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POST WAR CONFIDENCE and
anxiety
1945-1960
Focus Question: How did
Social and economic changes
after WWII affect Americans
Recovering from war
• War end = Many Defense Workers out of a job
• Industry had to meet Peace Time Standards
• Demobilization – soldiers and sailors return home (July
1946 – 3,000,000 total in armed forces)
• Soldiers return home = need many jobs
• G.I Bill of Rights – Variety of Benefits: 1 year
Unemployment pay, Financial Aid (College), Loans for
homes/businesse
• Home Construction BOOMS and 8 Million Vets go to
college
• BABY BOOM – 1957- 4.3 Million Babies Born (Greatest
American Population Increase in History (27% Increase)
Peace Time Economy
• Consumer Buying Increases = PRICES SKY ROCKET (by 18%)
• “
“ = Inflation (too much money to
spend on not enough goods)
• US DOMINATES WORLD ECONOMY
• America counted for 6% of World Population but accounted
for 50% of all goods/trade (Highest standard of living in the
world…..Versace!!!)
• Technology = Productivity (computers)
• Government Spending = Growth
• Korean War = $ for Defense Department = Jobs
• Marshall Plan = Increased foreign need for US
products/goods
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gmka2mydsD0
Truman overcomes huge obstacles
• Congress and Labor
• Unions Demand increased wages = Employers Refuse =
Millions Strike
• Taft-Hartley Act – law that restricted the power of Unions
resulting from Waves of Strikes (Congress overturned
Truman’s initial Veto)
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZJZvlCRxYHI
• Segregation
• Truman establishes Civil Rights Committee (time for a
change!)
• Congress rejects proposals
• Truman Desegregates the Military
Obstacles Continued
• Truman upsets Dewey
• Democrats upset at attempts at Civil Rights
Reform/Republicans upset in General
• Truman wins re-election bc of famous “whistle stop tour”
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VEPH162n3r8
• Truman Proposes THE FAIR DEAL
• Intended to strengthen NEW DEAL programs
• Congress shot down most of the reforms
• Truman’s Legislative woes + stalling action during THE
KOREAN WAR = no re-election in 1952 (Eisenhower Won 52’
Election)
Eisenhower charts a middle path
• 1952 Election – Dominating victory for Eisenhower
(WWII Hero)
• Wanted to balance between Liberal and Conservatives
Parties
• He believed the Fed. Govt. had become too powerful
but did not repeal any of the NEW DEAL programs
(FDR) such as Social Security and Minimum Wage
• Began Federal Highway System (I-4) and federal
spending on Education
• Eisenhower’s Presidency = Economic Prosperity and
Peace (very popular in History)

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POST WAR CONFIDENCE AND ANXIETY IN AMERICA 1945-1960

  • 1. POST WAR CONFIDENCE and anxiety 1945-1960
  • 2. Focus Question: How did Social and economic changes after WWII affect Americans
  • 3. Recovering from war • War end = Many Defense Workers out of a job • Industry had to meet Peace Time Standards • Demobilization – soldiers and sailors return home (July 1946 – 3,000,000 total in armed forces) • Soldiers return home = need many jobs • G.I Bill of Rights – Variety of Benefits: 1 year Unemployment pay, Financial Aid (College), Loans for homes/businesse • Home Construction BOOMS and 8 Million Vets go to college • BABY BOOM – 1957- 4.3 Million Babies Born (Greatest American Population Increase in History (27% Increase)
  • 4. Peace Time Economy • Consumer Buying Increases = PRICES SKY ROCKET (by 18%) • “ “ = Inflation (too much money to spend on not enough goods) • US DOMINATES WORLD ECONOMY • America counted for 6% of World Population but accounted for 50% of all goods/trade (Highest standard of living in the world…..Versace!!!) • Technology = Productivity (computers) • Government Spending = Growth • Korean War = $ for Defense Department = Jobs • Marshall Plan = Increased foreign need for US products/goods • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gmka2mydsD0
  • 5. Truman overcomes huge obstacles • Congress and Labor • Unions Demand increased wages = Employers Refuse = Millions Strike • Taft-Hartley Act – law that restricted the power of Unions resulting from Waves of Strikes (Congress overturned Truman’s initial Veto) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZJZvlCRxYHI • Segregation • Truman establishes Civil Rights Committee (time for a change!) • Congress rejects proposals • Truman Desegregates the Military
  • 6. Obstacles Continued • Truman upsets Dewey • Democrats upset at attempts at Civil Rights Reform/Republicans upset in General • Truman wins re-election bc of famous “whistle stop tour” • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VEPH162n3r8 • Truman Proposes THE FAIR DEAL • Intended to strengthen NEW DEAL programs • Congress shot down most of the reforms • Truman’s Legislative woes + stalling action during THE KOREAN WAR = no re-election in 1952 (Eisenhower Won 52’ Election)
  • 7. Eisenhower charts a middle path • 1952 Election – Dominating victory for Eisenhower (WWII Hero) • Wanted to balance between Liberal and Conservatives Parties • He believed the Fed. Govt. had become too powerful but did not repeal any of the NEW DEAL programs (FDR) such as Social Security and Minimum Wage • Began Federal Highway System (I-4) and federal spending on Education • Eisenhower’s Presidency = Economic Prosperity and Peace (very popular in History)