An apostrophe is a figure of speech in which a
speaker directly addresses an absent or dead
person, an abstract quality, or something non
human as if it were present.
It is used in the story when the speaker addresses
night in the form of a goddess.
For example when the speaker says, “The goddess
Night has drawn near, looking about on many sides
with her eyes. She has put on all her glories,” he is
speaking about night which is a nonhuman thing in
the form of a goddess as if it were living.
The hymn is praising Ratri who is the
goddess of night.
It’s the only hymn out of the ten books of
the Rig Veda that is dedicated to Ratri.
It describes her in the appearance of a
The hymn explained
that she was a
beautiful goddess who
“stems the tide of
darkness with her
light,” which is the
She drives everyone
home to prepare for
the night when she
brings her darkness.
The Vedas are
knowledge of the Hindu
culture and according to
them, they are all-
For Hindus, their
religion is a “way of
life,” so they take the
Vedas very seriously.
They also believe that
the Vedas came straight
from the gods.