Group #2, Pd. 5
• Most sacred of all literature.
• Revealed to humans directly by gods.
• Preserved orally for centuries and written
down 500 years ago.
• Explain the meaning of rituals, how to
perform them, and praise the gods.
• Sanskrit for “wisdom”.
• Serves as commentaries on or for
philosophical extensions of the hymns.
• Sanskrit for “sit at the feet of”.
• Name given to more than 100 texts that make
up the last part of the Vedas.
• Seen as records of conversations and
discussions about most basic questions of
• One of two great epics
in Indian literature.
• Epic focuses on dharma
(duties and obligations),
karma (actions effect
next life), and
• Sanskrit meaning, “the song of the
• Poem that makes up a small part of
• Author of Bhagavad Gita is unknown.
• Contains eighteen chapters.
• Contains conversations between warrior,
Arjuna and Krishna (God).
• Collection of oral
traditions that have
been written down.
• Most famous of the
• Appeared in 200
versions and in many