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Satire, Parody,
and Everything in
Between
DON QUIXOTE
A MODEST PROPOSAL
GULLIVER’S TRAVELS
Satire vs. Parody
The difference is the intention:
◦ Satire is stands for a social or political change. It
depicts an anger or frustration trying to make the
subject palatable.
◦ Parody is really meant for mocking and it may or
may not incite the society. Parody is just pure
entertainment and nothing else. It does not have
a direct influence on the society.
Don Quixote
Pg. 627
Overt Purpose behind
Don Quixote
Overt purpose--to parody the genre of
chivalric romance by showing what would
happen if anyone were insane enough to take
romantic, chivalric, courtly love conventions
seriously and to try to live by them in the
modern world (of ~1600)
What happens to that
purpose?
Cervantes thus juxtaposes concrete actuality
(world of 1600) to high ideal values (chivalry)
Chivalry is thus not exactly satirized or
parodied, simply judged against modern
standards--and modern standards are judged
against chivalry.
The ordinary modern world vs. Don Quixote
Ordinary World
World of reality
World of reason
Actions prompted by material
considerations
Don Quixote’s World
World of illusion
World of imagination
Actions prompted by high ideal
motives
Effect on reader of Don Quixote
We expect to laugh at Don Q and his mis-fitting into
the modern world; we gradually come to admire him
more than the sane folks surrounding him.
Don Quixote’s strength and the consistency of his
belief system (albeit a mad one) coupled to his high
ideals, make his world of illusion more attractive
than reality.
This compelling attraction of DQ’s madness is first
seen in in Sancho Panza, then in the reader
Man of La Mancha
Satire
Poke fun at
◦ human institutions (e.g. Healthcare, government,
education, banking)
◦ Human weaknesses/vices (e.g. greed, lust, gluttony, spite)
Only meant to illuminate a societal issue, not
provide solutions to it
Makes us laugh, but also makes us think
A MODEST PROPOSAL
For preventing the
children of poor people
in Ireland, from being a
burden on their parents
or country, and for
making them beneficial
to the public.
Pg. 583
A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT
The emperor believed himself to be the
delight and terror of the universe, but it
appeared quite absurd to Gulliver who was
twelve times as tall as he.
In his account of the two parties in the
country, distinguished by the use of high and
low heels.
Religious disputes were laughed at in an
account of a problem which divided the
Lilliputians: “ Should eggs be broken at the
big end or the little end?”
The first part tells about his experience in Lilliput
Main Characters
Lilliputians
◦ Inhabit Lilliput
◦ Only 6 inches tall
◦ Prone to conspiracies and
jealousies
Emperor
◦ Ruler of the Lilliputians
◦ Despite small size, loves being in
control, exercising his power, and
his large palace
Gulliver Meets the Lilliputians
He finds that the population is split between
'Big Enders' and 'Little Enders‘
The Emperor who is keen to go to war with
Belfuscu and the defecting 'Big Enders‘
The Empress who originally likes Gulliver, but
is then offended when he urinates on
buildings to put out a fire
Satire in Voyage to Lilliput
Lilliput – England
Blefuscu – France
The Big-Endian/Little-Endian controversy satirizes
the futility of British quarrels over religion.
Gulliver sees the tiny Lilliputians as being vicious
and unscrupulous –Swift makes them literally small
to indicate the “small mindedness” of the British
parliament.
Satire
What does the song
satirize?
How do you know?
(provide evidence from
either the lyrics or the
video)
Parody

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Satire, Parody and Genre-Bending Works

  • 1. Satire, Parody, and Everything in Between DON QUIXOTE A MODEST PROPOSAL GULLIVER’S TRAVELS
  • 2. Satire vs. Parody The difference is the intention: ◦ Satire is stands for a social or political change. It depicts an anger or frustration trying to make the subject palatable. ◦ Parody is really meant for mocking and it may or may not incite the society. Parody is just pure entertainment and nothing else. It does not have a direct influence on the society.
  • 4. Overt Purpose behind Don Quixote Overt purpose--to parody the genre of chivalric romance by showing what would happen if anyone were insane enough to take romantic, chivalric, courtly love conventions seriously and to try to live by them in the modern world (of ~1600)
  • 5. What happens to that purpose? Cervantes thus juxtaposes concrete actuality (world of 1600) to high ideal values (chivalry) Chivalry is thus not exactly satirized or parodied, simply judged against modern standards--and modern standards are judged against chivalry.
  • 6. The ordinary modern world vs. Don Quixote Ordinary World World of reality World of reason Actions prompted by material considerations Don Quixote’s World World of illusion World of imagination Actions prompted by high ideal motives
  • 7. Effect on reader of Don Quixote We expect to laugh at Don Q and his mis-fitting into the modern world; we gradually come to admire him more than the sane folks surrounding him. Don Quixote’s strength and the consistency of his belief system (albeit a mad one) coupled to his high ideals, make his world of illusion more attractive than reality. This compelling attraction of DQ’s madness is first seen in in Sancho Panza, then in the reader
  • 8. Man of La Mancha
  • 9. Satire Poke fun at ◦ human institutions (e.g. Healthcare, government, education, banking) ◦ Human weaknesses/vices (e.g. greed, lust, gluttony, spite) Only meant to illuminate a societal issue, not provide solutions to it Makes us laugh, but also makes us think
  • 10. A MODEST PROPOSAL For preventing the children of poor people in Ireland, from being a burden on their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the public. Pg. 583
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13. A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT The emperor believed himself to be the delight and terror of the universe, but it appeared quite absurd to Gulliver who was twelve times as tall as he. In his account of the two parties in the country, distinguished by the use of high and low heels. Religious disputes were laughed at in an account of a problem which divided the Lilliputians: “ Should eggs be broken at the big end or the little end?” The first part tells about his experience in Lilliput
  • 14. Main Characters Lilliputians ◦ Inhabit Lilliput ◦ Only 6 inches tall ◦ Prone to conspiracies and jealousies Emperor ◦ Ruler of the Lilliputians ◦ Despite small size, loves being in control, exercising his power, and his large palace
  • 15. Gulliver Meets the Lilliputians He finds that the population is split between 'Big Enders' and 'Little Enders‘ The Emperor who is keen to go to war with Belfuscu and the defecting 'Big Enders‘ The Empress who originally likes Gulliver, but is then offended when he urinates on buildings to put out a fire
  • 16. Satire in Voyage to Lilliput Lilliput – England Blefuscu – France The Big-Endian/Little-Endian controversy satirizes the futility of British quarrels over religion. Gulliver sees the tiny Lilliputians as being vicious and unscrupulous –Swift makes them literally small to indicate the “small mindedness” of the British parliament.
  • 18. What does the song satirize? How do you know? (provide evidence from either the lyrics or the video)