration waves: different patterns of chain migration that build upon each other to create swells in migration from one origin to the same destination </li></ul>
  5. 5. Forced Migration : the imposition of involuntary migration that is not by choice <ul><li>Reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Armed conflict and Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Disasters and Famine </li></ul><ul><li>Deportation (being forced to go back home) </li></ul><ul><li>Political Refuge </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic slave trade British prisoners being left in Australia </li></ul>
  6. 6. Voluntary Migration: migrating or leaving of your own free will <ul><li>Reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage Economic opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Job seeking </li></ul><ul><li>Trying to keep your heritage safe </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing about the place from family and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Guy from Mexico had a temporary job in Texas, and met Sally Sue. Then got married to her. Guy then moved to America. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Where Do People Migrate? <ul><li>Reasons for migration: </li></ul><ul><li>Economic oppurtunities </li></ul><ul><li>To reconnect with their cultural group across borders. </li></ul><ul><li>To flee political conflict or war. </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Global-scale migration: move to the east coast of russia </li></ul><ul><li>Colonization: a physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place. </li></ul><ul><li>Island of development: coastal cities based on acces to trade </li></ul>
  8. 8. Where do people migrate? <ul><li>Guest workers- legal (documented) migrants who have work visas , usually short term; often the sectors of the economy still need laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: labor migrants </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees- people who have a well founded fear of being prosecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: European refugees that fled during World War 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Internally Displaced Persons (IDP)- people who have been displaced within their own countries, but they do not cross the International Borders as they flee. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: victims of Hurricane Katrina </li></ul><ul><li>Repatriation- a process which involves returning refugees to their homelands. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: UNHCR </li></ul><ul><li>Genocide- acts committed with intent to destroy , in whole or in parts, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Nazis’ attempt to destroy all Jews </li></ul>
  9. 9. What are local and popular cultures? <ul><li>Local- People in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or a community. Share customs, experiences, and traits. </li></ul><ul><li>Arlington, TX is a local culture area </li></ul><ul><li>Constantly redefining themselves based on interactions with other cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Also affect places by establishing neighborhoods, building churches or community service to celebrate important days. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What are local and popular cultures? <ul><li>Popular- Large, incorporates heterogeneous population is typically urban, and experiences quickly changing cultural traits. </li></ul><ul><li>New York City, and Los Angeles are popular culture areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Practices by a heterogeneous group of people </li></ul><ul><li>Encompasses music, dance, clothing, food, preferences, religious practices, and aesthetic values. </li></ul>