Ramayana (456)


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Ramayana (456)

  1. 1. chapters 4, 5 and 6 RAMAYANA CHAPTER NOTES
  2. 2. Chapter 4 <ul><li>Ravana hears of brother’s death. Revenge=CAPTURE SITA </li></ul><ul><li>Maricha objects claiming that it will destroy the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Ravana feels that Rama is no match for his wit or strength. </li></ul><ul><li>Maricha devises a plan. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter 4 <ul><li>Maricha’s plan=to lure Sita with a beautiful golden and silver deer with antlers of sapphire and skin as soft as petals of flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Sita sees the deer and wants it. </li></ul><ul><li>Lakshmana tells Rama to beware of the deer. He felt is could be a rakshasas in disguise. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 4 <ul><li>Rama doesn’t heed the advice and asks Lakshmana to watch Sita. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama follows the deer, shoots it and Maricha resumes his shape. </li></ul><ul><li>Maricha disguises his voice as Rama’s and calls Lakshmana. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita hears the cry and tells Lakshmana to find Rama. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter 4 <ul><li>Lakshamana refuses. Sita is angry. Lakshmana goes. </li></ul><ul><li>Ravana watches Sita and disguises himself as a holy hermit. The forest knew of Ravana’s deception. </li></ul><ul><li>Ravana approaches Sita, introduces himself and asks her to choose him as her love. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita refuses. Ravana kidnaps her as she shouts for her husband and Lakshmana. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 4 <ul><li>Brahma is happy because he knows that Ravana will die. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita throws her golden veil and jewels to the earth/monkeys. </li></ul><ul><li>When Rama return Sita is gone. </li></ul><ul><li>Sugriva, the monkey king, tells Rama of his wife’s kidnapping and agrees to help Rama. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chapter 4 <ul><li>Hanuman will be able find Sita. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama gives Hanuman his signet ring to show Sita so that Sita knows that Hanuman comes to help her. </li></ul><ul><li>Hanuman turns into a cat and enters Lanka but cannot find Sita. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita is in the forest with Ravana. She refuses him. Hanuman whispers to her and gives her the signet ring. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chapter 4 <ul><li>Sita asks Hanuman to give Rama a jeweled token. </li></ul><ul><li>Ten months pass… </li></ul><ul><li>Rama speaks to Hanuman about his wife. </li></ul><ul><li>Sugriva and Rama lead the monkeys to the great sea. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chapter 5 <ul><li>Kumbha-karna promises to support Ravana in his plight to destroy Rama. </li></ul><ul><li>Vibhishana will not fight as he states,”The warrior who fights the right fight is doubly armed” </li></ul><ul><li>Ravana banishes Vibhishana and he joins Rama. </li></ul>Hanuman burns part of Lanka.
  10. 10. Chapter 5 <ul><li>Vibhishana becomes king after Ravana is defeated. </li></ul><ul><li>Battle: might #1=Rama, #2=Ravana </li></ul><ul><li>Rama fights Ravana on the back of Hanuman, demolishes chariot, breaks crown and wounds Ravana with arrows. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama doesn’t kill Ravana because he is too weak to fight. Look for the example of flaw of pity. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Chapter 5 <ul><li>Kumbha-karna joins Ravana to fight, kills hundreds of monkeys and refuses to fight Lakshmana so that he may save his strength for Rama. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama tears off Kumbha-karna’s arms and with Indra’s great arrow severs his head from his neck. </li></ul><ul><li>Lakshmana kills Ravana’s son. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Chapter 5 <ul><li>Rama v. Ravana </li></ul><ul><li>Ravana enters with a new chariot and horses. </li></ul><ul><li>Indra resolves to help the righteous Rama by providing him with golden armor and a horse drawn chariot. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama uses Vishnu’s bow in battle. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Chapter 5 <ul><li>Rama slices off all ten of Ravana’s heads but they continue to grow back. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahma’s arrow kills Ravana as Rama shoots it through Ravana’s heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama sends Hanuman to retrieve Sita. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama tells Sita that she bears a moral stain because she has lived with another man. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama explains that he must publicly renounce her. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Chapter 5 <ul><li>Sita asks her husband why he rescued her. </li></ul><ul><li>She claims that she has not been unfaithful and that Rama must work to restore her honor. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita enters the flames and disappears. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Chapter 5 <ul><li>The gods come to earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita passes the test of purity. </li></ul><ul><li>The exile is over. </li></ul><ul><li>Dasa-ratha speaks to Lakshmana asking him to take care of Rama. Dasa-ratha asks Sita to forgive Rama. </li></ul><ul><li>Indra gives Rama a gift of renewed life for the dead who fought for his cause. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Chapter 5 <ul><li>Hanuman requests eternal life to tell the tale. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama and Sita reign as the King and Queen of Ayodhya for 10, 000 years. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Chapter 6 <ul><li>Sita becomes pregnant. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama meets wise men at the Ganges River. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama asks what his subjects think of him. </li></ul><ul><li>The wise men say that his subjects criticize Rama for taking back Sita. </li></ul><ul><li>The wise men tell Rama to renounce Sita again but Rama knows that she is pure. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Chapter 6 <ul><li>Lakshmana is to take Sita to Valmiki’s and leave her to rest as she is pregnant. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita accepts her exile because it is her dharma. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita gives birth to twins. </li></ul><ul><li>Valmiki teaches the children to sing The Ramayana. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Chapter 6 <ul><li>Brahma requests that Valmiki put Rama’s story into beautiful verse. </li></ul><ul><li>Valmiki creates The Ramayana . </li></ul><ul><li>Years pass and Rama has a celebration for his subjects. Valmiki attends with Rama’s twin sons. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama realizes that they are his children and speaks to Valmiki about Sita. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Chapter 6 <ul><li>Rama wants his wife back after she proves her purity again. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama apologizes to Sita. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita claims that it is time to leave her life behind. </li></ul><ul><li>The earth opens, a golden throne rises and Sita leaves. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Chapter 6 <ul><li>Brahma tells Rama that he will rejoin Sita. They will live as Vishnu and Lakshmi. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama and his brothers enter the afterlife as Vishnu. </li></ul><ul><li>THE END!! </li></ul>