Red Scare, McCarthyism, and Korea<br />Cold War in the U.S. and Korea<br />
Agenda<br />Discuss Churchill and Stalin<br />Communism simulation<br />What was the Red Scare about?  What happened in Am...
Churchill vs. Stalin<br />Take 5 minutes to look through the primary source readings to gather your thoughts.<br />Focus o...
Churchill vs. Stalin<br />Pair Up and Share<br />Focus on:<br />	- What did Churchill say about the relationship between t...
Communist Activity<br />Look at your slip of paper – Dot or No Dot – keep it secret!!  Keep the paper in your pocket.<br /...
Communist Activity<br />What was your experience like?<br />Explain the difficulties of the activity.<br />How did you fee...
Review<br />Truman Doctrine<br />Marshall Plan<br />Containment<br />
Fear of Communism<br />
Fear of Communism<br />Soviets develop atomic weapons – August 1949<br />Communism spreads to China<br />Chinese Civil War...
Communism in the U.S.<br />House of Reps. – HUAC – House Un-American Activities Committee – All radical groups<br />By the...
Truman Shows Commitment<br />Instituted policy of investigating all federal employees<br />3 million investigated, a few t...
Spies<br />Espionage incidents  fueled fears<br />Alger Hiss – former government official that was accused of trying to pl...
Joseph McCarthy<br />
McCarthyism<br />Senator from Wisconsin who was running for re-election in 1950<br />February 2, 1950 speech in West Virgi...
McCarthyism<br />McCarthy never produced a list of names and the Senate looked into his accusations and never found anythi...
McCarthyism<br />Governments, universities, labor unions, and private business began hunting for communists.<br />FBI and ...
McCarthyism was Pervasive<br />Texas – 20 years for being a member of party<br />New York – loyalty oath to obtain fishing...
Fall of McCarthy<br />McCarthy’s claims repeatedly turned out to  be empty – Not a single conspirator found<br />In televi...
Korean Conflict<br />Current Events<br />How Does the U.S. Respond?<br />Cannot have another Asian nation fall under commu...
Korean War<br />Read the documents and answer the questions in the packet.<br />Complete the packet for Friday along with ...
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02 mccarthy and korea

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Goes along with Chapter 15 Section 3

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02 mccarthy and korea

  1. 1. Red Scare, McCarthyism, and Korea<br />Cold War in the U.S. and Korea<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Discuss Churchill and Stalin<br />Communism simulation<br />What was the Red Scare about? What happened in America?<br />Korean War though Documents<br />
  3. 3. Churchill vs. Stalin<br />Take 5 minutes to look through the primary source readings to gather your thoughts.<br />Focus on:<br />- What did Churchill say about the relationship between the U.S./Britain and the Soviets? <br /> - How does Stalin respond to Churchill’s speech?<br /> - What can we deduce from Stalin’s speech about the relationship between the countries?<br />
  4. 4. Churchill vs. Stalin<br />Pair Up and Share<br />Focus on:<br /> - What did Churchill say about the relationship between the U.S./Britain and the Soviets? <br /> - How does Stalin respond to Churchill’s speech?<br /> - What can we deduce from Stalin’s speech about the relationship between the countries?<br />Discuss as a class<br />
  5. 5. Communist Activity<br />Look at your slip of paper – Dot or No Dot – keep it secret!! Keep the paper in your pocket.<br />If you do NOT have a dot on your paper….your goal is to put together the largest group of your classmates WITHOUT including anyone with a dot<br />If you DO have a dot, your goal is to be the only person in a group with a dot.<br />Do whatever you can to make up or break up groups. You have permission to lie for the next several minutes.<br />
  6. 6. Communist Activity<br />What was your experience like?<br />Explain the difficulties of the activity.<br />How did you feel knowing you had NO dot?<br />How did you feel knowing you had a dot?<br />What were some concerns as you were forming groups?<br />What was your reaction when I said someone had a dot? Did you believe me? Were you suspicious?<br />Why did we do this activity?<br />
  7. 7. Review<br />Truman Doctrine<br />Marshall Plan<br />Containment<br />
  8. 8. Fear of Communism<br />
  9. 9. Fear of Communism<br />Soviets develop atomic weapons – August 1949<br />Communism spreads to China<br />Chinese Civil War results in Communist victory<br />Mao Zedong assumes control of China<br />Democratic West (U.S./Canada/Western Europe)<br />345 Million People<br />Soviets and Eastern Europe<br />287 Million People<br />China<br />554 Million People<br />Communist Total<br />841 Million People<br />
  10. 10. Communism in the U.S.<br />House of Reps. – HUAC – House Un-American Activities Committee – All radical groups<br />By the end of WWII, HUAC was focused on Communism<br />1947 – HUAC began to explore Communist influence in Hollywood, the film industry.<br />Collected list of names of directors and writers<br />Called before the House to name others<br />Those who didn’t were blacklisted – hundreds<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Truman Shows Commitment<br />Instituted policy of investigating all federal employees<br />3 million investigated, a few thousand resign, 200 were found to be disloyal<br />Smith Act – 1940 law making it illegal to call for the overthrow of the U.S. government.<br />McCarran Act – Act of Congress <br /> -made all communist organizations register<br /> -illegal to plan for creation of dictatorship<br /> -prevented radicals from entering country<br /> - Truman Vetoed – overridden <br />
  13. 13. Spies<br />Espionage incidents fueled fears<br />Alger Hiss – former government official that was accused of trying to place communist government<br />Klaus Fuchs – German born scientist who worked on Manhattan Project<br />Rosenbergs – Husband and wife accused of spying for Soviets – given the death sentence<br />
  14. 14. Joseph McCarthy<br />
  15. 15. McCarthyism<br />Senator from Wisconsin who was running for re-election in 1950<br />February 2, 1950 speech in West Virginia<br />“The reason we find ourselves in a position of impotency is not because our only powerful potential enemy has sent men to invade our shores, but rather because of the traitorous actions of those who have been treated so well by this Nation…In my opinion the State Department…is thoroughly infested with Communists. I have in my hand 57 cases of individuals who would appear to be either card carrying members or certainly loyal to the Communist Party…”<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. McCarthyism<br />McCarthy never produced a list of names and the Senate looked into his accusations and never found anything<br />The American people did not need any evidence<br />1950 election, McCarthy produced a fake photo of his opponent speaking with the head of American Communist Party – McCarthy wins<br />McCarthyism spreads <br />
  18. 18. McCarthyism<br />Governments, universities, labor unions, and private business began hunting for communists.<br />FBI and private investigators produced names of people with questionable views<br />Those who refused to help with investigations were also put on lists<br />“Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?”<br />Those who pled the 5th Amendment were labeled “guilty by association”<br />
  19. 19. McCarthyism was Pervasive<br />Texas – 20 years for being a member of party<br />New York – loyalty oath to obtain fishing license<br />Indiana – loyalty oath to be a professional wrestler<br />Teachers and professors often had to take oaths<br />Textbooks promoted patriotism and promoted anti-communism<br />
  20. 20. Fall of McCarthy<br />McCarthy’s claims repeatedly turned out to be empty – Not a single conspirator found<br />In televised hearings, McCarthy attacked the Army for sheltering Communists<br />The public finally saw through him when he yelled “You are a disgrace to the uniform. You’re shielding communist conspirators…You’re not fit to be an officer. You’re ignorant.<br />The Senate put an end to his hearings<br />Italy and France – 20% of population identified<br />U.S. – .03% of a population of 141 million<br />
  21. 21. Korean Conflict<br />Current Events<br />How Does the U.S. Respond?<br />Cannot have another Asian nation fall under communism.<br />June 25, 1950:<br />100,000 North Korean troops armed with Soviet equipment invaded the South by surprise.<br />Soviets<br />Communist<br />From end of WWII through 1949<br />Both Withdraw Troops <br />U.S.<br />Republic<br />
  22. 22. Korean War<br />Read the documents and answer the questions in the packet.<br />Complete the packet for Friday along with reading chapter 15 section 4<br />Due Monday: In pairs…You will write an essay on Google Docs. Your instructions are found on pg 104 of the document packet.<br />You will work together and will individually fill out an evaluation on the contributions of yourself and your partner. <br />

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