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Art, educators, communities - a participatory approach


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Jouni Piekkari (Finland)

Centre for extension studies,
University of Turku

Published in: Business, Education
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Art, educators, communities - a participatory approach

  2. 2. Art, educators, communities a participatory approach Jouni Piekkari, Finland
  3. 3. Aims of this presentation... <ul><li>What is participatory approach in arts? </li></ul><ul><li>training of community artist-educators in Finland </li></ul><ul><li>international impacts and inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>examples of community art projects, that have also been art educator trainings </li></ul><ul><li>(The text in full can be found in the book ”DRAMA – a WAY to Social inclusion”. Downloadable at / dramaway ) </li></ul>
  4. 4. My work... <ul><li>teacher of socio-cultural work and drama on polytechnic and university levels (free lance) </li></ul><ul><li>producing cultural events and trainings for educators </li></ul><ul><li>cultural exchange </li></ul><ul><li>action research in musical anthropology (ethnomusicology) </li></ul>
  5. 5. In my work I emphasize... <ul><li>integrative approach: </li></ul><ul><li>helping different groups meet and know each other </li></ul><ul><li>open networks and potential communities </li></ul><ul><li>art for social change - issue based work </li></ul><ul><li>use of traditional forms of expression </li></ul><ul><li>use of drama to integrate different elements of the artistic work </li></ul>
  6. 6. * A group of people close to each other physically or mentally * potential, sleeping, unborn communities * networks of communities - integrating approach Communities?
  7. 7. Theories and inspirations
  8. 8. Pedagogy of Liberation Paulo Freire, Brazil <ul><li>learning is a process of active dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>learning starts from the everyday experiences of the learners </li></ul><ul><li>giving names to the problems </li></ul><ul><li>questioning leads to awareness and social change </li></ul><ul><li>art is a tool for understanding </li></ul><ul><li>” folk media” - locally accepted forms </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pamodzi Zambian-Finnish experiments of Theatre-for-Development in Finland, 1994 photos: Mikael Rönkkö
  10. 10. Against xenofobia in bars….
  11. 11. Theatre for Awareness Natya Chetana, Orissa, India Photo: Tarja Ervasti
  12. 12. pupil as an active creator of her reality: Constructivism <ul><li>strictly defined curriculum is impossible: </li></ul><ul><li>each individual constructs understanding on the basis of her earlier life experiences </li></ul><ul><li>pupil learns both in and outside of school </li></ul><ul><li>different learning strategies are respected </li></ul><ul><li>drama can integrate different subjects </li></ul>
  13. 13. Polytechnic of Seinäjoki students constructing their understanding on technology: fight between the sexes
  14. 14. What is participatory approach? <ul><li>communities themselves plan, implement and evaluate - outside facilitators help the process </li></ul><ul><li>all members are helped to participate - regardless of age, gender or social status </li></ul><ul><li>the goal is positive social change </li></ul><ul><li>what is ”positive change” is defined by the community itself - not the”developers” from outside </li></ul><ul><li>building of identity and cultural aspect are essential </li></ul>
  15. 15. Educator as facilitator * learning is a dialogue: educators and communities learn from each other * educators and community members are researchers, anthropologist * research is interaction Finnish educators learning folkdances and helping in hay making,(Viena Karelia, Russia 2001)
  16. 16. Theatre for Development experiments in Zambia Photo: Annamari Karjalainen
  17. 17. Participatory approach to arts is used in the training of... <ul><ul><ul><li>youth, social and health workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>socio-cultural producers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>art managers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>development cooperation and activists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>teachers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Examples of the projects
  19. 19. Forum theatre in Finland and Estonia Forum theater in Finland and Estonia
  20. 20. What is forum theatre? <ul><li>created by Augusto Boal (Brazil) in early70´s </li></ul><ul><li>inspired by Pedagogy of Liberation </li></ul><ul><li>interactive theatre: </li></ul><ul><li>audience comes to the stage to solve conflicts through acting </li></ul><ul><li>can be also a workshop to explore the issues of the participants </li></ul><ul><li>in Europe and America used by some groups in schools and youth houses: </li></ul><ul><li>typical themes: bullying, sex, drugs, family problems </li></ul>
  21. 21. Photo: Jussi Kareinen
  22. 22. Becoming Visible art with asylum seekers <ul><li>some asylum seekers wait for their possible refugee status up to 4 years - insecurity is hard </li></ul><ul><li>Aims of the project : </li></ul><ul><li>facilitate the employment of the asylum seekers </li></ul><ul><li>maintain the mental health during the process </li></ul><ul><li>create links to the surrounding society - improve the image </li></ul><ul><li>develop the culture of the centers: participation in cleaning, festivities, running of activities, planning </li></ul>
  23. 23. Celebration for Light - procession of lanterns is about to start
  24. 24. Kuuluvaks - participatory music making
  25. 25. Becoming visible activities... <ul><li>drama for learning Finnish </li></ul><ul><li>personal future planning workshops </li></ul><ul><li>forum theatre for conflict resolution </li></ul><ul><li>celebratory events - Festival of Light </li></ul><ul><li>workcamps at the farms </li></ul><ul><li>music research - multicultural band </li></ul><ul><li>outside visits, workshops etc. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Drama Way Drama - a way to social inclusion Photo: Leena Jokinen
  27. 27. Photo: Leena Jokinen
  28. 28. Photo: Leena Jokinen
  29. 29. Kullervo cuts the knife of his dead father in a stone in the bread... Photo: Leena Jokinen
  30. 30. Drama Way - national themes... <ul><li>CATALONIA: young immigrants and prisoners (participatory drama) </li></ul><ul><li>ESTONIA: young people in the rapid change (forum theatre) </li></ul><ul><li>FINLAND: prevention of substance abuse (Live role games, participatory drama) </li></ul><ul><li>PORTUGAL: youth and problems of rural areas (Theatre-in-Education; forum theatre) </li></ul>
  31. 31. Links… <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> (Canada) </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><ul><li>Jouni Piekkari, Finland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short biograph </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Candidate of Humanistic Sciences (1995), University of Tampere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects: ethnomusicology, social psychology, development studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Course of Journalism, Laajasalon opisto (1982-3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work experience : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journalist work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Etelä-Suomen Sanomat (1982-3; 1987) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Finnish Broadcasting Company, radio music journalist (1984) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher and course designer: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Full time teacher of applied drama (Turku Polytechnic) (1998-2001) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Applied drama and theatre continuing education courses in various Polytechnics, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Universities and other institutions (1994-) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Socio-cultural work courses, Seinäjoki Polytechnic (1997-) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning, implementing or consulting of participatory housing area art projects: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in towns of Toijala, Nokia, Espoo, Rovaniemi, Kaarina, Turku, Tampere and Tallin (1995-2000) </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><ul><li>Producer of various cultural exchange projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(some examples): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* South-North Theatre workshop between Nordic and SADCC countries, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Center for Development Cooperation (1990-91) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Finnish-Zambian Pamodzi –community theatre, exhibition, dance and information tour, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service center for development cooperation (KEPA) (1994) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Beural Dyoko Mbira group tour, Finnish Foreign Ministry/KEPA (1996) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* 500 years of resistance – Capoeira tours, Service Center for Development cooperation (KEPA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Vimbuza healing dance tour, Community theatre association NOW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Drama Way (Drama – a way to social inclusion) EU-training project, University of Turku </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Näkyväks! – art project for integration of asylum seekers, Turku Polytechnic/ Finnish Red cross </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natya Chetana theatre (India) performance and workshop tour (2001) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International teaching experience : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Forum theatre training in Estonia, VAT theatre/Theatre Academy of Finland, (1998-9, 2003-4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Finnish-Zambian theatre exchange project, Polytechnic of Turku, University of Zambia (2001) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Forum theatre workshop in Barcelona, Teatro La Naveva (2002) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* workshops and debates in Natya Chetana Folk theatre festival, India (2001) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forum theatre workshop in Portugal, BAAL 17 (2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory drama workshop in Spain, Patothom (2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Labas! Lithuanian –Finnish drama exchange project (2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other experience: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Conductor of ethnic music and dance workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Production on Finnish folk music and dance productions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Performer of Finnish, Balkan, Brazilian, Balinese and African music, dance or theatre productions in various contexts </li></ul></ul>