SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 21
Download to read offline
Chapter 19 Section 1
All notes are subject to test questions
but pay particular attention to the
underlined notes
1950s Economy [1956 Bel Air]
Objectives
•

Describe how the United States made the
transformation to a peacetime economy.

•

Discuss the accomplishments of Presidents
Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower.

•

Analyze the 1950s economic boom.
Terms and People

• demobilization – sending home members

of the army
• GI Bill of Rights – eased the return of

World War II veterans by providing
education and employment aid
• baby boom – increase in births between

1945 and 1964
Terms and People

(continued)

• productivity – the rate at which goods are

produced or services performed
• Taft-Hartley Act – a law that restricted the

power of labor unions; outlawed the closed
shop, a workplace in which only union
members can be hired
• Fair Deal – President Truman’s program to

expand New Deal reforms
How did the nation experience recovery and economic
prosperity after World War II?
The GI Bill of Rights and a strong demand for consumer
goods – coupled with defense spending on the Korean
War and increased foreign demand for U.S. goods –
greatly improved the U.S. economy after World War II.

The U.S became the richest country in the world.
After World War II, many citizens and
economists feared the country would
fall into a widespread depression.
• Truman started demobilization, and
millions of soldiers came home and
searched for work.
• Contracts to produce military goods were
cancelled and millions of defense workers
lost their jobs.
• An end to rationing and price controls –
plus a demand for goods – fueled
inflation.
The post-war U.S. did not experience
unemployment or a renewed depression,
but it did have serious economic problems.

The most
painful was
skyrocketing
prices

Prices rose about
18 percent in
1946, and the
prices of some
products doubled.
There was severe
inflation
To help veterans, the federal government
enacted the GI Bill of Rights.
Benefit

Results

• The bill provided one year
of unemployment pay for
veterans unable to find
work.

• The pay helped veterans
support themselves and
their families.

• The bill provided
financial aid to attend
college.

• Eight million veterans
entered or returned to
college.

• The bill entitled
veterans to loans for
buying homes and
starting businesses.

• There was an upsurge in
home construction, which
led to explosive growth in
suburban areas.
With the Great Depression and the war
behind them, many returning soldiers
quickly married and started families.
• The result was a
postwar baby
boom.
• Between 1940 and
1955, the U.S.
population
experienced its
greatest increase,
growing 27
percent from
about 130 to
about 165 million.
When wartime
restrictions
ended, demand
for consumer
goods soared.
Businesses
employed more
people to produce
goods.

This created a cycle in
which people bought
new goods, leading
business to hire more
workers, who in turn
bought more goods.

The postwar years ushered in a period of domestic
prosperity that lasted nearly 20 years.
The U.S. became the richest country in the world.
During the postwar period, the U.S. economy
also benefitted from technological advances,
such as atomic power, computers, and plastics.

Worker
productivity
continued to
improve,
largely because
of new
technology.

The economy also
got a boost from
federal defense
spending for the
Korean War and
from foreign
demand for U.S.
goods caused by the
Marshall Plan.
Between 1945
and 1960, the
nation’s gross
national
product (GNP)
more than
doubled.
Despite the economic growth, the U.S.
faced challenges during after World
War II. President Harry Truman faced
the following issues.

• The Cold War was beginning and there were
communist takeovers in Europe and Asia.
• The U.S. faced inflation and labor unrest at
home.
Trade
unionists
demanded
pay increases
to keep up
with
inflation.

Employers
refused to
meet labor’s
demands.

Millions of steel, coal, railroad, and automotive
workers went on strike, prompting Congress to
enact the Taft-Hartley Act over Truman’s veto.
Truman also established a special committee on
civil rights to investigate race relations.

The committee
made several
recommendations
for reforms, but
Congress rejected
them all.

Truman
desegregated the
military, which did
not need
Congressional
approval.
By spring 1948, Truman’s standing had sunk so low
that few thought he could win election that fall.

However, Truman
managed the
political upset of the
century, beating
three other
candidates, two of
them from new
political parties.
Shortly after the election, Truman
announced a far-ranging legislative
program he called the Fair Deal.

• The Fair Deal was meant to strengthen
existing New Deal reforms and establish
new programs, such as national health
insurance.
• But Congress rejected most of Truman’s Fair
Deal proposals.
Legislative failure and a stalled war in Korea
contributed to Truman’s loss of popularity, and
he did not seek reelection in 1952.
Popular, charming
Republican
candidate Dwight D.
Eisenhower won the
presidency that year,
beating Democrat
Adlai Stevenson.

The public believed
that Eisenhower
would walk the line
between liberal and
conservative
political positions,
and he did not
disappoint.
Eisenhower created
an interstate highway
system and spent
more money on
education.
The strong U.S economy went a long way toward making his
presidency one of the most prosperous, peaceful, and politically
tranquil in the 20th century.

More Related Content

What's hot

U.s. history test prep
U.s. history test prepU.s. history test prep
U.s. history test prepstillmanCHS
 
Ch.6 the progressive spirit and reform
Ch.6 the progressive spirit and reformCh.6 the progressive spirit and reform
Ch.6 the progressive spirit and reformdhtaylor3
 
Secondary 2 History-Rendel Constitution
Secondary 2 History-Rendel ConstitutionSecondary 2 History-Rendel Constitution
Secondary 2 History-Rendel ConstitutionMarioSonic54
 
His 122 new deal america 1929 1939
His 122 new deal america 1929 1939His 122 new deal america 1929 1939
His 122 new deal america 1929 1939dcyw1112
 
His 122 ch 20 the progressive era
His 122 ch 20 the progressive eraHis 122 ch 20 the progressive era
His 122 ch 20 the progressive eradcyw1112
 
LOAPUSH ch 32
LOAPUSH ch 32LOAPUSH ch 32
LOAPUSH ch 32LOAPUSH
 
Argentina and the Great Depression
Argentina and the Great DepressionArgentina and the Great Depression
Argentina and the Great Depressionjerogers
 
The Progressive Era (1890-1920)
The Progressive Era (1890-1920)The Progressive Era (1890-1920)
The Progressive Era (1890-1920)HistoryExpert006
 
2014 staar review
2014 staar review2014 staar review
2014 staar reviewJosh Klein
 
APUSH Period 4 Review
APUSH Period 4 ReviewAPUSH Period 4 Review
APUSH Period 4 Reviewkellycrowell
 
Globalization and its Discontents
Globalization and its Discontents Globalization and its Discontents
Globalization and its Discontents Heather Powell
 
History #84 and 85
History #84 and 85History #84 and 85
History #84 and 85tidalrip
 
Colonization to Reform
Colonization to ReformColonization to Reform
Colonization to ReformJosh Klein
 

What's hot (20)

U.s. history test prep
U.s. history test prepU.s. history test prep
U.s. history test prep
 
Ch.6 the progressive spirit and reform
Ch.6 the progressive spirit and reformCh.6 the progressive spirit and reform
Ch.6 the progressive spirit and reform
 
Secondary 2 History-Rendel Constitution
Secondary 2 History-Rendel ConstitutionSecondary 2 History-Rendel Constitution
Secondary 2 History-Rendel Constitution
 
His 122 new deal america 1929 1939
His 122 new deal america 1929 1939His 122 new deal america 1929 1939
His 122 new deal america 1929 1939
 
His 122 ch 20 the progressive era
His 122 ch 20 the progressive eraHis 122 ch 20 the progressive era
His 122 ch 20 the progressive era
 
LOAPUSH ch 32
LOAPUSH ch 32LOAPUSH ch 32
LOAPUSH ch 32
 
Argentina and the Great Depression
Argentina and the Great DepressionArgentina and the Great Depression
Argentina and the Great Depression
 
1950s to 60s
1950s to 60s 1950s to 60s
1950s to 60s
 
The Progressive Era (1890-1920)
The Progressive Era (1890-1920)The Progressive Era (1890-1920)
The Progressive Era (1890-1920)
 
Ch 9 Notes
Ch 9 NotesCh 9 Notes
Ch 9 Notes
 
The Gilded Age
The Gilded AgeThe Gilded Age
The Gilded Age
 
2014 staar review
2014 staar review2014 staar review
2014 staar review
 
01 opening remarks_erasmogamboa
01 opening remarks_erasmogamboa01 opening remarks_erasmogamboa
01 opening remarks_erasmogamboa
 
APUSH Period 4 Review
APUSH Period 4 ReviewAPUSH Period 4 Review
APUSH Period 4 Review
 
Globalization and its Discontents
Globalization and its Discontents Globalization and its Discontents
Globalization and its Discontents
 
Ap new deal
Ap new dealAp new deal
Ap new deal
 
History #84 and 85
History #84 and 85History #84 and 85
History #84 and 85
 
Ap new deal
Ap new dealAp new deal
Ap new deal
 
The progressive era
The progressive eraThe progressive era
The progressive era
 
Colonization to Reform
Colonization to ReformColonization to Reform
Colonization to Reform
 

Similar to Chapter 19 section 1- underlined areas on Chapter 19 Test

United States History Ch.17 Section 1 Notes
United States History Ch.17 Section 1 NotesUnited States History Ch.17 Section 1 Notes
United States History Ch.17 Section 1 Notesskorbar7
 
Unit 5 section 2, lesson 1 an economic boom
Unit 5 section 2, lesson 1  an economic boomUnit 5 section 2, lesson 1  an economic boom
Unit 5 section 2, lesson 1 an economic boomMrsSmithGHS
 
Ch.10 the great depression
Ch.10  the great depressionCh.10  the great depression
Ch.10 the great depressiondhtaylor3
 
Ch.9 the roaring twenties
Ch.9  the roaring twentiesCh.9  the roaring twenties
Ch.9 the roaring twentiesdhtaylor3
 
The postwar years at home ch 27
The postwar years at home ch 27The postwar years at home ch 27
The postwar years at home ch 27phillipgrogers
 
America since 1945 class 1 movie
America since 1945 class 1 movieAmerica since 1945 class 1 movie
America since 1945 class 1 movieCatawba College
 
Entering a New Century, 1992-2013Chapter 29T.docx
Entering a New Century, 1992-2013Chapter 29T.docxEntering a New Century, 1992-2013Chapter 29T.docx
Entering a New Century, 1992-2013Chapter 29T.docxSALU18
 
Ch.15 searching for order
Ch.15  searching for orderCh.15  searching for order
Ch.15 searching for orderdhtaylor3
 
The New Deal Revision inc source questions
The New Deal Revision inc source questionsThe New Deal Revision inc source questions
The New Deal Revision inc source questionsmrgowneyhedges
 
Organizing for Victory
Organizing for VictoryOrganizing for Victory
Organizing for Victorykbeacom
 
Eoct review questions gps 25 late cold war and modern politics
Eoct review questions gps 25 late cold war and modern politicsEoct review questions gps 25 late cold war and modern politics
Eoct review questions gps 25 late cold war and modern politicsphillipgrogers
 
Us history fall final review week 16
Us history fall final review week 16Us history fall final review week 16
Us history fall final review week 16loganmw
 
United States History Ch. 13 Section 2 Notes
United States History Ch. 13 Section 2 NotesUnited States History Ch. 13 Section 2 Notes
United States History Ch. 13 Section 2 Notesskorbar7
 

Similar to Chapter 19 section 1- underlined areas on Chapter 19 Test (20)

United States History Ch.17 Section 1 Notes
United States History Ch.17 Section 1 NotesUnited States History Ch.17 Section 1 Notes
United States History Ch.17 Section 1 Notes
 
Unit 5 section 2, lesson 1 an economic boom
Unit 5 section 2, lesson 1  an economic boomUnit 5 section 2, lesson 1  an economic boom
Unit 5 section 2, lesson 1 an economic boom
 
Ch.10 the great depression
Ch.10  the great depressionCh.10  the great depression
Ch.10 the great depression
 
Ch.9 the roaring twenties
Ch.9  the roaring twentiesCh.9  the roaring twenties
Ch.9 the roaring twenties
 
Teacher Notes MODULE 27.pptx
Teacher Notes MODULE 27.pptxTeacher Notes MODULE 27.pptx
Teacher Notes MODULE 27.pptx
 
The postwar years at home ch 27
The postwar years at home ch 27The postwar years at home ch 27
The postwar years at home ch 27
 
America since 1945 class 1 movie
America since 1945 class 1 movieAmerica since 1945 class 1 movie
America since 1945 class 1 movie
 
Second New Deal
Second New DealSecond New Deal
Second New Deal
 
Entering a New Century, 1992-2013Chapter 29T.docx
Entering a New Century, 1992-2013Chapter 29T.docxEntering a New Century, 1992-2013Chapter 29T.docx
Entering a New Century, 1992-2013Chapter 29T.docx
 
USA Economy 1945-1989
USA Economy 1945-1989USA Economy 1945-1989
USA Economy 1945-1989
 
Teacher Notes MODULE 22.pptx
Teacher Notes MODULE 22.pptxTeacher Notes MODULE 22.pptx
Teacher Notes MODULE 22.pptx
 
Estados Unidos
Estados UnidosEstados Unidos
Estados Unidos
 
Ch.15 searching for order
Ch.15  searching for orderCh.15  searching for order
Ch.15 searching for order
 
The New Deal Revision inc source questions
The New Deal Revision inc source questionsThe New Deal Revision inc source questions
The New Deal Revision inc source questions
 
Capitalism in the US 1900 - 1940
Capitalism in the US 1900 - 1940Capitalism in the US 1900 - 1940
Capitalism in the US 1900 - 1940
 
Organizing for Victory
Organizing for VictoryOrganizing for Victory
Organizing for Victory
 
Second New Deal
Second New DealSecond New Deal
Second New Deal
 
Eoct review questions gps 25 late cold war and modern politics
Eoct review questions gps 25 late cold war and modern politicsEoct review questions gps 25 late cold war and modern politics
Eoct review questions gps 25 late cold war and modern politics
 
Us history fall final review week 16
Us history fall final review week 16Us history fall final review week 16
Us history fall final review week 16
 
United States History Ch. 13 Section 2 Notes
United States History Ch. 13 Section 2 NotesUnited States History Ch. 13 Section 2 Notes
United States History Ch. 13 Section 2 Notes
 

More from mrsbreedsclass

Kennedy and lewis primary document activity
Kennedy and lewis primary document activityKennedy and lewis primary document activity
Kennedy and lewis primary document activitymrsbreedsclass
 
Chapter 20 section 3 ppt
Chapter 20 section 3 pptChapter 20 section 3 ppt
Chapter 20 section 3 pptmrsbreedsclass
 
Post war Confidence and Anxiety Ch 19
Post war Confidence and Anxiety Ch 19Post war Confidence and Anxiety Ch 19
Post war Confidence and Anxiety Ch 19mrsbreedsclass
 
Chapter 19 section 2 Post-war America
Chapter 19 section 2 Post-war AmericaChapter 19 section 2 Post-war America
Chapter 19 section 2 Post-war Americamrsbreedsclass
 
Chapter 19 section Post War America
Chapter 19 section Post War AmericaChapter 19 section Post War America
Chapter 19 section Post War Americamrsbreedsclass
 
Start of the Cold War or Origins of the Cold War
Start of the Cold War or Origins of the Cold WarStart of the Cold War or Origins of the Cold War
Start of the Cold War or Origins of the Cold Warmrsbreedsclass
 
The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint
The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpointThe Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint
The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpointmrsbreedsclass
 
Chap 18 sect 2 The Korean War
Chap 18 sect 2 The Korean WarChap 18 sect 2 The Korean War
Chap 18 sect 2 The Korean Warmrsbreedsclass
 

More from mrsbreedsclass (17)

Kennedy and lewis primary document activity
Kennedy and lewis primary document activityKennedy and lewis primary document activity
Kennedy and lewis primary document activity
 
Chapter 20 section 3 ppt
Chapter 20 section 3 pptChapter 20 section 3 ppt
Chapter 20 section 3 ppt
 
Chapter 20 section 2
Chapter 20 section 2Chapter 20 section 2
Chapter 20 section 2
 
Chapter 20 sect 1
Chapter 20 sect 1Chapter 20 sect 1
Chapter 20 sect 1
 
Post war Confidence and Anxiety Ch 19
Post war Confidence and Anxiety Ch 19Post war Confidence and Anxiety Ch 19
Post war Confidence and Anxiety Ch 19
 
Chapter 19 Section 3
Chapter 19 Section 3Chapter 19 Section 3
Chapter 19 Section 3
 
Chapter 19 section 4
Chapter 19 section 4Chapter 19 section 4
Chapter 19 section 4
 
Chapter 19 Section 3
Chapter 19 Section 3Chapter 19 Section 3
Chapter 19 Section 3
 
Chapter 19 section 2 Post-war America
Chapter 19 section 2 Post-war AmericaChapter 19 section 2 Post-war America
Chapter 19 section 2 Post-war America
 
Chapter 19 section Post War America
Chapter 19 section Post War AmericaChapter 19 section Post War America
Chapter 19 section Post War America
 
Sociology Chapter 2
Sociology Chapter 2Sociology Chapter 2
Sociology Chapter 2
 
The Cold War at Home
The Cold War at HomeThe Cold War at Home
The Cold War at Home
 
The Cold War Expands
The Cold War ExpandsThe Cold War Expands
The Cold War Expands
 
Start of the Cold War or Origins of the Cold War
Start of the Cold War or Origins of the Cold WarStart of the Cold War or Origins of the Cold War
Start of the Cold War or Origins of the Cold War
 
The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint
The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpointThe Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint
The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint
 
Chap 18 sect 2 The Korean War
Chap 18 sect 2 The Korean WarChap 18 sect 2 The Korean War
Chap 18 sect 2 The Korean War
 
Soc Ch 1 notes
Soc Ch 1 notesSoc Ch 1 notes
Soc Ch 1 notes
 

Recently uploaded

Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineHow to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineCeline George
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Osopher
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research DiscourseAnita GoswamiGiri
 
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptxUmeshTimilsina1
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxryandux83rd
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroomSamsung Business USA
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptxTransdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptxinfo924062
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipKarl Donert
 
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm  In Media Res Media ComponentSarah Lahm  In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media ComponentInMediaRes1
 
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest EntranceFarrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrancejulius27264
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineHow to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
 
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
 
Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,
Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,
Spearman's correlation,Formula,Advantages,
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
 
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptxTransdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
 
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm  In Media Res Media ComponentSarah Lahm  In Media Res Media Component
Sarah Lahm In Media Res Media Component
 
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest EntranceFarrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 

Chapter 19 section 1- underlined areas on Chapter 19 Test

  • 1. Chapter 19 Section 1 All notes are subject to test questions but pay particular attention to the underlined notes
  • 3. Objectives • Describe how the United States made the transformation to a peacetime economy. • Discuss the accomplishments of Presidents Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower. • Analyze the 1950s economic boom.
  • 4. Terms and People • demobilization – sending home members of the army • GI Bill of Rights – eased the return of World War II veterans by providing education and employment aid • baby boom – increase in births between 1945 and 1964
  • 5. Terms and People (continued) • productivity – the rate at which goods are produced or services performed • Taft-Hartley Act – a law that restricted the power of labor unions; outlawed the closed shop, a workplace in which only union members can be hired • Fair Deal – President Truman’s program to expand New Deal reforms
  • 6. How did the nation experience recovery and economic prosperity after World War II? The GI Bill of Rights and a strong demand for consumer goods – coupled with defense spending on the Korean War and increased foreign demand for U.S. goods – greatly improved the U.S. economy after World War II. The U.S became the richest country in the world.
  • 7. After World War II, many citizens and economists feared the country would fall into a widespread depression. • Truman started demobilization, and millions of soldiers came home and searched for work. • Contracts to produce military goods were cancelled and millions of defense workers lost their jobs. • An end to rationing and price controls – plus a demand for goods – fueled inflation.
  • 8. The post-war U.S. did not experience unemployment or a renewed depression, but it did have serious economic problems. The most painful was skyrocketing prices Prices rose about 18 percent in 1946, and the prices of some products doubled. There was severe inflation
  • 9. To help veterans, the federal government enacted the GI Bill of Rights. Benefit Results • The bill provided one year of unemployment pay for veterans unable to find work. • The pay helped veterans support themselves and their families. • The bill provided financial aid to attend college. • Eight million veterans entered or returned to college. • The bill entitled veterans to loans for buying homes and starting businesses. • There was an upsurge in home construction, which led to explosive growth in suburban areas.
  • 10. With the Great Depression and the war behind them, many returning soldiers quickly married and started families.
  • 11. • The result was a postwar baby boom. • Between 1940 and 1955, the U.S. population experienced its greatest increase, growing 27 percent from about 130 to about 165 million.
  • 12. When wartime restrictions ended, demand for consumer goods soared. Businesses employed more people to produce goods. This created a cycle in which people bought new goods, leading business to hire more workers, who in turn bought more goods. The postwar years ushered in a period of domestic prosperity that lasted nearly 20 years. The U.S. became the richest country in the world.
  • 13. During the postwar period, the U.S. economy also benefitted from technological advances, such as atomic power, computers, and plastics. Worker productivity continued to improve, largely because of new technology. The economy also got a boost from federal defense spending for the Korean War and from foreign demand for U.S. goods caused by the Marshall Plan.
  • 14. Between 1945 and 1960, the nation’s gross national product (GNP) more than doubled.
  • 15. Despite the economic growth, the U.S. faced challenges during after World War II. President Harry Truman faced the following issues. • The Cold War was beginning and there were communist takeovers in Europe and Asia. • The U.S. faced inflation and labor unrest at home.
  • 16. Trade unionists demanded pay increases to keep up with inflation. Employers refused to meet labor’s demands. Millions of steel, coal, railroad, and automotive workers went on strike, prompting Congress to enact the Taft-Hartley Act over Truman’s veto.
  • 17. Truman also established a special committee on civil rights to investigate race relations. The committee made several recommendations for reforms, but Congress rejected them all. Truman desegregated the military, which did not need Congressional approval.
  • 18. By spring 1948, Truman’s standing had sunk so low that few thought he could win election that fall. However, Truman managed the political upset of the century, beating three other candidates, two of them from new political parties.
  • 19. Shortly after the election, Truman announced a far-ranging legislative program he called the Fair Deal. • The Fair Deal was meant to strengthen existing New Deal reforms and establish new programs, such as national health insurance. • But Congress rejected most of Truman’s Fair Deal proposals.
  • 20. Legislative failure and a stalled war in Korea contributed to Truman’s loss of popularity, and he did not seek reelection in 1952. Popular, charming Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower won the presidency that year, beating Democrat Adlai Stevenson. The public believed that Eisenhower would walk the line between liberal and conservative political positions, and he did not disappoint.
  • 21. Eisenhower created an interstate highway system and spent more money on education. The strong U.S economy went a long way toward making his presidency one of the most prosperous, peaceful, and politically tranquil in the 20th century.