The Origins of the
Cold War
Remember
• The US and Soviet Union were on the
same side in WW II
• After WW II, Europe was in ruins and
former colonial e...
Cont.
• The Soviet Red Army remained in
Eastern Europe after the war which led
to the Soviet Bloc
• At the same time the U...
Cont.
• Yalta Conference- meeting between the
US, England and Soviet Union in which
they discussed re-establishing the war...
Truman Doctrine
• US policy of sending aid to any country
trying to prevent a communist takeover
• Considered the start of...
Marshall Plan
• Program under which the US geve
economic aid to help re-build postwar
Europe
Berlin Blockade
• The Soviet Union tried to hold West
Berlin hostage by refusing food and
supplies to be brought in to the...
NATO
• North Atlantic Treaty Organization- The
US, Canada and 10 other countries
formed a defensive military alliance and
...
Winston Churchill,
“Iron Curtain Speech”
1946
Truman Doctrine, 1947
The Marshall Plan, 1947
NATO Treaty, 1949
Warsaw Pact, 1955
Who was primarily
responsible for the Cold
War: the United States
or the Soviet Union?
Definitions Document A
• Stettin- City in Poland once part of
Germany
• Trieste- Seaport city in NE Italy
• Fifth Column- ...
Definitions Document B
• Totalitarianism- system of gov’t that
requires blind obedience
• Coercion- persuading someone to ...
Iron Curtain Speech
1. Prime Minister of England and a
brilliant military strategist- He was a
close allay of the American...
Definitions Document C
• Imperialist- increasing a country’s
power by gaining control over other
areas
• Monopolistic- cap...
Definitions Document D
• Springboard- something that gives
assistance to a particular action
The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint
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The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint

  1. 1. The Origins of the Cold War
  2. 2. Remember • The US and Soviet Union were on the same side in WW II • After WW II, Europe was in ruins and former colonial empires were crumbling • The scene was set for increased competition between the US and the USSR
  3. 3. Cont. • The Soviet Red Army remained in Eastern Europe after the war which led to the Soviet Bloc • At the same time the US developed policies of containment- in particular the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan
  4. 4. Cont. • Yalta Conference- meeting between the US, England and Soviet Union in which they discussed re-establishing the war torn nations of Europe. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, PM Winston Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin attended.
  5. 5. Truman Doctrine • US policy of sending aid to any country trying to prevent a communist takeover • Considered the start of the Cold War • It became the basis of US Cold War Policy
  6. 6. Marshall Plan • Program under which the US geve economic aid to help re-build postwar Europe
  7. 7. Berlin Blockade • The Soviet Union tried to hold West Berlin hostage by refusing food and supplies to be brought in to the people
  8. 8. NATO • North Atlantic Treaty Organization- The US, Canada and 10 other countries formed a defensive military alliance and agreed that an attack on one was an attack on all
  9. 9. Winston Churchill, “Iron Curtain Speech” 1946
  10. 10. Truman Doctrine, 1947
  11. 11. The Marshall Plan, 1947
  12. 12. NATO Treaty, 1949 Warsaw Pact, 1955
  13. 13. Who was primarily responsible for the Cold War: the United States or the Soviet Union?
  14. 14. Definitions Document A • Stettin- City in Poland once part of Germany • Trieste- Seaport city in NE Italy • Fifth Column- a group of people who undermine a larger group such as a nation from within
  15. 15. Definitions Document B • Totalitarianism- system of gov’t that requires blind obedience • Coercion- persuading someone to do something by using force • Intimidation – frightening someone to do something
  16. 16. Iron Curtain Speech 1. Prime Minister of England and a brilliant military strategist- He was a close allay of the Americans 2. Power and to spread communism
  17. 17. Definitions Document C • Imperialist- increasing a country’s power by gaining control over other areas • Monopolistic- capitalistic system with monopolies in the hands of a few people • Ensuring- making sure something happens
  18. 18. Definitions Document D • Springboard- something that gives assistance to a particular action

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