TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

The Cold War in China and Korea
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

Objectives
• Explain how Mao Zedong and the
...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

Terms and People
• Jiang Jieshi − Nationalis...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

Terms and People (continued)
• Southeast Asi...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

How did President Truman use the power
of th...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

China
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

Before World War II, China had been torn
apa...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

During World War II,
the two sides formed
an...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

Mao built support by promising food to the s...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

Mao’s victory deeply shocked Americans.
Comm...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

Korea
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

The next battleground
was on the Korean
peni...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

North Korea

South Korea

The Soviet Union
s...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

The crisis began in June 1950.

North Korean...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

Forces from the United
States and other UN
c...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

American troops in South Korea were led by
W...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

MacArthur’s plan worked.
In the fall of 1950...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

The South Koreans appeared to be
winning the...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

During the winter of
1950 and 1951,
communis...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

The United States now faced the
possibility ...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

By the spring of 1951, UN
forces secured the...
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas.

In 1953, the two sides agreed to a cease-fir...
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Chap 18 sect 2 The Korean War

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Chap 18 sect 2 The Korean War

  1. 1. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The Cold War in China and Korea
  2. 2. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Objectives • Explain how Mao Zedong and the communists gained power in China. • Describe the causes and progress of the war in Korea. • Identify the long-term effects of the Korean War.
  3. 3. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People • Jiang Jieshi − Nationalist [supports the current gov’t.] leader in China • Mao Zedong − communist leader in China • 38th parallel − dividing line between North Korea and South Korea • Douglas MacArthur − World War II hero who commanded American troops in South Korea • limited war − war fought to achieve only specific goals
  4. 4. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People (continued) • Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) − defensive alliance aimed at preventing communism from spreading from China to the rest of Southeast Asia • It was an Asian version of NATO • Was backed by the US
  5. 5. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. How did President Truman use the power of the presidency to limit the spread of communism in East Asia? In the early 1950s, Cold War tensions erupted in East Asia, where communist and noncommunist forces struggled for control of Korea.
  6. 6. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. China
  7. 7. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Before World War II, China had been torn apart by a brutal civil war. Pro-government Nationalists Communist revolutionaries • Led by Jiang Jieshi • Led by Mao Zedong • Supported by the United States • Supported by the Soviet Union
  8. 8. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. During World War II, the two sides formed an uneasy alliance to fight Japan. Once the war ended, however, civil war broke out once again, with renewed fury. Despite U.S. aid, Jiang’s government faltered. • Nationalist generals were reluctant to fight. • Corruption was rampant.
  9. 9. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Mao built support by promising food to the starving population. Communist forces soon dominated. The Nationalists lost the civil war & their leader fled to Taiwan in 1949. Mao took control of China.
  10. 10. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Mao’s victory deeply shocked Americans. Communists seemed to be winning everywhere, extending their reach throughout the world. Communist regimes now controlled • One fourth of the world’s area • One third of the world’s people
  11. 11. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Korea
  12. 12. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The next battleground was on the Korean peninsula. Once controlled by Japan, Korea was divided along the 38th parallel into two countries after World War II.
  13. 13. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. North Korea South Korea The Soviet Union supported North Korea and established a communist government there. The United States provided aid to noncommunist South Korea.
  14. 14. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The crisis began in June 1950. North Korean troops, armed with Soviet equipment, crossed the 38th parallel and attacked South Korea. Communist forces advanced far into South Korea.
  15. 15. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Forces from the United States and other UN countries arrived to help their South Korean allies. They halted their retreat near Pusan.
  16. 16. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. American troops in South Korea were led by World War II hero Douglas MacArthur. MacArthur devised a bold counterattack designed to drive the invaders from South Korea.
  17. 17. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. MacArthur’s plan worked. In the fall of 1950, a surprise landing at Inchon helped UN forces push the North Koreans to the Chinese border.
  18. 18. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The South Koreans appeared to be winning the Korean War until China joined in the conflict • The Chinese attacked U.S. and South Korean positions. • UN troops, badly outnumbered, were forced to retreat.
  19. 19. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. During the winter of 1950 and 1951, communist forces pushed UN troops to the 37th parallel.
  20. 20. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The United States now faced the possibility of all-out war against the world’s most populous nation. MacArthur favored invading China to win a total victory. Truman refused. He favored a limited war to help stabilize South Korea.
  21. 21. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. By the spring of 1951, UN forces secured their position near the 38th parallel, and a tense stalemate began.
  22. 22. TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In 1953, the two sides agreed to a cease-fire. This agreement remains in effect today. There was no clear winner in the Korean War, but the conflict had lasting effects in the United States. • Military spending increased. • Military commitments increased worldwide. • SEATO contained communism in Asia. • Future Presidents sent the military into combat without Congressional approval.

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