Vietnam<br />Elections and End of U.S. Involvement<br />
Reactions<br />Walter Cronkite – Newsman - 1968<br />“We have too often been disappointed by the optimism of the American ...
Objectives<br />Understand the Elections of ‘68 and ‘72<br />Understand Nixon’s exit strategy<br />How did the Vietnam war...
1968 Election<br />Democratic Party <br />1968= Great Society < Civil Rights < Vietnam<br />Challengers arise in Democrati...
1968 Election<br />10,000 Protestors – 600 arrested<br />What do other Americans see?<br />
1968 Election<br />Republicans<br />Richard Nixon – “Law and Order” at home and Secret Plan for Vietnam<br />“War must be ...
1968 Election<br />Independent Party – George Wallace <br />Southern Democrat against ultra-liberal policies (Great Societ...
1968 Election<br />Popular Vote:  	Nixon 		43.4%<br />					Humphrey	42.7%<br />					Wallace		13.5%<br />Nixon enjoys wider...
Nixon’s Goal<br />Peace Negotiations with North<br />Vietnamization<br />End U.S. Involvement<br />Set up Anti-Communist G...
Increased Distrust of Gov’t<br />My Lai Massacre – 1968 and 1969<br />Secret War (Cambodia and Laos)<br />Pentagon Papers<...
1972 Election<br />Nixon vs. McGovern (huge war critic)<br />26th Amendment in 1971<br />Kissinger Announces “Peace at Han...
Peace Agreement<br />January of 1973<br />Paris Peace Accord (U.S., North, South, VC)<br />-Cease Fire<br />	-Withdraw of ...
Real end of war<br />1975 – North Vietnam invades south<br />April – they reach and overrun Saigon<br />U.S. Military has ...
Legacies of Vietnam War<br />Changes view of American government<br />War Powers Act 1973<br />“Is this another Vietnam”?<...
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07 vietnam elections 68 and 72 nixon

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07 vietnam elections 68 and 72 nixon

  1. 1. Vietnam<br />Elections and End of U.S. Involvement<br />
  2. 2. Reactions<br />Walter Cronkite – Newsman - 1968<br />“We have too often been disappointed by the optimism of the American Leaders…for it seems now more certain than ever that the bloody experience of Vietnam is to end in a stalemate”<br />“If I’ve lost Cronkite, I’ve lost middle America.”- LBJ<br /> <br />What does LBJ mean? <br />What are some events before and after this comment that provide support to Cronkite?<br />
  3. 3. Objectives<br />Understand the Elections of ‘68 and ‘72<br />Understand Nixon’s exit strategy<br />How did the Vietnam war change Americans’ perception of our government?<br />Legacies of Vietnam<br />
  4. 4. 1968 Election<br />Democratic Party <br />1968= Great Society < Civil Rights < Vietnam<br />Challengers arise in Democratic Party<br /> -Kennedy and Eugene McCarthy – Anti-War<br />Robert Kennedy and MLK Assassinated<br />Democratic National Convention in Chicago<br />
  5. 5. 1968 Election<br />10,000 Protestors – 600 arrested<br />What do other Americans see?<br />
  6. 6. 1968 Election<br />Republicans<br />Richard Nixon – “Law and Order” at home and Secret Plan for Vietnam<br />“War must be ended. It must be ended honorably”<br />
  7. 7. 1968 Election<br />Independent Party – George Wallace <br />Southern Democrat against ultra-liberal policies (Great Society, Civil Rights)<br />Against war protestors <br />Appealing to Republicans and Democrats<br />
  8. 8. 1968 Election<br />Popular Vote: Nixon 43.4%<br /> Humphrey 42.7%<br /> Wallace 13.5%<br />Nixon enjoys wider margin in Electoral College and takes presidency with confidence.<br />
  9. 9. Nixon’s Goal<br />Peace Negotiations with North<br />Vietnamization<br />End U.S. Involvement<br />Set up Anti-Communist Government in South<br />Widen the war<br />“PEACE WITH HONOR”<br />No longer military defeat of Communists<br />Lower Troop Numbers<br />Don’t LOSE the war with American troops<br />Appeal to the Silent Majority<br />April 1969 – <br />543K Troops in Vietnam<br />
  10. 10. Increased Distrust of Gov’t<br />My Lai Massacre – 1968 and 1969<br />Secret War (Cambodia and Laos)<br />Pentagon Papers<br />
  11. 11. 1972 Election<br />Nixon vs. McGovern (huge war critic)<br />26th Amendment in 1971<br />Kissinger Announces “Peace at Hand”<br />Nixon Landslide<br />Christmas Bombings<br />All but 24,000 U.S. troops are gone<br />
  12. 12. Peace Agreement<br />January of 1973<br />Paris Peace Accord (U.S., North, South, VC)<br />-Cease Fire<br /> -Withdraw of U.S. troops from Vietnam<br /> -U.S. to help rebuild<br /> -Vietnamese troops hold positions while discussions continue over future<br />Nobel Peace Prize<br />
  13. 13. Real end of war<br />1975 – North Vietnam invades south<br />April – they reach and overrun Saigon<br />U.S. Military has to evacuate Americans <br />Unified Vietnam with communist government in South<br />Khmer Rouge take over Cambodia <br />
  14. 14. Legacies of Vietnam War<br />Changes view of American government<br />War Powers Act 1973<br />“Is this another Vietnam”?<br />Struggle of Vietnam Veterans<br />Vietnam Veterans Memorial, D.C.<br />

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