GREECE It has borders with Albania , the Republic of Macedonia  and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east and south of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west. Both parts of the Eastern Mediterranean basin feature a vast number of islands , islets and rock islands. Modern Greece traces its roots to the civilization of ancient Greece , generally considered to be the cradle of Western civilization . As such, it is the birthplace of democracy ,  Western philosophy ,  the Olympic Games , Western literature and historiography , political science , major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama ,  including both tragedy and comedy . Greece is a developed country , a member of the European Union since 1981,  a member of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union since 2001, NATO since 1952,  the OECD since 1961,  the WEU since 1995, a founding member of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation and a member of ESA since 2005.  Athens is the capital; Thessaloniki , Patras , Heraklion , Larissa , Volos , Ioannina , Kavala , Rhodes and Serres are some of the country's other major cities.
ALL ABOUT GREECE <ul><li> GREECE-WHY VISIT THIS COUNTRY ? GREECE ONCE WAS IN THE BATTLE AGINST THE PERSIAN EMPIRE WICH WAS BASED ON THE MOVIE 300.FOR THE GREEK,ATHEN IS THE BEST EXAMPLE OF A DEMOCRATIC CITY STATE,IT WAS THE HOME OF THE WORLDS FIRST DEMOCRATIC CONTITUTION.IN THE 300B.C.,PHILLIP II OF MACEDONIA AND HIS SON,ALEXANDER THE GREAT, INVADED THE NORTHERN BORDER OF GREECE.DURING THESE PERIOD,CITY-STATES SUCH AS ATHENS AND SPARTA WANTED TO EXPAND THEIR EMPIRES. </li></ul>